29 Facts About Romania


Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.

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Romania is the twelfth-largest country in Europe and the sixth-most populous member state of the European Union.

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Settlement in what is Romania began in the Lower Paleolithic, with written records attesting the kingdom of Dacia, its conquest and subsequent Latinization by the Roman Empire.

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Romania is a developing country with a high-income economy, ranking 53rd in the Human Development Index.

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Romania experienced rapid economic growth in the early 2000s; its economy is based predominantly on services.

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Romania has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, NATO since 2004 and the European Union since 2007.

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Place names that are of Slavic origin abound in Romania, indicating that a significant Slavic-speaking population lived in the territory.

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The largest Genoese colonies in present-day Romania were Calafat, Constanta, Galati, Giurgiu, Licostomo and Vicina .

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Romania seized Southern Dobruja from Bulgaria in the Second Balkan War in 1913.

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Romania remained under the direct military occupation and economic control of the USSR until the late 1950s.

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However, Romania's development suffered a major setback during the late 2000s' recession leading to a large gross domestic product contraction and a budget deficit in 2009.

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Romania is home to six terrestrial ecoregions: Balkan mixed forests, Central European mixed forests, East European forest steppe, Pannonian mixed forests, Carpathian montane conifer forests, and Pontic steppe.

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Since December 1989, Romania has pursued a policy of strengthening relations with the West in general, more specifically with the United States and the European Union, albeit with limited relations involving the Russian Federation.

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Romania has made clear since the late 1990s that it supports NATO and EU membership for the democratic former Soviet republics in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus.

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Romania declared its public support for Turkey, and Croatia joining the European Union.

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Romania is divided into 41 counties and the municipality of Bucharest.

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Romania has attracted increasing amounts of foreign investment following the end of Communism, with the stock of foreign direct investment in Romania rising to €83.

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Romania is a net exporter of electrical energy and is 52nd worldwide in terms of consumption of electric energy.

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Bran Castle, near Brasov, is one of the most famous attractions in Romania, drawing hundreds of thousands of tourists every year as it is often advertised as being Dracula's Castle.

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In recent years, Romania has ranked the lowest or second-lowest in the European Union by research and development spending as a percentage of GDP, standing at roughly 0.

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In 2018 Romania lost its voting rights in the ESA due to a failure to pay €56.

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Romania was ranked 48th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, up from 50th in 2019.

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In early 2012, Romania launched its first satellite from the Centre Spatial Guyanais in French Guiana.

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Foreign citizens and stateless persons who live in Romania have access to justice and education in their own language.

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Romania is a secular state and has no state religion.

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Romania has achieved the highest team score in the competition, after China, Russia, the United States and Hungary.

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List of World Heritage Sites includes six cultural sites located within Romania, including eight painted churches of northern Moldavia, eight wooden churches of Maramures, seven villages with fortified churches in Transylvania, the Horezu Monastery, and the Historic Centre of Sighisoara.

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Multiple castles exist in Romania, including the popular tourist attractions of Peles Castle, Corvin Castle, and Bran Castle or "Dracula's Castle".

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In professional boxing, Romania has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by governing bodies.

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