38 Facts About Hakka


Genetic studies have shown that the Hakka people are largely descended from North Han Chinese.

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Hakka people have had significant influence on the course of modern Chinese and overseas Chinese history; in particular, they have been a source of many government and military leaders—in 1984, over half of the Standing Committee of the Chinese Communist Party Politburo were Hakka.

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Hakka language is the most closely related to Gan and is sometimes classified as a variety of Gan, with a few northern Hakka varieties even being partially mutually intelligible with southern Gan.

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The Hakka people have a distinct identity from the Cantonese people.

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Hakka culture have been largely shaped by the new environment which they had to alter many aspects their culture to adapt, which helped influence their architecture and cuisine.

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Hakka Chinese is the native Chinese variety of the Hakka people.

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Hakka Chinese is the closest Chinese variety to Gan Chinese in terms of phonetics, with scholars studies consider the late Old Gan together with Hakka Chinese and the Tongtai dialect of Jianghuai Mandarin to have been the lingua franca of the Southern Dynasties.

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Hakka cuisine is known for the use of preserved meats and tofu as well as stewed and braised dishes.

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Historically, Hakka women did not bind their feet when the practice was commonplace in China.

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Hakka people built several types of tulou and peasant fortified villages in the mountainous rural parts of far western Fujian and adjacent southern Jiangxi and northern Guangdong regions.

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Religious practices of Hakka people are largely similar to those of other Han Chinese.

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Hakka populations are found in 13 out of the 27 provinces and autonomous regions of mainland China.

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Tradition states that the early Hakka ancestors traveling from north China entered Fujian first, then by way of the Ting River they traveled to Guangdong and other parts of China, as well as overseas.

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Ganzhou was the place that the Hakka have settled before migrating to Western Fujian and Eastern Guangdong.

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Hakka offered financial assistance to those willing to resettle in Sichuan: eight ounces of silver per man and four ounces per woman or child.

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Hakka people are mainly concentrated in Liuyang and Liling villages.

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Hakka-speaking communities are thought to have arrived in the Hong Kong area after the rescinding of the coastal evacuation order in 1688, such as the Hakka speaking Lee clan lineage of Wo Hang, one of whose ancestors is recorded as arriving in the area in 1688.

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The rural Hakka population began to decline as people moved abroad, and away to work in the urban areas.

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The early Hakka immigrants were the island's first agriculturalists and formed the nucleus of the Chinese population, numbering tens of thousands at the time.

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Hakka used their matchlock muskets to resist the Japanese invasion of Taiwan and Hakka Han people and Aboriginals conducted an insurgency against Japanese rule.

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The Hakka rose up against the Japanese in the Beipu uprising.

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In recent decades, many Hakka have moved to the largest metropolitan areas, including Taipei and Taichung.

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On 28 December 1988,14,000 Hakka protestors took to the streets in Taipei to demand the Nationalist government to "return our mother tongue", carrying portraits of Sun Yat-sen.

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Hakka-related affairs in Taiwan are regulated by the Hakka Affairs Council.

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Hakka have emigrated to many countries worldwide, notably Americas, Guyana, Suriname, Britain, India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, Indonesia, Timor-Leste, Cambodia and Burma.

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Hakka people emigrated to many countries in Europe, including Britain, Italy, France, Portugal, Spain, Germany, Austria, Belgium, Sweden and Netherlands.

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Hakka tried to bring the two parties together and persuaded them to dissolve the associations in order to set up a new united one.

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Hakka is the lingua franca among the Chinese in Sabah to such an extent that Chinese of other subgroups who migrate to Sabah from other states in Malaysia and elsewhere usually learn the Hakka dialect, with varying degrees of fluency.

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Hakka immigration began to taper off during World War 2 and declined to a negligible level in the late 1940s.

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In Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, Hakka people are sometimes known as Khek, from the Hokkien pronunciation kheh of ?.

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Hakka spoken in Belinyu area in Bangka is considered to be standard.

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Since the independence of East Timor in 2000, some Hakka families had returned and invested in businesses in the newborn nation.

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Hakka arrivals were halted along with other Chinese immigrants during the White Australia Policy era from 1901 to 1973 and resumed thereafter.

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In 2000, the worldwide population of Hakka was estimated at 36,059,500 and in 2010 it was estimated at 40,745,200.

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Hakka's following, who were initially Hakka peasants from Guangxi, grew across the southern provinces.

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Hakka occupied communist Bases reached a peak of more than 30,000 square kilometres and a population that numbered more than three million, covering mostly Hakka areas of two provinces: Jiangxi and Fujian.

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In Guangdong, China's most prosperous province, the "Hakka clique" has consistently dominated the provincial government.

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Guangdong's Hakka governors include Ye Jianying, Ding Sheng, Ye Xuanping and Huang Huahua.

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