54 Facts About Germany


Germany is situated between the Baltic and North seas to the north, and the Alps to the south; it covers an area of 357, 022 square kilometres, with a population of almost 84 million within its 16 constituent states.

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In 1871, Germany became a nation-state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire.

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The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community and the European Union, while the German Democratic Republic was a communist Eastern Bloc state and member of the Warsaw Pact.

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Germany is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, NATO, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20 and the OECD.

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English word Germany derives from the Latin, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine.

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From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south, east, and west, coming into contact with the Celtic, Iranian, Baltic, and Slavic tribes.

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However, under Wilhelm II, Germany took an imperialistic course, leading to friction with neighbouring countries.

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At the Berlin Conference in 1884, Germany claimed several colonies including German East Africa, German South West Africa, Togoland, and Kamerun.

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Later, Germany further expanded its colonial empire to include holdings in the Pacific and China.

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Germany reacquired control of the Saarland in 1935, remilitarised the Rhineland in 1936, annexed Austria in 1938, annexed the Sudetenland in 1938 with the Munich Agreement, and in violation of the agreement occupied Czechoslovakia in March 1939.

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On 1 September 1939, Germany invaded Poland, beginning World War II in Europe; Britain and France declared war on Germany on 3 September.

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East Germany selected East Berlin as its capital, while West Germany chose Bonn as a provisional capital, to emphasise its stance that the two-state solution was temporary.

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West Germany was established as a federal parliamentary republic with a "social market economy".

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West Germany joined NATO in 1955 and was a founding member of the European Economic Community.

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East Germany was an Eastern Bloc state under political and military control by the USSR via occupation forces and the Warsaw Pact.

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Tensions between East and West Germany were reduced in the late 1960s by Chancellor Willy Brandt's.

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Since reunification, Germany has taken a more active role in the European Union, signing the Maastricht Treaty in 1992 and the Lisbon Treaty in 2007, and co-founding the Eurozone.

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Germany sent a peacekeeping force to secure stability in the Balkans and sent German troops to Afghanistan as part of a NATO effort to provide security in that country after the ousting of the Taliban.

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Germany is the seventh-largest country in Europe; bordering Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria to the southeast, and Switzerland to the south-southwest.

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Germany is bordered by the North Sea and, at the north-northeast, by the Baltic Sea.

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Territory of Germany can be divided into five terrestrial ecoregions: Atlantic mixed forests, Baltic mixed forests, Central European mixed forests, Western European broadleaf forests, and Alps conifer and mixed forests.

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Germany is elected by the, an institution consisting of the members of the and an equal number of state delegates.

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Germany is a federation and comprises sixteen constituent states which are collectively referred to as.

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Germany has a civil law system based on Roman law with some references to Germanic law.

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Germany has a network of 227 diplomatic missions abroad and maintains relations with more than 190 countries.

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Germany is a member of NATO, the OECD, the G7, the G20, the World Bank and the IMF.

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Germany promotes the creation of a more unified European political, economic and security apparatus.

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Germany has a social market economy with a highly skilled labour force, a low level of corruption, and a high level of innovation.

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Germany is part of the European single market which represents more than 450 million consumers.

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Germany introduced the common European currency, the Euro, in 2002.

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The top ten exports of Germany are vehicles, machinery, chemical goods, electronic products, electrical equipments, pharmaceuticals, transport equipments, basic metals, food products, and rubber and plastics.

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Germany is recognised for its large portion of specialised small and medium enterprises, known as the model.

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In 2018 Germany ranked fourth globally in terms of number of science and engineering research papers published.

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Germany was ranked 9th in the Global Innovation Index in 2019 and 2020 and 10th in 2021.

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Research institutions in Germany include the Max Planck Society, the Helmholtz Association, and the Fraunhofer Society and the Leibniz Association.

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Germany is the largest contributor to the European Space Agency.

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Germany is committed to the Paris Agreement and several other treaties promoting biodiversity, low emission standards, and water management.

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Germany is the ninth most visited country in the world as of 2017, with 37.

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Germany's most visited and popular landmarks include Cologne Cathedral, the Brandenburg Gate, the Reichstag, the Dresden Frauenkirche, Neuschwanstein Castle, Heidelberg Castle, the Wartburg, and Sanssouci Palace.

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However, Germany is witnessing increased birth rates and migration rates since the beginning of the 2010s.

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Germany has the third oldest population in the world, with an average age of 47.

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Irreligion in Germany is strongest in the former East Germany, which used to be predominantly Protestant before the enforcement of state atheism, and in major metropolitan areas.

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Responsibility for educational supervision in Germany is primarily organised within the individual states.

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The established universities in Germany include some of the oldest in the world, with Heidelberg University being the oldest.

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Germany ranked 21st in the world in 2019 in life expectancy with 78.

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Obesity in Germany has been increasingly cited as a major health issue.

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Germany is well known for such folk festival traditions as the Oktoberfest and Christmas customs, which include Advent wreaths, Christmas pageants, Christmas trees, Stollen cakes, and other practices.

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Architectural contributions from Germany include the Carolingian and Ottonian styles, which were precursors of Romanesque.

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Vernacular architecture in Germany is often identified by its timber framing traditions and varies across regions, and among carpentry styles.

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Germany was particularly important in the early modernist movement: it is the home of Werkbund initiated by Hermann Muthesius, and of the Bauhaus movement founded by Walter Gropius.

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Largest internationally operating media companies in Germany are the Bertelsmann enterprise, Axel Springer SE and ProSiebenSat.

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Germany has a large video gaming market, with over 34 million players nationwide.

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Germany is one of the leading motor sports countries in the world.

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Germany was the last country to host both the summer and winter games in the same year, in 1936: the Berlin Summer Games and the Winter Games in Garmisch-Partenkirchen.

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