34 Facts About Chinese Buddhism


Chinese Buddhism or Han Buddhism is a Chinese form of Mahayana Buddhism which has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine and material culture.

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Chinese Buddhism is the largest institutionalized religion in Mainland China.

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Currently, there are an estimated 185 to 250 million Chinese Buddhism Buddhists in the People's Republic of China It is a major religion in Taiwan and among the Chinese Buddhism Diaspora.

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Chinese Buddhism was first introduced to China during the Han Dynasty .

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Chinese Buddhism developed various unique traditions of Buddhist thought and practice, including Tiantai, Huayan, Chan Buddhism and Pure Land Buddhism.

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From its inception, Chinese Buddhism has been influenced by native Chinese religions and philosophy, especially Confucianism and Taoism, but Chinese folk religion.

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The maritime route hypothesis, favored by Liang Qichao and Paul Pelliot, proposed that Chinese Buddhism was originally practiced in southern China, the Yangtze River and Huai River region.

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View that Chinese Buddhism was transmitted to China by the sea route comparatively lacks convincing and supporting materials, and some arguments are not sufficiently rigorous.

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French sinologist Henri Maspero says it is a "very curious fact" that, throughout the entire Han dynasty, Daoism and Chinese Buddhism were "constantly confused and appeared as single religion".

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Early Chinese Buddhism was conflated and mixed with Daoism, and it was within Daoist circles that it found its first adepts.

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Chinese Buddhism worked to establish Buddhist temples in Luoyang and organized the translation of Buddhist scriptures into Chinese, testifying to the beginning of a wave of Central Asian Buddhist proselytism that was to last several centuries.

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However, Chinese Buddhism was often associated with Taoism in its ascetic meditative tradition, and for this reason a concept-matching system was used by some early Indian translators, to adapt native Buddhist ideas onto Daoist ideas and terminology.

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Gentry Chinese Buddhism was a medium of introduction for the beginning of Chinese Buddhism in China, it gained imperial and courtly support.

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Chinese Buddhism was especially valued by Emperor Yao Xing of the state of Later Qin, who gave him an honorific title and treated him like a god.

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Chinese Buddhism translated central Yogacara texts such as the Samdhinirmocana Sutra and the Yogacarabhumi Sastra, as well as important texts such as the Mahaprajnaparamita Sutra and the Bhaisajyaguruvaiduryaprabharaja Sutra .

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Chinese Buddhism is credited with writing or compiling the Cheng Weishi Lun as composed from multiple commentaries on Vasubandhu's Trimsika-vijnaptimatrata.

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Master Huiguo, a disciple of Amoghavajra, imparted some esoteric Buddhist teachings to Kukai, one of the many Japanese monks who came to Tang China to study Chinese Buddhism, including the Mandala of the Two Realms, the Womb Realm and the Diamond Realm.

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Opposition to Chinese Buddhism accumulated over time during the Tang dynasty, culminating in the Great Anti-Buddhist Persecution under Emperor Tang Wuzong.

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Chinese Buddhism's sayings did not concern the ways of our ancient kings, nor did his manner of dress conform to their laws.

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Chinese Buddhism understood neither the duties that bind sovereign and subject, nor the affections of father and son.

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Wuzong cited that Chinese Buddhism was an alien religion, which is the reason he persecuted the Christians in China.

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Chinese Buddhism directed practitioners in the use of mantras as well as scripture reading.

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Chinese Buddhism was renowned as a lecturer and commentator and admired for his strict adherence to the precepts.

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One of the most prominent bodhisattvas in Chinese Buddhism is Guanyin, known as Goddess of Compassion, Mercy, and Love, and a protector and savior for those who worship and needs her aid.

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Chinese Buddhism founded Fo Guang Shan monastery in 1967, and the Buddha's Light International Association in 1992.

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Chinese Buddhism's was a direct student of Master Ying Shun, a major figure in the early development of Humanistic Buddhism in Taiwan.

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Chinese Buddhism's founded the Buddhist Compassion Relief Tzu Chi Foundation, ordinarily referred to as Tzu Chi in 1966.

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Chinese Esoteric Buddhism is subject to a revitalization in both Taiwan and China, largely through connections and support from Kongobu-ji, the head temple of the Koyasan Shingon-shu and its affiliate temples.

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Chinese Buddhism suffered extensive repression, persecution and destruction during the Cultural Revolution .

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The monk Yixing, a dharma heir of Dixian who was the forty-seventh generation lineage holder of Tiantai Chinese Buddhism, was appointed as the acting abbot of Guoqing Temple and helped to restore Guanzong Temple, both of which remain major centres of Tiantai Chinese Buddhism in China.

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Chinese Esoteric Buddhism was revived on the mainland, similar to the situation in Taiwan.

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Chinese Buddhism is mainly practiced by Overseas Chinese communities in Southeast Asia.

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Chinese Buddhism went on to found the City Of Ten Thousand Buddhas, a monastery and retreat center located on a 237-acre property near Ukiah, California.

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In Chinese Buddhism, lay Buddhist practitioners have traditionally played an important role, and lay practice of Buddhism has had similar tendencies to those of monastic Buddhism in China.

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