23 Facts About Dalmatia


Dalmatia is one of the four historical regions of Croatia, alongside Croatia proper, Slavonia, and Istria.

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Dalmatia is a narrow belt of the east shore of the Adriatic Sea, stretching from the island of Rab in the north to the Bay of Kotor in the south.

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At one time, most of Dalmatia came under rule of the Republic of Venice, which controlled most of Dalmatia between 1420 and 1797, with the exception of the small but stable Republic of Ragusa in the south.

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Regional name Dalmatia has the same root as the tribal name Dalmatae and the toponym Delminium.

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Dalmatia is referenced in the New Testament at 2 Timothy 4:10, therefore the name has been translated in many of the world's languages.

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Dalmatia signified not only a geographical unit, but was an entity based on common culture and settlement types, a common narrow eastern Adriatic coastal belt, Mediterranean climate, sclerophyllous vegetation of the Illyrian province, Adriatic carbonate platform, and karst geomorphology.

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Dalmatia is today a historical region only, not formally instituted in Croatian law.

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Dalmatia includes several national parks that are tourist attractions: Paklenica karst river, Kornati archipelago, Krka river rapids, and Mljet island.

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Dalmatia's name is derived from the name of an Illyrian tribe called the Dalmatae who lived in the area of the eastern Adriatic coast in the 1st millennium BC.

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The name "Dalmatia" was in use probably from the second half of the 2nd century BC and certainly from the first half of the 1st century BC, defining a coastal area of the eastern Adriatic between the Krka and Neretva rivers.

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The meaning of the geographical term "Dalmatia" now shrank to the coastal cities and their immediate hinterland.

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From 1420 to 1797 the Republic of Venice controlled most of Dalmatia, calling it Esclavonia in the 15th century with the southern enclave, the Bay of Kotor, being called Albania Veneta.

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Napoleon's rule in Dalmatia was marked with war and high taxation, which caused several rebellions.

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At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Dalmatia was granted as a province to the Emperor of Austria.

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However, after 1866, when the Veneto and Friuli regions were ceded by the Austrians to the newly formed Kingdom Italy, Dalmatia remained part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, together with other Italian-speaking areas on the eastern Adriatic.

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The Italians in Dalmatia supported the Italian Risorgimento: as a consequence, the Austrians saw the Italians as enemies and favored the Slav communities of Dalmatia.

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Dalmatia's Majesty calls the central offices to the strong duty to proceed in this way to what has been established.

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Two years later Dalmatia elected representatives to the Austrian Imperial Council.

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Dalmatia was a strategic region during World War I that both Italy and Serbia intended to seize from Austria-Hungary.

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Famous Italian nationalist Gabriele D'Annunzio supported the seizure of Dalmatia, and proceeded to Zadar in an Italian warship in December 1918.

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In 1922, the territory of the former Kingdom of Dalmatia was divided into two provinces, the Oblast of Split and the Oblast of Dubrovnik.

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The southern parts of Dalmatia were in Zeta Banovina, from the Bay of Kotor to Peljesac peninsula including Dubrovnik.

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Territory of former Kingdom of Dalmatia was divided between two federal republics of Yugoslavia and most of the territory went to Croatia, leaving only the Bay of Kotor to Montenegro.

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