35 Facts About Zadar


Zadar is the oldest continuously inhabited Croatian city.

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Zadar serves as the seat of Zadar County and of the wider northern Dalmatian region.

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In 998 Zadar swore allegiance to Doge Pietro Orseolo II and became a vassal of the Republic of Venice.

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Today, Zadar is a historical center of Dalmatia, Zadar County's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, educational, and transportation centre.

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Zadar has a borderline humid subtropical and Mediterranean climate .

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Zadar was a Liburnian settlement, laid out in the 9th century BC, built on a small stone islet and embankments where the old city stands and tied to the mainland by the overflown narrow isthmus, which created a natural port in its northern strait.

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People of Zadar, Iadasinoi, were first mentioned in 384 BC as the allies of the natives of Hvar and the leaders of an eastern Adriatic coast coalition in the fight against the Greek colonizers.

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In 49 BC near the island of Krk, the "Navy of Zadar", equipped by the fleets of a few Liburnian cities and supported by some Roman ships, lost an important naval battle against Pompey supporting the "Liburnian navy".

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Already by the end of the 3rd century Zadar had its own bishop and founding of its Christian community took place; a new religious centre was built north of the forum together with a basilica and a baptistery, as well as other ecclesiastical buildings.

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The Dalmatian capital Salona was captured and destroyed in the 640s, so Zadar became the new seat of the Byzantine archonty of Dalmatia, territorially reduced to a few coastal cities with their agers and municipal lands at the coast and the islands nearby.

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The prior of Zadar had jurisdiction over all Byzantine Dalmatia, so Zadar enjoyed metropolitan status at the eastern Adriatic coast.

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Zadar's economy revolved around the sea, fishing and sea trade in the first centuries of the Middle Ages.

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In 998, Zadar sought Venetian protection against the Neretvian pirates.

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Zadar citizens started to work for the full independence of Zadar and from the 1030s the city was formally a vassal of the Byzantine Empire.

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Later, after the death of king Dmitar Zvonimir in 1089 and ensuing dynastic run-ins, in 1105 Zadar accepted the rule of the first Croato-Hungarian king, Coloman, King of Hungary.

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Zadar was especially devastated in 1202 after the Venetian Doge Enrico Dandolo used the crusaders, on their Fourth Crusade to Palestine, to lay siege to the city.

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Nonetheless, Zadar was devastated and captured, with the population escaping into the surrounding countryside.

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The only profit which the Communal Council of Zadar derived from this was one third of the city's harbour taxes, probably insufficient even for the most indispensable communal needs.

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Zadar was, thus sold back to the Venetians for a paltry sum.

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Thanks to its political and trading achievements, and to its skilled seamen, Zadar played an important role among the cities on the east coast of the Adriatic.

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Zadar was placed under the control of the Italian Social Republic.

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Zadar has been called the "Dresden of the Adriatic" because of perceived similarities to the Allied bombing of Dresden.

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In 1947, Zadar became part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Socialist Republic of Croatia.

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Yugoslav People's Army and forces of the SAO Krajina occupied parts of Zadar's hinterland, converged on the city and subjected it to artillery bombardment during the Battle of Zadar.

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Between the 15th and 17th centuries Zadar was an important Renaissance center, producing an array of Italian Dalmatia architects, sculptors, painters and scholars such as Giorgio da Sebenico, Laurana and Francesco Laurana, Giorgio Ventura, Andrea Meldolla and Giovanni Francesco Fortunio .

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Zadar was, along with Split and Dubrovnik, one of the centres of the development of Croatian literature.

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Administrative area of the City of Zadar includes the nearby villages of Babindub, Crno, Kozino and Petrcane, as well as the islands of Ist, Iz, Molat, Olib, Premuda, Rava and Silba.

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Zadar is divided into 21 local districts: Arbanasi, Bili Brig, Bokanjac, Brodarica, Crvene Kuce, Diklo, Dracevac, Jazine I, Jazine II, Maslina, Novi Bokanjac, Poluotok, Ploca, Puntamika, Ricina, Sinjoretovo, Smiljevac, Stanovi, Vidikovac, Visnjik, Vostarnica.

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Zadar was elected for a second term on local elections held on 21 May 2021.

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Farmland just northeast of Zadar, Ravni Kotari, is a well known source of marasca cherries.

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University of Zadar was founded by the Dominicans in 1396 as Universitas Iadertina, a theological seminary.

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In 1998, Zadar hosted the Central European Olympiad in Informatics .

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Zadar has an international ferry line to Ancona in Italy.

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Zadar is the hometown of Croatian handball player Ivan Nincevic and football players Luka Modric, Sime Vrsaljko and Danijel Subasic.

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Zadar is twinned, or maintains cultural, economic and educational ties with:.

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