11 Facts About German reunification


German reunification was an event on 3 October 1990 by which the German Democratic Republic was dissolved and its areas became part of the Federal Republic of Germany to form present-day Germany.

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East German reunification government started to falter in May 1989, when the removal of Hungary's border fence with Austria opened a hole in the Iron Curtain.

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On 18 May 1990, the two German reunification states signed a treaty agreeing on monetary, economic, and social union.

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Nevertheless, although the Volkskammer's declaration of accession to the Federal Republic had initiated the process of German reunification, the act of German reunification itself was achieved constitutionally by the subsequent Unification Treaty of 31 August 1990; that is, through a binding agreement between the former GDR and the Federal Republic now recognizing each another as separate sovereign states in international law.

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German reunification predicted that "bad" Germans would reemerge, who might seek to regain former German territory lost after World War II and would likely dominate Hungary, Poland, and Czechoslovakia, leaving "only Romania and Bulgaria for the rest of us".

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Mitterrand recognized before Thatcher that reunification was inevitable and adjusted his views accordingly; unlike her, he was hopeful that participation in a single currency and other European institutions could control a united Germany.

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The German reunification served to increase economic growth in the region through rising household income and commercial profit due to the ability to utilize social connections that were previously restricted by the border.

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The former East German reunification area has often been compared to the underdeveloped Southern Italy and the Southern United States during Reconstruction after the American Civil War.

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Economic reconstruction of former East Germany following the reunification required large amounts of public funding which turned some areas into boom regions, although overall unemployment remains higher than in the former West.

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Today, there are several prominent people of East German reunification origin, including Michael Ballack, Katarina Witt, Till Lindemann and Paul van Dyk.

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Two German reunification systems covering distinctly divergent degrees of economic opportunity suddenly came into intimate contact.

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