36 Facts About Catalonia


Catalonia is an autonomous community of Spain, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.

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Catalonia is administratively divided into four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, and Tarragona.

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Between 1812 and 1814, Catalonia was annexed to France and organized as four departments.

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Catalonia was divided, the coast and most industrialized areas support liberalism, while many inland areas were in the hands of the Carlist faction, as the latter proposed to reestablish the institutional systems suppressed by the Nueva Planta decrees in the ancient realms of the Crown of Aragon.

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Under the hegemony of the Regionalist League, Catalonia gained a degree of administrative unity for the first time in the Modern era.

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Today, Catalonia remains one of the most economically dynamic communities of Spain.

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New Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, approved after a referendum in 2006, was contested by important sectors of the Spanish society, especially by the conservative People's Party, which sent the law to the Constitutional Court of Spain.

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Catalonia has a marked geographical diversity, considering the relatively small size of its territory.

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The highest mountain of Catalonia, located north of the comarca of Pallars Sobira is the Pica d'Estats, followed by the Puigpedros .

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Catalonia is a showcase of European landscapes on a small scale.

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Much of Catalonia enjoys a Mediterranean climate, which makes many of the animals that live there adapted to Mediterranean ecosystems.

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Principal rivers in Catalonia are the Ter, Llobregat, and the Ebro, all of which run into the Mediterranean.

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Artur Mas, then the president of Catalonia, organised early elections that took place on 27 September 2015.

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Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia is the fundamental organic law, second only to the Spanish Constitution from which the Statute originates.

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The court accepted the specific provision that described Catalonia as a "nation", however ruled that it was a historical and cultural term with no legal weight, and that Spain remained the only nation recognised by the constitution.

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Parliament of Catalonia is the unicameral legislative body of the Generalitat and represents the people of Catalonia.

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President of the Generalitat of Catalonia is the highest representative of Catalonia, and is responsible of leading the government's action, presiding the Executive Council.

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Catalonia has its own police force, the, whose origins date back to the 18th century.

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Navarre, the Basque Country and Catalonia are the Spanish communities with the highest degree of autonomy in terms of law enforcement.

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Catalonia is organised territorially into provinces, further subdivided into comarques and municipalities.

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The 2006 Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia establishes the administrative organisation of three local authorities: vegueries, comarques, and municipalities.

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Catalonia is divided administratively into four provinces, the governing body of which is the Provincial Deputation .

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Catalonia's rating is tied for worst with between 1 and 5 other autonomous communities of Spain, depending on the rating agency.

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Catalonia is amongst the List of country subdivisions by GDP over 100 billion US dollars and is a member of the Four Motors for Europe organisation.

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Airports in Catalonia are owned and operated by Aena except two airports in Lleida which are operated by Aeroports de Catalunya .

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Since the Middle Ages, Catalonia has been well integrated into international maritime networks.

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Catalonia saw the first railway construction in the Iberian Peninsula in 1848, linking Barcelona with Mataro.

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The other languages with official status in Catalonia are Spanish, which has official status throughout Spain, and Aranese Occitan, which is spoken in Val d'Aran.

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In Catalonia, there is a high social and political consensus on the language policies favoring Catalan, among Spanish speakers and speakers of other languages.

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Catalonia has given to the world many important figures in the area of the art.

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On 28 July 2010, second only after the Canary Islands, Catalonia became another Spanish territory to forbid bullfighting.

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In Catalonia there is a wide variety of local and comarcal media.

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Catalonia has a long tradition of use of radio, the first regular radio broadcast in the country was from Radio Barcelona in 1924.

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Motorsport has a long tradition in Catalonia, which involving many people, with some world champions and several competitions organized since the beginning of the 20th century.

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Catalonia hosted many relevant international sport events, such as the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, and the 1955 Mediterranean Games, the 2013 World Aquatics Championships or the 2018 Mediterranean Games.

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Catalonia has its own representative and distinctive national symbols such as:.

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