31 Facts About Western Roman Empire


Western Roman Empire comprised the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court; in particular, this term is used in historiography to describe the period from 286 to 476, where there were separate coequal courts dividing the governance of the empire in the Western and the Eastern provinces, with a distinct imperial succession in the separate courts.

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The Western Roman Empire collapsed in 476, and the Western imperial court in Ravenna was formally dissolved by Justinian in 554.

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The Empire featured many distinct cultures, all experienced a gradual Romanization.

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Roman Empire was under the rule of a single emperor, but, with the death of Constantine in 337, the empire was partitioned between his surviving male heirs.

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Julian was killed in 363 in the Battle of Samarra against the Persian Western Roman Empire and was succeeded by Jovian, who ruled for only nine months.

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Western Roman Empire immediately divided the Empire , giving the eastern half to his brother Valens.

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Western Roman Empire was the last emperor to rule both parts of the Roman Empire before the West fragmented and collapsed.

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Western Roman Empire broke the betrothal between Huneric, son of the Vandal king Gaiseric, and Eudocia, daughter of Valentinian III.

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Western Roman Empire disbanded his guard due to popular pressure, and the Suebian general Ricimer used the opportunity to depose Avitus, counting on popular discontent.

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The relationship between Anthemius and the East was good, Anthemius is the last Western Roman Empire emperor recorded in an Eastern law, and the two courts conducted a joint operation to retake Africa from the Vandals, culminating in the disastrous Battle of Cape Bon in 468.

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The Eastern Western Roman Empire had rejected Olybrius and rejected Glycerius, instead supporting a candidate of their own, Julius Nepos, magister militum in Dalmatia.

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Furthermore, the Western Roman Empire court had lacked true power and had been subject to Germanic aristocrats for decades, with most of its legal territory being under control of various barbarian kingdoms.

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In many places, the Western Roman Empire institutions collapsed along with the economic stability.

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In some regions, notably Gaul and Italy, the settlement of barbarians on former Western Roman Empire lands seems to have caused relatively little disruption, with barbarian rulers using and modifying the Western Roman Empire systems already in place.

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Some territories under direct Western Roman Empire control continued to exist in the West even after 480.

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Relations between the Franks and the Eastern Western Roman Empire appear to have been positive, with Emperor Anastasius granting Clovis the title of consul following his victory against the Visigoths.

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Mauro-Western Roman Empire realm survived in the province of Mauretania Caesariensis until the early 8th century.

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Under Odoacer, Western consuls continued to be appointed as they had been under the Western Roman Empire and were accepted by the Eastern Court, the first being Caecina Decius Maximus Basilus in 480.

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Western Roman Empire refused to recognize him as a "Roman Emperor", instead recognizing him as the slightly less prestigious "Emperor of the Franks".

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Western Roman Empire numerals continue to be used in some fields and situations, though they have largely been replaced by Arabic numerals.

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The Pope has consistently held the title of "Pontifex Maximus" since before the fall of the Western Roman Empire and retains it to this day; this title formerly used by the high priest of the Roman polytheistic religion, one of whom was Julius Caesar.

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The first time the Western Roman Empire was divided geographically was during the reign of Diocletian, but there was precedent for multiple emperors.

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Pope Leo III and contemporary historians were fully aware of that the notion of a separate Western court had been abolished over three centuries prior and considered the Roman Empire to be "one and indivisible".

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Irene was deposed and replaced by Emperor Nikephoros soon after, and the Eastern Western Roman Empire refused to recognize the Imperial title of Charlemagne.

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Western Roman Empire became Western emperor in 286, with the establishment of the Tetrarchy.

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Western Roman Empire succeeded in capturing the Western Empire in 307, and had Severus killed soon after.

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Western Roman Empire was the sole Western emperor from 312 to 324, when he became both Western emperor and Eastern emperor.

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Western Roman Empire divided the Empire between himself and his younger brother, Valens, giving himself the West and Valens the East.

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Valentinian II fled to the Eastern Roman Empire, and convinced Theodosius to invade the Western Roman Empire and restore him to the Western Roman throne, which he did in 388.

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Western Roman Empire's reign was beset by barbarian invasions, and for much of his early reign, until 408, he was controlled by Stilicho, whose influence over Honorius would create a standard for puppet Western Emperors.

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Western Roman Empire was installed as Western emperor in 425, after Joannes was defeated by Theodosius in Ravenna.

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