29 Facts About Transylvania


Transylvania is a historical region in central Romania.

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Broader definitions of Transylvania encompass the western and northwestern Romanian regions of Crisana and Maramures, and occasionally Banat.

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Transylvania is known for the scenery of its Carpathian landscape and its rich history.

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Transylvania personally led his army against his maternal uncle Gyula III and Transylvania became part of the Kingdom of Hungary in 1002; it then belonged to the Lands of the Hungarian Crown until 1920.

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In 1940, Northern Transylvania reverted to Hungary as a result of the Second Vienna Award, but it was reclaimed by Romania after the end of World War II.

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In popular culture, Transylvania is commonly associated with vampires because of the influence of Bram Stoker's 1897 novel Dracula and the many subsequent books and films that have been inspired by the tale.

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Transylvania has been dominated by several different peoples and countries throughout its history.

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Some historians assert Transylvania was settled by Hungarians in several stages between the 10th and 13th centuries, while others claim that it was already settled, since the earliest Hungarian artifacts found in the region are dated to the first half of the 10th century.

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Between 1002 and 1526, Transylvania was part of the Kingdom of Hungary, led by a voivode appointed by the King of Hungary.

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The Eastern Hungarian king became the first prince of Transylvania, according to the treaty, the Principality of Transylvania continued to be part of the Kingdom of Hungary in the sense of public law, which stressed in a highly significant way that John Sigismund's possessions belonged to the Holy Crown of Hungary and he was not permitted to alienate them.

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In 1687, the rulers of Transylvania recognized the suzerainty of the Habsburg emperor Leopold I, and the region was officially attached to the Habsburg Empire.

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Transylvania ordered the execution of The 13 Hungarian Martyrs of Arad and Prime Minister Batthyany was executed the same day in Pest.

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The Proclamation of Union of Alba Iulia was adopted by the Deputies of the Romanians from Transylvania and supported one month later by the vote of the Deputies of the Saxons from Transylvania.

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In common reference, the Western border of Transylvania has come to be identified with the present Romanian-Hungarian border, settled in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon, though geographically the two are not identical.

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Transylvania contains both largely urban counties, such as Brasov and Hunedoara counties, as well as largely rural ones, such as Bistrita-Nasaud and Salaj counties.

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Alba Iulia has historical importance because at the end of World War I, representatives of the Romanian population of Transylvania gathered in Alba Iulia on 1 December 1918 to proclaim the union of Transylvania with the Kingdom of Romania.

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In Transylvania, there are many medieval smaller towns such as Sighisoara, Medias, Sebes, and Bistrita.

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The proportion of Hungarians in Transylvania was in steep decline as more of the region's inhabitants moved into urban areas, where the pressure to assimilate and Romanianize was greater.

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Transylvania is rich in mineral resources, notably lignite, iron, lead, manganese, gold, copper, natural gas, salt, and sulfur.

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Culture of Transylvania is complex, due to its varied history and multiculturalism.

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Transylvania has a very rich and unique religious history from the other regions of Europe.

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People who arrived in Transylvania included those that did not conform to the Catholic Church and were sent here forcibly, as well as many religious refugees.

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Transylvania has been a center for Christian denominations other than Eastern Orthodoxy, the form of Christianity that most Romanians currently follow.

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The flag and coat of arms of Transylvania were granted by Queen Maria Theresa in 1765, when she established a Grand Principality within the Habsburg monarchy.

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In 1596, Levinus Hulsius created a coat of arms for Transylvania, consisting of a shield with a rising eagle in the upper field and seven hills with towers on top in the lower field.

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Transylvania published it in his work "Chronologia", issued in Nuremberg the same year.

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The seal from 1597 of Sigismund Bathory, Prince of Transylvania, reproduced the new coat of arms with some slight changes: in the upper field the eagle was flanked by a sun and a moon and in the lower field the hills were replaced by simple towers.

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Besides the Wallachian eagle and the Moldavian aurochs, Transylvania is represented by two lions holding a sword standing on seven hills.

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The Principality of Transylvania is a playable nation in Europa Universalis IV.

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