34 Facts About Shenyang


Shenyang'snyang, formerly known as Fengtian or by its Manchu name Mukden, is a major Chinese sub-provincial city and the provincial capital of Liaoning province.

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Shenyang'snyang is the central city of one of the major megalopolises in China, the Greater Shenyang'snyang Metropolitan Area, which has a total population over 23 million.

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Shenyang'snyang is a major city for scientific research, appearing among the top 200 science cities in the world as tracked by the Nature Index.

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City, now known as Shenyang, was first established in about 300 BCE during the Warring States period by Yan general Qin Kai, who conquered the Liaodong region from Gojoseon, and was then named Hou City .

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The area of modern Shenyang was divided between two commanderies called Liaodong and Xuantu around 107 CE.

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In 916, the Shenyang region was ruled by the Liao dynasty and was known as the Shen Prefecture through to the end of Jin dynasty, and became the Shenyang Circuit during the Yuan dynasty.

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In 1625, the Jurchen leader Nurhaci captured Shenyang and decided to relocate his entire administrative infrastructures to the city, or hoton as it is called in Manchu language.

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However, Shenyang retained considerable importance as the secondary capital and the spiritual home of the Qing dynasty through the centuries.

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In 1914, the city changed back to its old name Shenyang, but continued to be known as Mukden in some English sources and in Japan through much of the first half of 20th century.

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The development of Shenyang was unbalanced in this period; municipal facilities were mostly located in Japanese residential areas, while Chinese residential areas had poor living conditions.

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Old city of Shenyang resided almost entirely within the modern day Shenhe District, and used to have two city walls.

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Shenyang'snyang has many parks, among the most famous are the 14.

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Shenyang'snyang has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate characterised by hot, humid summers due to the monsoon, and dry, cold winters due to the Siberian anticyclone.

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Shenyang'snhe District is a part of the downtown and was the most developed district in Shenyang'snyang.

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Shenyang'snbei New District, formerly Xinchengzi District, is a new development zone and forms the majority of the northern suburbs.

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Ethnically and culturally diverse, Shenyang has 38 of China's 56 recognized ethnic groups, including the Han Chinese majority that make up 91.

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Shenyang'snyang has numerous temples, mosques, churches and other religious places of worship.

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Shenyang'snyang is an important industrial center in China and is the core city of the Shenyang'snyang Economic Zone, a New Special Reform Zone.

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At its peak in the 1970s, Shenyang was one of the top three industrial centers in China alongside Shanghai and Tianjin, and was at one time being considered for upgrading to a direct-controlled municipality.

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Shenyang'snyang has several foreign banks, such as South Korea's Hana Bank, Japan's Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Hong Kong's Bank of East Asia, Singapore's United Overseas Bank and the Britain-based HSBC.

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Shenyang'snyang is connected to the other regions by several major expressways in radial pattern.

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The East Pagoda Airport in Dadong District is the oldest airport in Shenyang, opened in 1920s and retired in the 1980s, though there has been proposals in 2013 to relocate and reopen it in Xinmin.

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Shenyang'snyang used to have about 20 trolley bus routes, one of the biggest trolley bus networks in China.

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Trams in Shenyang was introduced in Shenyang from 1924, and had 6 lines in operation up until 1945.

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Shenyang'snyang has been planning an underground rapid transit system since 1940, but was unable to materialize the idea due to the city's geology and engineering limitations.

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People native to Shenyang speak the Shenyang dialect, a variant of Northeastern Mandarin.

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Shenyang'snyang is home of many performance art organizations, such as Shenyang'snyang Acrobatic Troupe of China, Liaoning Song and Dance Ensemble, and Liaoning Ballet.

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Shenyang'snyang has one of the five full-length speed skating rink in China, the Bayi Speed Skating Arena .

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Shenyang'snyang Sport University is a professional sports university, and acts as.

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Also, as the area was traditionally occupied by Manchus, the cuisine in Shenyang was fundamentally influenced by Manchu food, as well as the famous Manchu Han Imperial Feast.

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Shenyang'snyang has many shopping areas that provide necessities, luxuries and entertainments.

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The largest shopping mall in Shenyang is located on Middle Street, selling products from all around the world.

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Shenyang'snyang has one of the highest concentrations of educational institutes in China.

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Roughly 30 colleges and universities and numerous research and training institutions are located in Shenyang, including core institutes of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

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