26 Facts About Hong Kong

1. Hong Kong is a major global financial centre and one of the most developed cities in the world.

FactSnippet No. 10,344 - en.wikipedia.org

2. Hong Kong was established as a colony of the British Empire after the Qing Empire ceded Hong Kong Island from Xin'an County at the end of the First Opium War in 1841 then again in 1842.

FactSnippet No. 10,345 - en.wikipedia.org

3. Hong Kong is home to the third-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world, the second-highest number of billionaires of any city in Asia, and the largest concentration of ultra high-net-worth individuals of any city in the world.

FactSnippet No. 10,346 - en.wikipedia.org

4. Hong Kong is a highly developed territory and ranks fourth on the UN Human Development Index.

FactSnippet No. 10,347 - en.wikipedia.org

5. Hong Kong is ranked 3rd in the Global Financial Centres Index.

FactSnippet No. 10,348 - en.wikipedia.org

6. Bronze Age Hong Kong was featured with coarse pottery, hard pottery, quartz and stone jewelry, as well as small bronze implements.

FactSnippet No. 10,349 - en.wikipedia.org

7. From 1661 to 1683, the population of most of the area forming present day Hong Kong was cleared under the Great Clearance, turning the region into a wasteland.

FactSnippet No. 10,350 - en.wikipedia.org

8. The University of Hong Kong was established in 1911 as the territory's first institution of higher education.

FactSnippet No. 10,351 - en.wikipedia.org

9. Hong Kong became the first of the Four Asian Tiger economies to industrialise during the 1950s.

FactSnippet No. 10,352 - en.wikipedia.org

10. Hong Kong was transferred to China on 1 July 1997, after 156 years of British rule.

FactSnippet No. 10,353 - en.wikipedia.org

11. Immediately after the transfer, Hong Kong was severely affected by several crises.

FactSnippet No. 10,354 - en.wikipedia.org

12. Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China, with executive, legislative, and judicial powers devolved from the national government.

FactSnippet No. 10,355 - en.wikipedia.org

13. Under these terms and the "one country, two systems" principle, the Basic Law of Hong Kong is the regional constitution.

FactSnippet No. 10,356 - en.wikipedia.org

14. Hong Kong is represented in the National People's Congress by 36 deputies chosen through an electoral college and 203 delegates in the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference appointed by the central government.

FactSnippet No. 10,357 - en.wikipedia.org

15. Chinese national law does not generally apply in the region, and Hong Kong is treated as a separate jurisdiction.

FactSnippet No. 10,358 - en.wikipedia.org

16. Hong Kong is governed by a hybrid regime that is not fully representative of the population.

FactSnippet No. 10,359 - en.wikipedia.org

17. Life expectancy in Hong Kong was 82.38 years for males and 88.17 years for females in 2022, the highest in the world.

FactSnippet No. 10,360 - en.wikipedia.org

18. Hong Kong is the tenth-largest trading entity in exports and imports, trading more goods in value than its gross domestic product.

FactSnippet No. 10,361 - en.wikipedia.org

19. Hong Kong is a key part of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.

FactSnippet No. 10,362 - en.wikipedia.org

20. Hong Kong is a gateway for foreign direct investment in China, giving investors open access to mainland Chinese markets through direct links with the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges.

FactSnippet No. 10,363 - en.wikipedia.org

21. Hong Kong is characterised as a hybrid of East and West.

FactSnippet No. 10,364 - en.wikipedia.org

22. Food in Hong Kong is primarily based on Cantonese cuisine, despite the territory's exposure to foreign influences and its residents' varied origins.

FactSnippet No. 10,365 - en.wikipedia.org

23. Hong Kong represents itself separately from mainland China, with its own sports teams in international competitions.

FactSnippet No. 10,366 - en.wikipedia.org

24. Education in Hong Kong is largely modelled after that of the United Kingdom, particularly the English system.

FactSnippet No. 10,367 - en.wikipedia.org

25. The Chinese University of Hong Kong was established in 1963 to fill the need for a university that taught using Chinese as its primary language of instruction.

FactSnippet No. 10,368 - en.wikipedia.org

26. Several international publications have regional operations in Hong Kong, including The Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, The New York Times International Edition, USA Today, Yomiuri Shimbun, and The Nikkei.

FactSnippet No. 10,369 - en.wikipedia.org