33 Facts About Jiangsu


Jiangsu is an eastern coastal province of the People's Republic of China.

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Jiangsu is the third smallest, but the fifth most populous and the most densely populated of the 23 provinces of the People's Republic of China.

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Jiangsu has the highest GDP per capita of Chinese provinces and second-highest GDP of Chinese provinces, after Guangdong.

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Jiangsu has a coastline of over 1, 000 kilometres along the Yellow Sea, and the Yangtze River passes through the southern part of the province.

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Since the Sui and Tang dynasties, Jiangsu has been a national economic and commercial center, partly due to the construction of the Grand Canal.

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Jiangsu is home to many of the world's leading exporters of electronic equipment, chemicals and textiles.

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Jiangsu is one of the leading provinces in research and education in China.

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Jiangsu has many highly ranked educational institutions, with 16 number of universities listed in the Double First-Class Universities, ranking second after Beijing.

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Jiangsu's name is a compound of the first elements of the names of the two cities of Jiangning and Suzhou.

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Under the reign of the Han dynasty, Jiangsu was removed from the centers of civilization in the North China Plain, and was administered under two zhou (provinces): Xu Province in the north, and Yang Province in the south.

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Cities in southern and central Jiangsu swelled with the influx of migrants from the north.

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Jurchen Jin dynasty gained control of North China in 1127 during the Jin-Song wars, and Huai River, which used to cut through north Jiangsu to reach the Yellow Sea, was the border between the north, under the Jin, and the south, under the Southern Song dynasty.

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Jiangsu's borders have been for the most part stable since then.

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Jiangsu changed hands several times, but in April 1927, Chiang Kai-shek established a government at Nanking; he was able to bring most of China under his control.

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Nanjing was the seat of the collaborationist government of East China under Wang Jingwei, and Jiangsu remained under Japanese occupation until the end of the war in 1945.

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The decisive Huaihai Campaign was fought in northern Jiangsu; it resulted in Kuomintang defeat, and the communists were soon able to cross the Yangtze River and take Nanking.

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The economic reforms of Deng Xiaoping initially focused on the south coast of China, in Guangdong province, which soon left Jiangsu behind; starting from the 1990s they were applied more evenly to the rest of China.

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Jiangsu is flat, with plains covering 68 percent of its total area.

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Jiangsu has a well-developed irrigation system, which earned it the moniker of (shuixiang "land of water").

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Large lakes in Jiangsu include Lake Tai, Lake Hongze, Lake Gaoyou, Lake Luoma, and Lake Yangcheng.

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Jiangsu is divided into thirteen prefecture-level divisions, all prefecture-level cities:.

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Politics of Jiangsu is structured in a one party government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

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Governor of Jiangsu is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Jiangsu.

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Jiangsu is an important producer of freshwater fish and other aquatic products.

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Jiangsu has coal, petroleum, and natural gas deposits, but its most significant mineral products are non-metal minerals such as halite, sulfur, phosphorus, and marble.

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Jiangsu is historically oriented toward light industries such as textiles and food industry.

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Since 1949, Jiangsu has developed heavy industries such as chemical industry and construction materials.

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Jiangsu contains over 100 different economic and technological development zones devoted to different types of investments.

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Predominant religions in Jiangsu are Chinese folk religions, Taoist traditions and Chinese Buddhism.

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Jiangsu is home to one of the most extensive transportation networks in China.

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Jiangsu is en route of the Jinghu railway from Beijing to Shanghai, as well as the high speed line between the two cities completed in 2011.

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Xuzhou, a city in northeast Jiangsu, is a very important railway junction in the province as well as the whole of China.

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Jiangsu cuisine is one of the eight great traditions of the cuisine of China.

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