29 Facts About Yangtze River


Yangtze River has played a major role in the history, culture, and economy of China.

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However, because the source of the Yangtze was not ascertained until modern times, the Chinese have given different names to the upstream sections of the river up to its confluence with the Min River at Yibin, Sichuan.

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Yangtze River was called Quian and Quianshui by Marco Polo and appeared on the earliest English maps as Kian or Kiam, which derives from Cantonese, all recording dialects which preserved forms of the Middle Chinese pronunciation of as Kæwng.

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Name Blue Yangtze River began to be applied in the 18th century, apparently owing to a former name of the Dam Chu or Min and to analogy with the Yellow Yangtze River, but it was frequently explained in early English references as a 'translation' of Jiang, Jiangkou, or Yangzijiang.

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At Wuhan, it receives its biggest tributary, the Han Yangtze River, bringing water from its northern basin as far as Shaanxi.

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Traditionally, the upstream part of the Yangtze River refers to the section from Yibin to Yichang; the middle part refers to the section from Yichang to Hukou County, where Lake Poyang meets the river; the downstream part is from Hukou to Shanghai.

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Yangtze River is important to the cultural origins of southern China and Japan.

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Whether native or nativizing, the Yangtze River states held their own against the northern Chinese homeland: some lists credit them with three of the Spring and Autumn period's Five Hegemons and one of the Warring States' Four Lords.

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The Qin and Han empires were actively engaged in the agricultural colonization of the Yangtze River lowlands, maintaining a system of dikes to protect farmland from seasonal floods.

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Yangtze River has long been the backbone of China's inland water transportation system, which remained particularly important for almost two thousand years, until the construction of the national railway network during the 20th century.

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Yangtze River was the site of naval battles between the Song dynasty and Jurchen Jin during the Jin–Song wars.

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Yangtze River's was a small vessel intended for use as a mail and passenger carrier between Lintin Island, Macao, and Whampoa.

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From June to September 1891, anti-foreign riots up the Yangtze forced the warship to make an extended voyage as far as Hankou, 600 miles upriver.

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Yangtze River's then operated along the north and central China coast and on the lower Yangtze until June 1892.

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Yangtze River wrote Handbook for the Guidance of Shipmasters on the Ichang-Chungking Section of the Yangtze River, a detailed and illustrated account of the Upper Yangtze's currents, rocks, and other hazards with navigational instruction.

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Samar patrolled the lower Yangtze River after fighting broke out in the summer 1913, a precursor to a decade of conflict between provincial warlords in China.

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Yangtze River boats were involved in the Nanking incident of 1927 when the Communists and Nationalists broke into open war.

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Yangtze River steamers were popular targets for both Nationalists and Communists, and peasants who would take periodic pot-shots at vessels.

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From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province.

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Yangtze River produces more ocean plastic pollution than any other, according to The Ocean Cleanup, a Dutch environmental research foundation that focuses on ocean pollution.

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In 2005 a Yangtze Forum has been established bringing together 13 riparian provincial governments to manage the river from source to sea.

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Yangtze River stood as a major geographic barrier dividing northern and southern China.

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The Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge was built in 1992 as part of the Beijing-Jiujiang Railway.

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Huai River flowed into the Yellow Sea until the 20th century, but now primarily discharges into the Yangtze.

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Yangtze River has a high species richness, including many endemics.

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The largest orders in the Yangtze River are Cypriniformes, Siluriformes, Perciformes, Tetraodontiformes and Osmeriformes .

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The polluted Dian Lake, which is part of the upper Yangtze watershed, is home to several highly threatened fish, but was home to the Yunnan lake newt.

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In contrast, the Chinese fire belly newt from the lower Yangtze River basin is one of the few Chinese salamander species to remain common and it is considered least concern by the IUCN.

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Yangtze River basin contains a large number of freshwater crab species, including several endemics.

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