24 Facts About Guangdong


Guangdong, alternatively romanized as Canton or Kwangtung, is a coastal province in South China on the north shore of the South China Sea.

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Province of Guangdong surpassed Henan and Shandong to become the most populous province in China in January 2005, registering 79.

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The vast majority of the historical Guangdong Province is administered by the People's Republic of China .

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Since 1989, Guangdong has topped the total GDP rankings among all provincial-level divisions, with Jiangsu and Shandong second and third in rank.

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Guangdong has benefited from its proximity to the financial hub of Hong Kong, which it borders to the south.

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Guangdong was the birthplace of the father of modern China and the founder of the Republic of China, Sun Yat-sen where he later declared a military government in the Warlord Era.

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Under the Wu Kingdom of the Three Kingdoms period, Guangdong was made its own province, the Guang Province, in 226 CE.

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Together with Guangxi, Guangdong was made part of Lingnan Circuit, or Mountain-South Circuit, in 627 during the Tang dynasty.

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Since the 16th century, Guangdong has had extensive trade links with the rest of the world.

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In 1952, a small section of Guangdong's coastline was given to Guangxi, giving it access to the sea.

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Guangdong has been the largest province by GDP since 1989 in Mainland China.

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The economic growth of Guangdong province owes much to the low-value-added manufacturing which characterized the province's economy following Deng Xiaoping's reforms.

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Guangdong is not only China's largest exporter of goods, it is the country's largest importer as well.

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The affluence of Guangdong remains very concentrated near the Pearl River Delta.

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Guangdong is the ancestral home of large numbers of overseas Chinese.

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Guangdong has a highly unbalanced gender ratio that is among the highest of all provinces in China.

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Guangdong is governed by a dual-party system like the rest of China.

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Hong Kong and Macau, while historically parts of Guangdong before becoming colonies of the United Kingdom and Portugal, respectively, are special administrative regions .

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Hakka people live in large areas of Guangdong, including Huizhou, Meizhou, Shenzhen, Heyuan, Shaoguan and other areas.

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Much of the Eastern part of Guangdong is populated by the Hakka people except for the Chaozhou and Hailufeng area.

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Zhanjiang in southern Guangdong is dominated by the Leizhou dialect, a variety of Minnan; Cantonese and Hakka are spoken there.

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Guangdong Province is notable for being the birthplace of many famous Xiangqi grandmasters such as Lu Qin, Yang Guanli, Cai Furu and Xu Yinchuan.

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Guangdong is the seat of 14 adult higher education institutions.

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Guangdong is divided into twenty-one prefecture-level divisions: all prefecture-level cities :.

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