32 Facts About Yunnan


Yunnan is China's fourth least developed province based on disposable income per capita in 2014.

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Yunnan is situated in a mountainous area, with high elevations in the northwest and low elevations in the southeast.

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Yunnan is rich in natural resources and has the largest diversity of plant life in China.

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Name "Yunnan" first referred to a place when the Han dynasty created Yunnan County near modern Xiangyun.

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Gradually the king of Yunnan controlled more and more territory, and "Yunnan" became the common name of this area.

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Yunnan's seven captures of Meng Huo, a local magnate, is mythologized in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

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An ancient overland pre-Tang trade route from Yunnan Province passed through Irrawaddy in Burma to reach Bengal.

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Yunnan was inhabited by so-called barbarians not fully under the control of the Tang government and the route, though ancient, was not used much in pre-Tang times, and Chinese attempts to control the route were disrupted by the rise of Nanzhao.

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Yunnan was settled by several local tribes, clans, and cultures before the 8th century.

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In 738, the western Yunnan was united by Piluoge, the fourth king of Nanzhao, who was confirmed by the imperial court of the Tang dynasty as king of Yunnan.

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Yunnan was a destination for Han Chinese during Yuan rule.

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Yunnan ordered several Muslim rebels to be slowly sliced to death.

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Yunnan was transformed by the events of the Second Sino-Japanese War, which caused many east coast refugees and industrial establishments to relocate to the province.

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Yunnan is the most southwestern province in China, with the Tropic of Cancer running through its southern part.

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Yunnan is at the far eastern edge of the Himalayan uplift, and was pushed up in the Pleistocene, primarily in the Middle Pleistocene, although the uplift continues into the present.

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Yunnan has a generally mild climate with pleasant and fair weather because of the province's location on south-facing mountain slopes, receiving the influence of both the Pacific and Indian oceans, and although the growing period is long, the rugged terrain provides little arable land.

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Yunnan is the source of two rivers, the Xi River and the Yuan River.

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Yunnan is China's most diverse province, biologically as well as culturally.

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Yunnan is home to, most notably, the southeast Asian gaur, a giant forest-dwelling bovine, the Indochinese tiger and the Asian elephant.

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Yunnan is noted for a very high level of ethnic diversity.

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Languages spoken in Yunnan include Tibeto-Burman languages such as Bai, Yi, Tibetan, Hani, Jingpo, Lisu, Lahu, Naxi; Tai languages like Zhuang, Bouyei, Dong, Shui, Tai Lu and Tai Nua; as well as Hmong–Mien languages.

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Furthermore, Yunnan has a strong competitive potential in the fruit and vegetable industries, especially in low value-added commodities such as fresh and dried vegetables and fresh apples.

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Yunnan is one of the regions in the world with the most abundant resources of wild edible mushrooms.

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Flower industry in Yunnan province started to develop towards the end of the 1980s.

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Yunnan is one of China's relatively undeveloped provinces with more poverty-stricken counties than the other provinces.

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Yunnan has trade contacts with more than seventy countries and regions in the world.

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Yunnan established the Muse border trade zone along its border with Burma.

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Yunnan is one of the major production bases of copper, lead, zinc, tin and aluminum in China.

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Electricity industry is another important economic pillar of Yunnan, which plays a key role in the "West-East Electricity Transmission Project".

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In higher education, Yunnan has one "National Key University"—Yunnan University in Kunming.

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Road construction in Yunnan continues unabated: over the last years the province has added more new roads than any other province.

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One of Yunnan's best known products is Pu-erh tea, named after the old tea trading town of Pu-erh .

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