35 Facts About Imperial Japan


Empire of Japan, known as the Japanese Empire or Imperial Japan, was a historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 until the enactment of the post-World War II 1947 constitution and subsequent formation of modern Japan.

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In 1947, with American involvement, a new constitution was enacted, officially bringing the Empire of Japan to an end, and Japan's Imperial Army was replaced with the Japan Self-Defense Forces.

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Empire of Imperial Japan had three emperors, although it came to an end partway through Showa's reign.

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The nomenclature Empire of Imperial Japan had existed since the anti-Tokugawa domains, Satsuma and Choshu, which founded their new government during the Meiji Restoration, with the intention of forming a modern state to resist Western domination.

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Imperial Japan'slling of foreign shipping in Shimonoseki and attacks against foreign property led to the bombardment of Shimonoseki by a multinational force in 1864.

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The mission traveled the world in order to renegotiate the unequal treaties with the United States and European countries that Imperial Japan had been forced into during the Tokugawa shogunate, and to gather information on western social and economic systems, in order to effect the modernization of Imperial Japan.

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Imperial Japan made a territorial delimitation treaty with Russia in 1875, gaining all the Kuril islands in exchange for Sakhalin island.

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Imperial Japan became the only non-Western world power and a major force in East Asia in about 25 years as a result of industrialization and economic development.

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Imperial Japan then closed and shut done tens of thousands of traditional old Shinto shrines in the Shrine Consolidation Policy and the Meiji government built the new modern 15 shrines of the Kenmu restoration as a political move to link the Meiji restoration to the Kenmu restoration for their new State Shinto cult.

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Imperial Japan was founded, de jure, after the 1889 signing of Constitution of the Empire of Japan.

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In 1890, the Imperial Japan Diet was established in response to the Meiji Constitution.

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Borrowing and adapting technology from the West, Imperial Japan gradually took control of much of Asia's market for manufactured goods, beginning with textiles.

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Imperial Japan emerged from the Tokugawa-Meiji transition as an industrialized nation.

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From 1894, Imperial Japan built an extensive empire that included Taiwan, Korea, Manchuria, and parts of northern China.

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In 1900, Imperial Japan joined an international military coalition set up in response to the Boxer Rebellion in the Qing Empire of China.

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The newly modernised Meiji government of Imperial Japan turned to Korea, then in the sphere of influence of China's Qing dynasty.

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Imperial Japan entered World War I on the side of the Allies in 1914, seizing the opportunity of Germany's distraction with the European War to expand its sphere of influence in China and the Pacific.

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Imperial Japan sought further to consolidate its position in China by presenting the Twenty-One Demands to China in January 1915.

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Election of Kato Komei as Prime Minister of Imperial Japan continued democratic reforms that had been advocated by influential individuals on the left.

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Imperial Japan linked the ancient and contemporary local and European fascist ideals, to form the ideological basis of the movement .

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The prototype for this style was developed by architect Shimoda Kikutaro in his proposal for the Imperial Japan Diet Building in 1920 – although his proposal was ultimately rejected.

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Main goals of Imperial Japan's expansionism were acquisition and protection of spheres of influence, maintenance of territorial integrity, acquisition of raw materials, and access to Asian markets.

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Imperial Japan desired these opportunities in planning the development of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere.

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In 1931, Imperial Japan invaded and conquered Northeast China with little resistance.

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Imperial Japan claimed that this invasion was a liberation of the local Manchus from the Chinese, although the majority of the population were Han Chinese as a result of the large scale settlement of Chinese in Manchuria in the 19th century.

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Imperial Japan then established a puppet regime called Manchukuo, and installed the last Manchu Emperor of China, Puyi, as the official head of state.

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In 1936, Imperial Japan created a similar Mongolian puppet state in Inner Mongolia named Mengjiang, which was predominantly Chinese as a result of recent Han immigration to the area.

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Imperial Japan invaded China proper in 1937, beginning a war against a united front of Mao Zedong's communists and Chiang Kai-shek's nationalists.

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In 1940 Imperial Japan celebrated the 2600th anniversary of Jimmu's ascension and built a monument to Hakko ichiu despite the fact that all historians knew Jimmu was a made up figure.

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The primary objective of the attack was to incapacitate the United States long enough for Imperial Japan to establish its long-planned South East Asian empire and defensible buffer zones.

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The Kuril Islands historically belonged to Imperial Japan and were first inhabited by the Ainu people before coming under the control of the Matsumae clan during the Edo Period.

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Imperial Japan adopted a parliamentary-based political system, and the role of the Emperor became symbolic.

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Imperial Japan only had a minor police force for domestic security.

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Politically, economically, and socially Imperial Japan is abreast of many free nations of the earth and will not again fail the universal trust.

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Everywhere one looks, the corridors of power in postwar Imperial Japan are crowded with men whose talents had already been recognized during the war years, and who found the same talents highly prized in the 'new' Imperial Japan.

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