28 Facts About Shandong


Shandong is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China and is part of the East China region.

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Shandong has played a major role in Chinese history since the beginning of Chinese civilization along the lower reaches of the Yellow River.

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Home to over 100 million inhabitants, Shandong is the world's sixth-most populous subnational entity, and China's second most populous province.

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The economy of Shandong is China's third largest provincial economy with a GDP of CNY¥8.

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Shandong stayed with the Northern dynasties for the rest of this period.

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Shandong was part of the Five Dynasties, all based in the north.

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Shandong was one of the first places in which the Boxer Rebellion started and became one of the uprising centers.

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Finally, Shandong reverted to Chinese control in 1922 after the United States' mediation during the Washington Naval Conference.

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Shandong was handed over to the Zhili clique of warlords, but after the Second Zhili–Fengtian War of 1924, the northeast China-based Fengtian clique took over.

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Shandong was succeeded by Han Fuju, who was loyal to the warlord Feng Yuxiang but later switched his allegiance to the Nanjing government headed by Chiang Kai-shek.

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Under the new government, parts of western Shandong were initially given to the short-lived Pingyuan Province, but this did not last.

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Shandong acquired the Xuzhou and Lianyungang areas from Jiangsu province, but this did not last either.

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The east of the province is the hilly Shandong Peninsula extending into the sea; it separates Bohai Sea in the northwest from the Yellow Sea to the east and south.

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Shandong Peninsula has a rocky coastline with cliffs, bays, and islands; the large Laizhou Bay, the southernmost of the three bays of Bohai Sea, is found to the north, between Dongying and Penglai; Jiaozhou Bay, which is much smaller, is found to the south, next to Qingdao.

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Shandong has a temperate climate, lying in the transition between the humid subtropical and humid continental zones with four distinct seasons.

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Shandong is part of the Eastern Block of the North China craton.

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The economy of Shandong is China's third largest provincial economy with a GDP of CNY¥8.

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Shandong produces bromine from underground wells and salt from seawater.

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Shandong is one of China's richest provinces, and its economic development focuses on large enterprises with well-known brand names.

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Shandong is the biggest industrial producer and one of the top manufacturing provinces in China.

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Shandong has benefited from South Korean and Japanese investment and tourism, due to its geographical proximity to those countries.

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Shandong citizens are known to have the tallest average height of any Chinese province.

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Predominant religions in Shandong are Chinese folk religions, Taoist traditions and Chinese Buddhism.

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Shandong's teachings, preserved in the Lunyu or Analects, form the foundation of much of subsequent Chinese speculation on the ideal man's education and comportment, how such an individual should live his life and interact with others, and the forms of society and government in which he should participate.

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Shandong is divided into sixteen prefecture-level divisions: all prefecture-level cities .

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Shandong cuisine is one of the eight great traditions of Chinese cuisine.

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The Jiaoji Railway is an important railway of Shandong, linking its two largest cities of Qingdao and Jinan, with the longest history of all.

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Shandong has one of the densest and highest quality expressway networks among all Chinese provinces.

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