27 Facts About Liaoning


Under the Japanese-puppet Manchukuo regime, the province reverted to its 1907 name, but the name Liaoning was restored for a brief time in 1945 and then again in 1954.

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Liaoning is known in Chinese as "the Golden Triangle" from its shape and strategic location, with the Yellow Sea in the south, North Korea's North Pyongan and Chagang provinces in the southeast, Jilin to the northeast, Hebei to the southwest, and Inner Mongolia to the northwest.

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Liaoning, meaning "Pacified Liao", is named after the Liao River that runs through the province.

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From 4th to 5th century AD, Liaoning was ruled by Xianbei dynasties of the Murong tribe – Former Yan, Later Yan, and Northern Yan.

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Qing conquest of Liaoning resulted in a significant population loss in the area, as many local Chinese residents were either killed during fighting, or fled south of the Great Wall, many cities being destroyed by the retreating Ming forces themselves.

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At the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, Liaoning did not exist; instead there were two provinces, Liaodong and Liaoxi, as well as five municipalities, Shenyang, Luda, Anshan, Fushun, and Benxi.

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Liaoning was one of the first provinces in China to industrialize, first under Japanese occupation, and then even more in the 1950s and 1960s.

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Eastern part of Liaoning is dominated by the Changbai Mountains and Qianshan Mountains which extend into the sea to form the Liaodong Peninsula.

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Liaoning contains some of the foremost paleontological sites in the world.

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Liaoning fossils are noted for their high degree of preservation—often including soft body tissues, which is rare.

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The Liaoning deposit is widely considered to be the one of the world's premier fossil sites.

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Politics of Liaoning is structured in a single party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

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The Governor of Liaoning is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Liaoning.

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Previous to 1949 and the takeover of the Communist forces, Liaoning was governed by the Fengtian clique of warlords and interchangeably officials of the Chiang Kai-shek bureaucracy.

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Liaoning is divided into fourteen prefecture-level divisions, all prefecture-level cities :.

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Liaoning has the largest and wealthiest provincial economy of Northeast China.

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In 2008, Liaoning was the region with the highest GDP growth among global G8x8, the eight provinces or states below national level with the highest GDP of the top eight GDP nations.

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Liaoning is one of the most important raw materials production bases in China.

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Meanwhile, Liaoning is an important production base of equipment and machinery manufacturing, with Shenyang and Dalian being the industrial centers.

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Liaoning's fruits include apples from Dalian and Yingkou, golden peaches from Dalian, pears from Beizhen of Jinzhou, white pears from Huludao and Suizhong, and apricots and plums from Gushan of Dandong.

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Liaoning has the most iron, magnesite, diamond, and boron deposits among all province-level subdivisions of China.

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Liaoning is an important source of petroleum and natural gas.

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Liaoning is one of China's most important industrial bases, covering a wide range of industries, such as machinery, electronics, metal refining, petroleum, chemical industries, construction materials, coal, and so on.

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Development zones formally recognized by the PRC State Council, 56 are located in Liaoning, including 14 on the national level and 42 on the provincial level.

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Central Liaoning city cluster is a megalopolis centered on Shenyang .

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Population of Liaoning is mostly Han Chinese with minorities of Manchus, Mongols, Hui, Koreans and Xibe.

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Liaoning has both the highest absolute number and highest percentage of Manchus in all of China.

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