20 Facts About Yangtze


Yangtze has played a major role in the history, culture, and economy of China.

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However, because the source of the Yangtze was not ascertained until modern times, the Chinese have given different names to the upstream sections of the river up to its confluence with the Min River at Yibin, Sichuan.

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Traditionally, the upstream part of the Yangtze River refers to the section from Yibin to Yichang; the middle part refers to the section from Yichang to Hukou County, where Lake Poyang meets the river; the downstream part is from Hukou to Shanghai.

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Yangtze River is important to the cultural origins of southern China and Japan.

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Whether native or nativizing, the Yangtze states held their own against the northern Chinese homeland: some lists credit them with three of the Spring and Autumn period's Five Hegemons and one of the Warring States' Four Lords.

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The Qin and Han empires were actively engaged in the agricultural colonization of the Yangtze lowlands, maintaining a system of dikes to protect farmland from seasonal floods.

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Yangtze has long been the backbone of China's inland water transportation system, which remained particularly important for almost two thousand years, until the construction of the national railway network during the 20th century.

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Yangtze was the site of naval battles between the Song dynasty and Jurchen Jin during the Jin–Song wars.

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Yangtze's was a small vessel intended for use as a mail and passenger carrier between Lintin Island, Macao, and Whampoa.

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From June to September 1891, anti-foreign riots up the Yangtze forced the warship to make an extended voyage as far as Hankou, 600 miles upriver.

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Yangtze's then operated along the north and central China coast and on the lower Yangtze until June 1892.

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Samar patrolled the lower Yangtze after fighting broke out in the summer 1913, a precursor to a decade of conflict between provincial warlords in China.

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Yangtze boats were involved in the Nanking incident of 1927 when the Communists and Nationalists broke into open war.

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Yangtze River produces more ocean plastic pollution than any other, according to The Ocean Cleanup, a Dutch environmental research foundation that focuses on ocean pollution.

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In 2005 a Yangtze Forum has been established bringing together 13 riparian provincial governments to manage the river from source to sea.

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Yangtze River has a high species richness, including many endemics.

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The largest orders in the Yangtze are Cypriniformes, Siluriformes, Perciformes, Tetraodontiformes and Osmeriformes .

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The polluted Dian Lake, which is part of the upper Yangtze watershed, is home to several highly threatened fish, but was home to the Yunnan lake newt.

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In contrast, the Chinese fire belly newt from the lower Yangtze basin is one of the few Chinese salamander species to remain common and it is considered least concern by the IUCN.

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Yangtze basin contains a large number of freshwater crab species, including several endemics.

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