22 Facts About Manchus


The Later Jin and Qing dynasties of China were established and ruled by the Manchus, who are descended from the Jurchen people who earlier established the Jin dynasty in northern China.

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Manchus are the largest minority group in China without an autonomous region.

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Manchus are descended from the Jurchen people who earlier established the Jin dynasty in China.

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Manchus practiced slash-and-burn agriculture in the areas north of Shenyang.

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The Qing Imperial Guard captain Batu was furious at the Manchus who adopted Han Chinese as their sons from slave and bondservant families in exchange for money and expressed his displeasure at them adopting Han Chinese instead of other Manchus.

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Manchu Banners contained a lot of "false Manchus" who were from Han Chinese civilian families but were adopted by Manchu bannermen after the Yongzheng reign.

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Thousands of Manchus fled south from Aigun during the fighting in the Boxer Rebellion in 1900, their cattle and horses then stolen by Russian Cossacks who razed their villages and homes.

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The official total of Manchus fell by more than half during this period, as they refused to admit their ethnicity when asked by government officials or other outsiders.

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Many Manchus joined the Fengtian clique, such as Xi Qia, a member of the Qing dynasty's imperial clan.

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Manchus are the largest ethnic minority in Liaoning, Hebei, Heilongjiang and Beijing; 2nd largest in Jilin, Inner Mongolia, Tianjin, Ningxia, Shaanxi and Shanxi and 3rd largest in Henan, Shandong and Anhui.

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Manchus implemented measures to "Manchufy" the other Tungusic peoples living around the Amur River basin.

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The southern Tungusic Manchus influenced the northern Tungusic peoples linguistically, culturally, and religiously.

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Today, in an effort to save Manchu culture from extinction, the older generation of Manchus are spending their own money and time to teach young people.

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Manchus's achievement is called "script with dots and circles" or "new Manchu script".

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However, after the Mongols extinguished the Jin dynasty, the Manchus started to adopt Mongol culture, including their custom of using only their given name until the end of the Qing dynasty, a practice confounding non-Manchus, leading them to conclude, erroneously, that they simply do not have family names.

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One of the common first name for the Manchus is Nikan, which is a Manchu exonym for the Han Chinese.

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Manchu clothes were simply modified Ming Hanfu but the Manchus promoted the misconception that their clothing was of different origin.

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Manchus originally did not have their own cloth or textiles and the Manchus had to obtain Ming dragon robes and cloth when they paid tribute to the Ming dynasty or traded with the Ming.

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The Ming robes were simply modified and changed by Manchus by cutting it at the sleeves and waist to make them narrow around the arms and waist instead of wide and added a new narrow cuff to the sleeves.

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The Manchus added sable fur skirts, cuffs and collars to Ming dragon robes and trimming sable fur all over them before wearing them.

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Manchus were affected by Chinese folk religions for most of the Qing dynasty.

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Manchus was considered as the God Protector of the Nation and was sincerely worshipped by Manchus.

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