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26 Facts About Baltic Sea
Geographers widely agree that the preferred physical border of the Baltic Sea is a line drawn through the southern Danish islands, Drogden-Sill and Langeland.
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Baltic Sea might have been influenced by the name of a legendary island mentioned in the Natural History of Pliny the Elder.
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Baltic Sea was known in ancient Latin language sources as Mare Suebicum or even Mare Germanicum.
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In 1945, the Baltic Sea became a mass grave for retreating soldiers and refugees on torpedoed troop transports.
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Baltic Sea is one of the largest brackish inland seas by area, and occupies a basin formed by glacial erosion during the last few ice ages.
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Northern part of the Baltic Sea is known as the Gulf of Bothnia, of which the northernmost part is the Bay of Bothnia or Bothnian Bay.
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Since 1720, the Baltic Sea has frozen over entirely 20 times, most recently in early 1987, which was the most severe winter in Scandinavia since 1720.
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Only two other brackish waters are larger according to some measurements: The Black Baltic Sea is larger in both surface area and water volume, but most of it is located outside the continental shelf .
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The Caspian Baltic Sea is larger in water volume, but—despite its name—it is a lake rather than a sea.
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The water surplus caused by the continuous inflow of rivers and streams to the Baltic Sea means that there generally is a flow of brackish water out through the Danish Straits to the Kattegat .
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Baltic Sea somewhat resembles a riverbed, with two tributaries, the Gulf of Finland and Gulf of Bothnia.
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Geological surveys show that before the Pleistocene, instead of the Baltic Sea, there was a wide plain around a great river that paleontologists call the Eridanos.
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Fauna of the Baltic Sea is a mixture of marine and freshwater species.
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Since the Baltic Sea is so young there are only two or three known endemic species: the brown alga Fucus radicans and the flounder Platichthys solemdali.
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Cetaceans in the Baltic Sea are monitored by the countries bordering the sea and data compiled by various intergovernmental bodies, such as ASCOBANS.
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Plans to artificially oxygenate areas of the Baltic Sea that have experienced eutrophication have been proposed by the University of Gothenburg and Inocean AB.
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The Baltic Sea is the main trade route for the export of Russian petroleum.
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The Convention covers the whole of the Baltic Sea area, including inland waters and the water of the sea itself, as well as the seabed.
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