Dresden is the capital city of the German state of Saxony and its second most populous city, after Leipzig.
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Dresden has a long history as the capital and royal residence for the Electors and Kings of Saxony, who for centuries furnished the city with cultural and artistic splendor, and was once by personal union the family seat of Polish monarchs.
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Since German reunification in 1990, Dresden has again become a cultural, educational and political centre of Germany.
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Dresden is one of the most visited cities in Germany with 4.
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Dresden's founding and early growth is associated with the eastward expansion of Germanic peoples, mining in the nearby Ore Mountains, and the establishment of the Margraviate of Meissen.
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Dresden gathered many of the best musicians, architects and painters from all over Europe to Dresden.
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Dresden's reign marked the beginning of Dresden's emergence as a leading European city for technology and art.
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Dresden itself was a centre of the German Revolutions in 1848 with the May Uprising, which cost human lives and damaged the historic town of Dresden.
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Between 1918 and 1934, Dresden was the capital of the first Free State of Saxony as well as a cultural and economic centre of the Weimar Republic.
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Dresden in the 20th century was a major communications hub and manufacturing centre with 127 factories and major workshops and was designated by the German military as a defensive strongpoint, with which to hinder the Soviet advance.
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Dresden was attacked seven times between 1944 and 1945, and was occupied by the Red Army after the German capitulation.
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Destruction of Dresden allowed Hildebrand Gurlitt, a major Nazi museum director and art dealer, to hide a large collection of artwork worth over a billion dollars that had been stolen during the Nazi era, as he claimed it had been destroyed along with his house which was located in Dresden.
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Dresden became a major industrial centre in the German Democratic Republic with a great deal of research infrastructure.
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Dresden has experienced dramatic changes since the reunification of Germany in the early 1990s.
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Dresden remains a major cultural centre of historical memory, owing to the city's destruction in World War II.
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The Dresden Elbe Valley is a former world heritage site which is focused on the conservation of the cultural landscape in Dresden.
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Dresden has been divided into ten boroughs called "Stadtbezirk" and nine former municipalities which have been incorporated since 1990.
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Dresden is one of Germany's 16 political centres and the capital of Saxony.
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Dresden was nominated by the FDP and Free Voters, and was endorsed by the CDU and AfD in the runoff.
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Dresden is home to the Regional Commission of the Dresden Regierungsbezirk, which is a controlling authority for the Saxon Government.
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Dresden is home to a military subdistrict command, but no longer has large military units as it did in the past.
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Dresden is the traditional location for army officer schooling in Germany, today carried out in the Offizierschule des Heeres.
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In 2006, the city of Dresden sold its publicly subsidized housing organization, WOBA Dresden GmbH, to the US-based private investment company Fortress Investment Group.
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Dresden has been the center of groups and activities of far-right movements.
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Dresden has had a triangular partnership with Saint Petersburg and Hamburg since 1987.
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Dresden Castle was the seat of the royal household from 1485.
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Notable examples of Renaissance Revival architecture in Dresden include the Albertinum located at Bruhl's Terrace as well as the Saxon State Chancellery and the Saxon State Ministry of Finance located on the northern Elbe river banks.
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Dresden Heath is a large forest located in the northeast of Dresden and one of the city's most important recreation areas.
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Dresden is home to several art collections and musical ensembles.
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Dresden has a few multiplex cinemas, of which the Rundkino is the oldest.
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In Dresden it begins to cross the Ore Mountains towards Prague.
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Dresden Airport is the city's international airport, located at the north-western outskirts of the city.
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Dresden has a large tramway network operated by Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe, the municipal transport company.
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In 1990 Dresden had to struggle with the economic collapse of the Soviet Union and the other export markets in Eastern Europe.
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Thanks to the presence of public administration centres, a high density of semi-public research institutes and an extension of publicly funded high technology sectors, the proportion of highly qualified workers Dresden is again among the highest in Germany and by European criteria.
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In 2019, Dresden had the seventh-best future prospects of all cities in Germany, after being ranked fourth in 2017.
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Media in Dresden include two major newspapers of regional record: the Sachsische Zeitung and the Dresdner Neueste Nachrichten .
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Dresden has a broadcasting centre belonging to the Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk.
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Dresden is home to a number of renowned universities, but among German cities it is a more recent location for academic education.
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The Dresden International University is a private postgraduate university, founded in 2003 in cooperation with the Dresden University of Technology.
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The Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf was member of the Leibniz Community until the end of 2010.
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Dresden has more than 20 gymnasia which prepare for a tertiary education, five of which are private.
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Dresden is home to Dynamo Dresden, which had a tradition in UEFA club competitions up to the early 1990s.
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Dresden Monarchs are an American football team in the German Football League.
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Major sporting facilities in Dresden are the Rudolf-Harbig-Stadion, the Heinz-Steyer-Stadion and the EnergieVerbund Arena for ice hockey.
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