20 Facts About Chinese Buddhism

1. Chinese Buddhism is finding a receptive audience among China's urban middle class.

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2. Chinese Buddhism developed in China through its interaction with other Chinese religions, particularly Taoism.

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3. Chinese Buddhism evolved through the study of sutras in Chinese.

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4. Chinese Buddhism entered China mostly in the Mahayana form as it was going through many changes in India.

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5. Chinese Buddhism was of the Mahayana school, so named to distinguish it from the earlier form of Buddhism known as Hinayana (Lesser Vehicle).

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6. Chinese Buddhism was happy to see the arrival of Japanese student monk Kukai and tried to teach him every details in Esoteric Buddhism at that time, consisting of two major divisions, the Womb Realm and the Diamond Realm.

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7. Chinese Buddhism eventually became the state religion of China and different leaders both domestic and foreign used Buddhism as a means to unify the people.

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8. Chinese Buddhism finally started to appear in China around 65 BC.

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9. Chinese Buddhism caught on most quickly in northern China, where the belief was patronized by a number of rulers, and spread southward with the migration of Han Chinese.

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10. Chinese Buddhism was introduced to China by India over 2000 years ago during the Han dynasty.

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11. Chinese Buddhism became popular, and people built Buddhist temple sites such as the Bingling Grottoes and the Mogao Grottoes.

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12. Chinese Buddhism has had a long history in China, and native Buddhist religions developed that are accepted by Chinese Buddhists.

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13. Chinese Buddhism is mainly practiced by ethnic Han-Chinese in Southeast Asia.

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14. Chinese Buddhism founded Fo Guang Shan monastery in 1967, and the Buddha's Light International Association in 1992.

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15. Chinese Buddhism directed practitioners in the use of mantras as well as scripture reading.

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16. Chinese Buddhism is credited with writing or compiling the Cheng Weishi Lun as composed from multiple commentaries on Vasubandhu's Trimsika-vijnaptimatrata.

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17. Chinese Buddhism translated central Yogacara texts such as the Samdhinirmocana Sutra and the Yogacarabhumi Sastra, as well as important texts such as the Mahaprajnaparamita Sutra and the Bhaisajyaguruvaiduryaprabharaja Sutra.

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18. Chinese Buddhism is credited with the translation of some 1,330 fascicles of scriptures into Chinese.

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19. Chinese Buddhism worked to establish Buddhist temples in Luoyang and organized the translation of Buddhist scriptures into Chinese, testifying to the beginning of a wave of Central Asian Buddhist proselytism that was to last several centuries.

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20. Chinese Buddhism is marked by the interaction between Indian religions, Chinese religion, and Taoism.

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