11 Facts About China

1. In 2011, Shenzhen in Guangdong, China hosted the 2011 Summer Universiade.

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2. Government of the People's Republic of China officially espouses state atheism, and has conducted antireligious campaigns to this end.

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3. In 2013, China successfully landed the Chang'e 3 lander and Yutu rover onto the lunar surface; China plans to collect lunar soil samples by 2017.

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4. In 1970, China launched its first satellite, Dong Fang Hong I, becoming the fifth country to do so independently.

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5. Since the end of the Cultural Revolution, China has made significant investments in scientific research, with $163 billion spent on scientific research and development in 2012.

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6. The Constitution of the People's Republic of China states that the "fundamental rights" of citizens include freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the right to a fair trial, freedom of religion, universal suffrage, and property rights.

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7. In July 2018, China had cut import tariffs on approximately 1,500 consumer products so as to open up the economy of the country.

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8. In 2013, China began a five-year, US$277 billion effort to reduce air pollution, particularly in the north of the country.

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9. In recent decades, China has suffered from severe environmental deterioration and pollution.

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10. On 1 January 1912, the Republic of China was established, and Sun Yat-sen of the Kuomintang was proclaimed provisional president.

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11. Since then, China has expanded, fractured, and re-unified numerous times.

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