21 Facts About Inner Mongolia


Inner Mongolia, officially the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China.

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Inner Mongolia is the country's 23rd most populous province-level division.

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Inner Mongolia is distinct from Outer Mongolia, which was a term used by the Republic of China and previous governments to refer to what is the independent state of Mongolia plus the Republic of Tuva in Russia.

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The term Inner referred to the Nei Fan, i e, those descendants of Genghis Khan who were granted the title khan in the Ming and Qing dynasties and lived in part of southern Mongolia.

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Much of what is known about the history of Greater Mongolia, including Inner Mongolia, is known through Chinese chronicles and historians.

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Eastern Mongol tribes near and in Manchuria, particularly the Khorchin and Southern Khalkha in today's Inner Mongolia intermarried, formed alliances with, and fought against the Jurchen tribes until Nurhaci, the founder of the new Jin dynasty, consolidated his control over all groups in the area in 1593.

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Under the Qing dynasty, Greater Inner Mongolia was administered in a different way for each region:.

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Group of Han Chinese during the Qing dynasty called "Mongol followers" immigrated to Inner Mongolia who worked as servants for Mongols and Mongol princes and married Mongol women.

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The Mongol rebellions in Inner Mongolia were counterbalanced by princes who hoped to see a restored Qing dynasty in Manchuria and Mongolia, as they considered the theocratic rule of the Bogd Khan would be against their modernising objectives for Mongolia.

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In 1969, much of Inner Mongolia was distributed among surrounding provinces, with Hulunbuir divided between Heilongjiang and Jilin, Jirim going to Jilin, Juu Uda to Liaoning, and the Alashan and Ejine region divided among Gansu and Ningxia.

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Inner Mongolia has seen considerable development since Deng Xiaoping instituted Chinese economic reform in 1978.

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The winters in Inner Mongolia are very long, cold, and dry with frequent blizzards, though snowfall is so light that Inner Mongolia has no modern glaciers even on the highest Helan peaks.

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Inner Mongolia has an abundance of resources especially coal, cashmere, natural gas, rare-earth elements, and has more deposits of naturally occurring niobium, zirconium and beryllium than any other province-level region in China.

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Inner Mongolia is an important coal production base, with more than a quarter of the world's coal reserves located in the province.

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Industry in Inner Mongolia has grown up mainly around coal, power generation, forestry-related industries, and related industries.

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Inner Mongolia now encourages six competitive industries: energy, chemicals, metallurgy, equipment manufacturing, processing of farm produce, and high technology.

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East of Jilantai, Inner Mongolia, there is a ballistic missile training area used by the People's Liberation Army Rocket Force to train missile crews for mobile missile launchers, their support vehicles, and silo-based ballistic missiles.

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The use of Mongolian in China, specifically in Inner Mongolia, has witnessed periods of decline and revival over the last few hundred years.

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Mongols in Inner Mongolia speak Mongolian dialects such as Chakhar, Xilingol, Baarin, Khorchin and Kharchin Mongolian and, depending on definition and analysis, further dialects or closely related independent Central Mongolic languages such as Ordos, Khamnigan, Barghu Buryat and the arguably Oirat dialect Alasha.

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Han Chinese of Inner Mongolia speak a variety of dialects, depending on the region.

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Inner Mongolia is home to the two space vehicles landing sites in China, the Siziwang Banner Landing Site in Ulanqab and the Dongfeng Landing Site in Alxa.

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