32 Facts About Hong Kong

1. Hong Kong plans to reduce its 2,800-hectare Frontier Closed Area to 400 hectares by 2015; the FCA was established in 1951 as a buffer zone between Hong Kong and mainland China to prevent illegal migration from and the smuggling of goods.

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2. Hong Kong has established itself as the premier stock market for Chinese firms seeking to list abroad.

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3. Hong Kong continues to link its currency closely to the US dollar, maintaining an arrangement established in 1983.

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4. Hong Kong has a free market economy, highly dependent on international trade and finance—the value of goods and services trade, including the sizable share of reexports, is about four times GDP.

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5. In 2004, a league cricket match in Hong Kong had to called off, because batsman Hussain Butt was hitting so many sixes he was posing "a danger to passing traffic.

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6. Hong Kong has a large service economy specializing in international business, banking, trade and tourism.

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7. Hong Kong is a popular tourist destination in southeastern Asia, with a mixture of Eastern and Western cultural influences.

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8. Hong Kong was under British rule from 1842 to 1997.

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9. Hong Kong is the home city to the founder of fiber optic communications: Professor Charles Kao.

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10. Hong Kong is among the richest cities in the world.

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11. Hong Kong has its own political and economical system which is separate from that of China.

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12. Hong Kong is a former British colony that reunified with China in 1997.

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13. The Chinese University of Hong Kong was established in 1963 to fill the need for a university that taught using Chinese as its primary language of instruction.

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14. The University of Hong Kong was founded as the city's first institute of higher education during the early colonial period in 1911.

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15. Education in Hong Kong is largely modelled after that of the United Kingdom, particularly the English system.

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16. Hong Kong is a gateway for foreign direct investment in China, giving investors open access to mainland Chinese markets through direct links with the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges.

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17. Life expectancy in Hong Kong was 81.7 years for males and 87.7 years for females in 2017, the sixth-highest in the world.

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18. Hong Kong is represented in the National People's Congress by 36 deputies chosen through an electoral college, and 203 delegates in the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference appointed by the central government.

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19. Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after Qing China ceded Hong Kong Island at the end of the First Opium War in 1842.

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20. Hong Kong Open 2018: Mixed fortunes for Thailand as Intanon enters final while Puavaranukroh-Taerattanachai crash out.

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21. Hong Kong has barred Financial Times' Asia news editor Victor Mallet from entering the territory.

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22. Hong Kong represents itself separately from mainland China, with its own sports teams in international competitions.

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23. Hong Kong is characterised as a hybrid of East and West.

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24. As the mainland liberalised its economy, Hong Kong's shipping industry faced intense competition from other Chinese ports.

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25. Life expectancy in Hong Kong was 81.7 years for males and 87.7 years for females in 2017, the world's seventh-highest.

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26. Hong Kong has a humid subtropical climate, characteristic of southern China.

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27. Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China, with executive, legislative, and judicial powers devolved from the national government.

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28. Immediately after the transfer, Hong Kong was severely affected by several crises.

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29. Hong Kong was transferred to China on 1 July 1997, after 156 years of British rule.

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30. Hong Kong became the first of the Four Asian Tiger economies to industrialise during the 1950s.

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31. Hong Kong was occupied by Japan for almost four years before Britain resumed control on 30 August 1945.

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32. The University of Hong Kong was established in 1911 as the territory's first higher-education institute.

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