48 Facts About Hangzhou


Hangzhou grew to prominence as the southern terminus of the Grand Canal and has been one of China's most renowned and prosperous cities for much of the last millennium.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,264

Hangzhou has been repeatedly rated as the best commercial city in mainland China by Forbes, and it boasts the eight largest GDP among cities in mainland China with a GDP of around 1.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,265

Home to the headquarters of large global tech companies such as the Alibaba Group, Ant Group and NetEase, Hangzhou is known for attracting professionals and entrepreneurs who work in information technology.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,266

Hangzhou is a major city for scientific research in the Asia-Pacific, ranking 23rd globally by scientific outputs.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,267

Hangzhou is one of the world's top 100 financial centers, according to the Global Financial Centres Index.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,268

Hangzhou was made the seat of the prefecture of Hang in, entitling it to a city wall which was constructed two years later.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,269

Hangzhou was at the southern end of China's Grand Canal which extends to Beijing.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,270

Hangzhou noticed that the farmland nearby depended on the water of West Lake, but due to the negligence of previous governors, the old dyke had collapsed, and the lake so dried out that the local farmers were suffering from severe drought.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,271

Hangzhou ordered the construction of a stronger and taller dyke, with a dam to control the flow of water, thus providing water for irrigation and mitigating the drought problem.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,272

Hangzhou then had willows and other trees planted along the dyke, making it a beautiful landmark.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,273

Hangzhou became a cosmopolitan center, drawing scholars from throughout China and conducting diplomacy with neighboring Chinese states, and with Japan, Goryeo, and the Khitan Liao dynasty.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,274

Hangzhou was chosen as the new capital of the Southern Song dynasty in 1132, when most of northern China had been conquered by the Jurchens in the Jin–Song wars.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,275

The Song government intended it to be a temporary capital, but over the decades Hangzhou grew into a major commercial and cultural center of the Song dynasty, rising from being a middling city of no special importance to being one of the world's largest and most prosperous.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,276

Once the prospect of retaking northern China had diminished, government buildings in Hangzhou were extended and renovated to better befit its status as a permanent imperial capital.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,277

From 1138 until the Mongol invasion of 1276, Hangzhou remained the capital of the Southern Song dynasty and was known as Lin'an.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,278

Hangzhou is the birthplace and final resting place of the scientist Shen Kuo, his tomb being located in the Yuhang district.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,279

Hangzhou was besieged and captured by the advancing Mongol armies of Kublai Khan in 1276, three years before the final collapse of the Southern Song.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,280

The capital of the new Yuan dynasty was established in the city of Dadu, but Hangzhou remained an important commercial and administrative center for their southern territory.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,281

Hangzhou was particularly impressed by the large number of well-crafted and well-painted Chinese wooden ships with colored sails and silk awnings in the canals.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,282

Hangzhou attended a banquet held by Qurtai, the Yuan Mongol administrator of the city, who according to Ibn Battuta, was fond of the skills of local Chinese conjurers.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,283

Hangzhou was ruled by the Republic of China government under the Kuomintang from 1927 to 1937.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,284

Hangzhou is located in northwestern Zhejiang province, at the southern end of the Grand Canal of China, which runs to Beijing, in the south-central portion of the Yangtze River Delta.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,285

Hangzhou's climate is humid subtropical with four distinctive seasons, characterised by long, very hot, humid summers and chilly, cloudy and drier winters.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,286

In late summer, Hangzhou suffers typhoon storms, but typhoons seldom strike it directly.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,287

Hangzhou is a city in China and had a population of 5,162,039 at the 2010 census, an increase of 4.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,288

Hangzhou prefecture had a registered population of 9,018,000 in 2015.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,289

Hangzhou is classified as a sub-provincial city and forms the core of the Hangzhou metropolitan area, the fourth-largest in China.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,290

Hangzhou's economy has rapidly developed since its opening up in 1992.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,291

Hangzhou is considered a World City with a "Beta+" classification according to GaWC.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,292

Hangzhou ranked 89 in the Global Financial Centres Index in 2018.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,293

Hangzhou is the headquarters of several technology companies including Alibaba Group, Ant Group, NetEase and HikVision.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,294

Hangzhou is known for its historic relics and natural environment.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,295

In 1848, during the Qing dynasty, Hangzhou was described as the "stronghold" of Islam in China, the city containing several mosques with Arabic inscriptions.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,296

Hangzhou has historically been an important hub for artists and scholars.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,297

In modern times, Hangzhou was home to the China Academy of Art and prominent painters such as Lin Fengmian and Fang Ganmin.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,298

Hangzhou is best known for originating Longjing, a notable variety of green tea, the most notable type being Longjing Tea.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,299

Local government of Hangzhou heavily invests in promoting tourism and the arts, with emphasis placed upon silk production, umbrellas, and Chinese hand-held folding fans.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,300

Restaurants in Hangzhou include Xin Feng restaurant, Zhi Wei Guan, Grandma's Home, Green Tea Restaurant, etc.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,301

Port of Hangzhou is a small river port with a cargo throughput that exceeds 100 million tons annually.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,302

Hangzhou is served by the Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport, which provides direct service to many international destinations such as Thailand, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Vietnam, Singapore, Netherlands, Qatar, Portugal and the United States.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,303

Hangzhou sits on the intersecting point of some of the busiest rail corridors in China.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,304

Second high-speed rail channel through Hangzhou is operational along with another major station, Hangzhou West, opened on September 22,2022.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,305

Hangzhou has an efficient bus network, consisting of a modern fleet of diesel, hybrid and electric buses, as well as trolleybuses.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,306

Hangzhou was once known for its extensive bus rapid transit network expanding from downtown to many suburban areas through dedicated bus lanes on some of the busiest streets in the city.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,307

Hangzhou has an extensive public bike rental system, the Hangzhou Public Bicycle system.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,308

In early 2011,30 electric taxis were deployed in Hangzhou; 15 were Zotye Langyues and the other 15 were Haima Freemas.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,309

Hangzhou has a large student population with many higher education institutions based in the city.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,310

Hangzhou is a major city for scientific research in China, ranking 9th in Asia-Oceania region and 23rd globally by the Nature Index as of 2021.

FactSnippet No. 1,585,311