35 Facts About Spain

1. The largest part of Spain is situated on the Iberian Peninsula; its territory includes the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla in Africa.

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2. Spain is a developed country, a secular parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.

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3. Spain is a member of the United Nations, the European Union (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the Organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and many other international organisations.

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4. Habsburg Spain was one of the leading world powers throughout the 16th century and most of the 17th century, a position reinforced by trade and wealth from colonial possessions and became the world's leading maritime power.

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5. Spain managed to hold on to most of the scattered Habsburg empire, and help the imperial forces of the Holy Roman Empire reverse a large part of the advances made by Protestant forces, but it was finally forced to recognise the separation of Portugal and the United Provinces, and eventually suffered some serious military reverses to France in the latter stages of the immensely destructive, Europe-wide Thirty Years' War.

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6. In 1793, Spain went to war against the revolutionary new French Republic as a member of the first Coalition.

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7. French occupation of Mainland Spain created an opportunity for overseas criollo elites who resented the privilege towards Peninsular elites and demanded retroversion of the sovereignty to the people.

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8. El Desastre, as the war became known in Spain, gave added impetus to the Generation of '98 who were analyzing the country.

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9. In March 2021, Spain became the sixth nation in the world to make active euthanasia legal.

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10. Spain is a transcontinental country, having territory in both Europe and Africa.

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11. Spain includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and a number of uninhabited islands on the Mediterranean side of the Strait of Gibraltar, known as, such as the Chafarinas Islands and Alhucemas.

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12. Mainland Spain is a rather mountainous landmass, dominated by high plateaus and mountain chains.

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13. The highest point in Spain is the Teide, a 3,718-metre active volcano in the Canary Islands.

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14. Vegetation of Spain is varied due to several factors including the diversity of the terrain, the climate and latitude.

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15. Spain includes different phytogeographic regions, each with its own floral characteristics resulting largely from the interaction of climate, topography, soil type and fire, and biotic factors.

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16. On 5 July 2013, Spain sent a letter to the UN expressing these views.

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17. Armed forces of Spain are known as the Spanish Armed Forces.

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18. Spain provides one of the highest degrees of liberty in the world for its LGBT community.

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19. Spain is the second biggest foreign investor there, after the United States.

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20. In 2015 Spain was the 8th largest automobile producer country in the world and the 2nd largest car manufacturer in Europe after Germany.

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21. Ideal growing conditions, combined with proximity to important north European markets, made citrus fruits Spain's leading export.

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22. In 2017, Spain was the second most visited country in the world, recording 82 million tourists which marked the fifth consecutive year of record-beating numbers.

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23. In 2010 Spain became the solar power world leader when it overtook the United States with a massive power station plant called La Florida, near Alvarado, Badajoz.

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24. Non-renewable energy sources used in Spain are nuclear, gas, coal, and oil.

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25. Spain was ranked 30th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, down from 29th in 2019.

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26. In 2017, the average total fertility rate across Spain was 1.33 children born per woman, one of the lowest in the world, below the replacement rate of 2.1, it remains considerably below the high of 5.11 children born per woman in 1865.

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27. In 2005, Spain instituted a three-month amnesty programme through which certain hitherto undocumented aliens were granted legal residency.

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28. In 2008, Spain granted citizenship to 84,170 persons, mostly to people from Ecuador, Colombia and Morocco.

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29. Many foreign residents in Spain come from other Western and Central European countries.

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30. State education in Spain is free and compulsory from the age of six to sixteen.

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31. Roman Catholicism, which has a long history in Spain, remains the dominant religion.

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32. Spain is a Western country and one of the major Latin countries of Europe.

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33. Spain is currently experiencing a revolution in contemporary architecture and Spanish architects like Rafael Moneo, Santiago Calatrava, Ricardo Bofill as well as many others have gained worldwide renown.

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34. Today, Spain is a major world sports powerhouse, especially since the 1992 Summer Olympics and Paralympics that were hosted in Barcelona, which stimulated a great deal of interest in sports in the country.

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35. Public holidays celebrated in Spain include a mix of religious, national and local observances.

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