39 Facts About Internet


The Internet carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web, electronic mail, telephony, and file sharing.

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The linking of commercial networks and enterprises by the early 1990s marked the beginning of the transition to the modern Internet, and generated a sustained exponential growth as generations of institutional, personal, and mobile computers were connected to the network.

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The Internet has enabled and accelerated new forms of personal interactions through instant messaging, Internet forums, and social networking services.

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Internet has no single centralized governance in either technological implementation or policies for access and usage; each constituent network sets its own policies.

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In November 2006, the Internet was included on USA Todays list of New Seven Wonders.

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Research into packet switching, one of the fundamental Internet technologies, started in the work of Paul Baran in the early 1960s and, independently, Donald Davies in 1965.

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In mid-1989, MCI Mail and Compuserve established connections to the Internet, delivering email and public access products to the half million users of the Internet.

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In 1991 the Commercial Internet eXchange was founded, allowing PSInet to communicate with the other commercial networks CERFnet and Alternet.

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Since 1995, the Internet has tremendously impacted culture and commerce, including the rise of near instant communication by email, instant messaging, telephony, two-way interactive video calls, and the World Wide Web with its discussion forums, blogs, social networking services, and online shopping sites.

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The Internet continues to grow, driven by ever greater amounts of online information and knowledge, commerce, entertainment and social networking services.

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Internet is a global network that comprises many voluntarily interconnected autonomous networks.

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ICANN coordinates the assignment of unique identifiers for use on the Internet, including domain names, IP addresses, application port numbers in the transport protocols, and many other parameters.

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Regional Internet registries were established for five regions of the world.

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The Internet Society was founded in 1992 with a mission to "assure the open development, evolution and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world".

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End-users who only access the Internet when needed to perform a function or obtain information, represent the bottom of the routing hierarchy.

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Mobile Internet connectivity has played an important role in expanding access in recent years especially in Asia and the Pacific and in Africa.

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However, the explosive growth of the Internet has led to IPv4 address exhaustion, which entered its final stage in 2011, when the global IPv4 address allocation pool was exhausted.

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Indeed, the Internet is defined by its interconnections and routing policies.

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The principal methods of networking that enable the Internet are contained in specially designated RFCs that constitute the Internet Standards.

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Internet carries many applications and services, most prominently the World Wide Web, including social media, electronic mail, mobile applications, multiplayer online games, Internet telephony, file sharing, and streaming media services.

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Online advertising is a form of marketing and advertising which uses the Internet to deliver promotional marketing messages to consumers.

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Internet telephony is a common communications service realized with the Internet.

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Internet has enabled new forms of social interaction, activities, and social associations.

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The Internet's technologies have developed enough in recent years, especially in the use of Unicode, that good facilities are available for development and communication in the world's widely used languages.

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Men were more likely to use the Internet to pay bills, participate in auctions, and for recreation such as downloading music and videos.

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Internet allows greater flexibility in working hours and location, especially with the spread of unmetered high-speed connections.

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The Internet can be accessed almost anywhere by numerous means, including through mobile Internet devices.

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Further, the Internet allows universities, in particular, researchers from the social and behavioral sciences, to conduct research remotely via virtual laboratories, with profound changes in reach and generalizability of findings as well as in communication between scientists and in the publication of results.

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Internet allows computer users to remotely access other computers and information stores easily from any access point.

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Some websites, such as Reddit, have rules forbidding the posting of personal information of individuals, due to concerns about such postings leading to mobs of large numbers of Internet users directing harassment at the specific individuals thereby identified.

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Internet has been a major outlet for leisure activity since its inception, with entertaining social experiments such as MUDs and MOOs being conducted on university servers, and humor-related Usenet groups receiving much traffic.

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Many Internet forums have sections devoted to games and funny videos.

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Nicholas G Carr believes that Internet use has other effects on individuals, for instance improving skills of scan-reading and interfering with the deep thinking that leads to true creativity.

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E-commerce seeks to add revenue streams using the Internet to build and enhance relationships with clients and partners.

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Author Andrew Keen, a long-time critic of the social transformations caused by the Internet, has focused on the economic effects of consolidation from Internet businesses.

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Many political groups use the Internet to achieve a new method of organizing for carrying out their mission, having given rise to Internet activism, most notably practiced by rebels in the Arab Spring.

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However, incidents of politically motivated Internet censorship have now been recorded in many countries, including western democracies.

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Volume of Internet traffic is difficult to measure, because no single point of measurement exists in the multi-tiered, non-hierarchical topology.

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In 2011, academic researchers estimated the overall energy used by the Internet to be between 170 and 307 GW, less than two percent of the energy used by humanity.

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