18 Facts About Suebi


Suebi were a large group of Germanic peoples originally from the Elbe river region in what is Germany and the Czech Republic.

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Some commentators believe that Caesar's Suebi were the later Chatti or possibly the Hermunduri, or Semnones.

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Suebi describes a chain of mountains north of the Danube that is like a lower extension of the Alps, possibly the Swabian Alps, and further east the Gabreta Forest, possibly the modern Bohemian forest.

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Caesar describes the Suebi as pressing the German tribes of the Rhine, such as the Tencteri, Usipetes and Ubii, from the east, forcing them from their homes.

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Suebi describes the Marcomanni as a tribe distinct from the Suebi, and active within the same alliance.

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Suebi describes their position as stretching out in a band from the Elbe, all the way to the northern Rhine, near the Sugambri.

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In particular, the Suebi are associated with the concept of an "Elbe Germanic" group of early dialects spoken by the Irminones, entering Germany from the east, and originating on the Baltic.

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Suebi had already been recognized as a king by the Roman senate.

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The Suebi abandoned their towns closest to the Romans, retreated to the forest and assembled an army.

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Suebi reported that, shortly before 29 BC, the Suebi crossed the Rhine, only to be defeated by Gaius Carrinas who, along with the young Octavian Caesar, celebrated a triumph in 29 BC.

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Suebi says that the Suebi and Sugambri "submitted to him and were taken into Gaul and settled in lands near the Rhine" while the other Germani were pushed "to the farther side of the river Albis" .

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Suebi must have meant the temporary military success of Drusus, as it is unlikely the Rhine was cleared of Germans.

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Suebi built "more than five hundred forts" and two bridges guarded by fleets.

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Suebi was refused on the grounds that he had not moved to help Varus.

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Nevertheless, the Suebi became free of Roman control forever after Majorian was assassinated two years later.

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The Suebi were respected in their properties and freedom, and continued to dwell in Gallaecia, finally merging with the rest of the local population during the early Middle Ages.

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Finally, Ferreiro believes the conversion of the Suebi was progressive and stepwise and that Chararic's public conversion was only followed by the lifting of a ban on Catholic synods in the reign of his successor, which would have been Ariamir; Thoedemir was responsible for beginning a persecution of the Arians in his kingdom to root out their heresy.

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Name of the Suebi appears in Norse mythology and in early Scandinavian sources.

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