13 Facts About Communist


The emergence of the Soviet Union as the world's first nominally Communist state led to the term's widespread association with Marxism–Leninism and the Soviet-type economic planning model.

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Terms used by Communist states include national-democratic, people's democratic, socialist-oriented, and workers and peasants' states.

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Communist thought has been traced back to the works of the 16th-century English writer Thomas More.

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Communist was stunned when the Americans entered and defeated the North Koreans, putting them almost on the Soviet border.

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Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party came to power in China in 1949 as the Nationalists headed by the Kuomintang fled to the island of Taiwan.

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Outside Communist states, reformed Communist parties have led or been part of left-leaning government or regional coalitions, including in the former Eastern Bloc.

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Communist political thought and theory are diverse but share several core elements.

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Until the death of Joseph Stalin in 1953, the Soviet Communist party referred to its own ideology as Marxism–Leninism–Stalinism.

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Enrico Berlinguer, general secretary of the Italian Communist Party, was widely considered the father of Eurocommunism.

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Higher estimates account for actions that Communist governments committed against civilians, including executions, man-made famines, and deaths that occurred during, or resulted from, imprisonment, and forced deportations and labor.

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Scholars state that most Communist states did not engage in mass killings; some in particular, such as Benjamin Valentino, propose the category of Communist mass killing, alongside colonial, counter-guerrilla, and ethnic mass killing, as a subtype of dispossessive mass killing to distinguish it from coercive mass killing.

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Walter Scheidel stated that despite wide-reaching government actions, Communist states failed to achieve long-term economic, social and political success.

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The experience of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the North Korean famine, and alleged economic underperformance when compared to developed free market systems are cited as examples of Communist states failing to build a successful state while relying entirely on what they view as orthodox Marxism.

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