67 Facts About Shanghai


Shanghai is one of the world's major centers for finance, business and economics, research, education, science and technology, manufacturing, tourism, culture, dining, art, fashion, sports, and transportation, and the Port of Shanghai is the world's busiest container port.

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Originally a fishing village and market town, Shanghai grew in importance in the 19th century due to both domestic and foreign trade and its favorable port location.

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Shanghai has been described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of China.

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Shanghai is known for its sugary cuisine, distinctive local language and vibrant international flair.

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Shanghai is the highest earning tourist city in the world, with the seventh most five-star hotels in the world, and the third tallest building in the world, the Shanghai Tower.

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In 2018, Shanghai hosted the first China International Import Expo, the world's first import-themed national-level expo.

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Shanghai joined the UNESCO Global Network of Learning Cities in 2019.

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How the name should be understood has been disputed, but Chinese historians have concluded that during the Tang dynasty, the area of modern-day Shanghai was under the sea level, so the land appeared to be literally "on the sea".

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Shanghai-based sports teams and newspapers often use Shen in their names, such as Shanghai Shenhua and Shen Bao.

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Britain, France, and the United States all established a presence outside the walled city of Shanghai, which remained under the direct administration of the Chinese.

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Chinese-held Old City of Shanghai fell to rebels from the Small Swords Society in 1853, but was recovered by the Qing government in February 1855.

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Between 1860 and 1862, the Taiping rebels twice attacked Shanghai and destroyed the city's eastern and southern suburbs, but failed to take the city.

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Golden age of Shanghai began with its elevation to municipality after it was separated from Jiangsu on 7 July 1927.

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Under the new People's Republic of China, Shanghai was one of only three municipalities not merged into neighboring provinces (the others being Beijing and Tianjin).

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Yet, even during the most tumultuous times of the revolution, Shanghai was able to maintain economic production with positive annual growth rate.

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Since 1949, Shanghai has been a comparatively heavy contributor of tax revenue to the central government; in 1983, the city's contribution in tax revenue was greater than investment received in the past 33 years combined.

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In 1990, Deng Xiaoping finally permitted Shanghai to initiate economic reforms, which reintroduced foreign capital to the city and developed the Pudong district, resulting in the birth of Lujiazui.

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Shanghai is located on the Yangtze Estuary of China's east coast, with the Yangtze River to the north and Hangzhou Bay to the south, with the East China Sea to the east.

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Shanghai has many rivers, canals, streams, and lakes, and it is known for its rich water resources as part of the Lake Tai drainage basin.

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Downtown Shanghai is bisected by the Huangpu River, a man-made tributary of the Yangtze created by order of Lord Chunshen during the Warring States period.

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Shanghai has a humid subtropical climate, with an average annual temperature of 15.

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One of the most famous architects working in Shanghai was Laszlo Hudec, a Hungarian-Slovak who lived in the city between 1918 and 1947.

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Political power in Shanghai has frequently been a stepping stone to higher positions in the central government.

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Zeng Qinghong, a former deputy party secretary of Shanghai, rose to the Politburo Standing Committee and became the Vice President and an influential power broker.

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Shanghai is one of the four municipalities under the direct administration of the Government of the People's Republic of China, and is divided into 16 county-level districts.

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Many universities in Shanghai are located in residential areas in Yangpu District and Putuo District.

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Shanghai has been described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of China.

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In 2021, the average annual disposable income of Shanghai's residents was per capita, making it one of the wealthiest cities in China, but the most expensive city in mainland China to live in according to a 2017 study by the Economist Intelligence Unit.

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Shanghai was the 5th wealthiest city in the world, with a total wealth amounts to $1.

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Shanghai was the largest and most prosperous city in East Asia during the 1930s, and its rapid redevelopment began in the 1990s.

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Shanghai is a large hub of the Chinese and global technology industry and home to a large startup ecosystem.

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Shanghai is home to China's largest steelmaker Baosteel Group, China's largest shipbuilding base Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding Group, and one of China's oldest shipbuilders, the Jiangnan Shipyard.

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The Shanghai-based SAIC Motor is one of the three largest automotive corporations in China, and has strategic partnerships with Volkswagen and General Motors.

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In 2017, Shanghai was the highest earning tourist city in the world, which is expected to maintain until 2027.

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Shanghai is home to China Pilot Free-Trade Zone, the first free-trade zone in mainland China.

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In 2017, the Chinese government implemented population controls for Shanghai, resulting in a population decline of 10, 000 people by the end of the year.

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The Apostolic Vicariate of Shanghai was erected in 1933, and was further elevated to the Diocese of Shanghai in 1946.

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Shanghai is a seat of two members of the C9 League, an alliance of elite Chinese universities offering comprehensive and leading education, and these two universities are ranked in the global top 100 research comprehensive universities according to the most influential university rankings in the world such as QS Rankings, Shanghai Rankings, and Times Higher Education Rankings.

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Shanghai is home to the cadre school China Executive Leadership Academy in Pudong and the China Europe International Business School.

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The city's compulsory education system is among the best in the world: in 2009 and 2012, 15-year-old students from Shanghai ranked first in every subject in the Program for International Student Assessment, a worldwide study of academic performance conducted by the OECD.

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Shanghai has an extensive public transportation system comprising metros, buses, ferries, and taxis, all of which can be accessed using a Shanghai Public Transport Card.

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Shanghai reintroduced trams in 2010, as a modern rubber-tire Translohr system in Zhangjiang area of East Shanghai as Zhangjiang Tram.

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Many national expressways pass through or end in Shanghai, including Jinghu Expressway (overlaps with Hurong Expressway), Shenhai Expressway, Hushaan Expressway, Huyu Expressway, Hukun Expressway (overlaps with Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway), and Shanghai Ring Expressway.

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Bicycle lanes are common in Shanghai, separating non-motorized traffic from car traffic on most surface streets.

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Shanghai has four commuter railways: Pudong railway and Jinshan railway operated by China Railway, and Line 16 and Line 17 operated by Shanghai Metro.

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Shanghai is one of the largest air transportation hubs in Asia.

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Since its opening, the Port of Shanghai has rapidly grown to become the largest port in China.

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Overtaking the Port of Singapore in 2010, the Port of Shanghai has become world's busiest container port with an annual TEU transportation of 42 million in 2018.

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Shanghai is part of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road that runs from the Chinese coast to the south via the southern tip of India to Mombasa, from there to the Mediterranean, there to the Upper Adriatic region to the northern Italian hub of Trieste with its rail connections to Central and the Eastern Europe.

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Culture of Shanghai was formed by a combination of the nearby Wuyue culture and the "East Meets West" Haipai culture.

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Haipai culture emerged after Shanghai became a prosperous port in the early 20th century, with numerous foreigners from Europe, America, Japan, and India moving into the city.

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The term Haipai—originally referring to a painting school in Shanghai—was coined by a group of Beijing writers in 1920 to criticize some Shanghai scholars for admiring capitalism and Western culture.

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Cultural curation in Shanghai has seen significant growth since 2013, with several new museums having been opened in the city.

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The Shanghai Museum has one of the largest collections of Chinese artifacts in the world, including a large collection of ancient Chinese bronzes and ceramics.

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Notable theaters in Shanghai include the Shanghai Grand Theatre, the Oriental Art Center, and the People's Theatre.

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Shanghai is considered to be the birthplace of Chinese cinema.

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Since 2001, Shanghai has held its own fashion week called Shanghai Fashion Week twice every year in April and October.

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Shanghai is home to many prominent Chinese professional athletes, such as basketball player Yao Ming, 110-meter hurdler Liu Xiang, table tennis player Wang Liqin, and badminton player Wang Yihan.

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In 2010, Shanghai became the host city of Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters, which raced in a street circuit in Pudong.

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In 2012, Shanghai began hosting 4 Hours of Shanghai as one round from the inaugural season of the FIA World Endurance Championship.

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Shanghai has an extensive public park system; by 2018, the city had 300 parks, of which 281 had free admission, and the per capita park area was 8.

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People's Square park, located in the heart of downtown Shanghai, is especially well known for its proximity to other major landmarks in the city.

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Zhongshan Park in western central Shanghai is famous for its monument of Chopin, the tallest statue dedicated to the composer in the world.

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Air pollution in Shanghai is not as severe as in many other Chinese cities, but is still considered substantial by world standards.

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On 23 January 2014, Yang Xiong, the mayor of Shanghai, announced that three main measures would be taken to manage the air pollution in Shanghai, along with surrounding Anhui, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang provinces.

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On 1 July 2019, Shanghai adopted a new garbage-classification system that sorts out waste into residual waste, kitchen waste, recyclable waste, and hazardous waste.

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Media in Shanghai covers newspapers, publisher, broadcast, television, and Internet, with some media having influence over the country.

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