50 Facts About Czech Republic


Czech Republic, known as Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe.

FactSnippet No. 640,902

Czech Republic'storically known as Bohemia, it is bordered by Austria to the south, Germany to the west, Poland to the northeast, and Slovakia to the southeast.

FactSnippet No. 640,903

Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary republic and developed country with an advanced, high-income social market economy.

FactSnippet No. 640,904

The Czech Republic is a member of NATO, the European Union, OECD, OSCE, and the Council of Europe.

FactSnippet No. 640,905

The Czech Republic joined NATO on 12 March 1999 and the European Union on 1 May 2004.

FactSnippet No. 640,906

Phytogeographically, the Czech Republic belongs to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region, within the Boreal Kingdom.

FactSnippet No. 640,907

Three historical lands of the Czech Republic correspond with the river basins of the Elbe and the Vltava basin for Bohemia, the Morava one for Moravia, and the Oder river basin for Czech Silesia .

FactSnippet No. 640,908

Czech Republic has a temperate climate, situated in the transition zone between the oceanic and continental climate types, with warm summers and cold, cloudy and snowy winters.

FactSnippet No. 640,909

The wettest area in the Czech Republic is found around Bily Potok in Jizera Mountains and the driest region is the Louny District to the northwest of Prague.

FactSnippet No. 640,910

The Czech Republic has four National Parks and 25 Protected Landscape Areas.

FactSnippet No. 640,911

From 1993 until 2012, the President of the Czech Republic was selected by a joint session of the parliament for a five-year term, with no more than two consecutive terms .

FactSnippet No. 640,912

Some commentators have argued that, with the introduction of direct election of the President, the Czech Republic has moved away from the parliamentary system and towards a semi-presidential one.

FactSnippet No. 640,913

Czech Republic is a unitary state, with a civil law system based on the continental type, rooted in Germanic legal culture.

FactSnippet No. 640,914

Czech Republic has ranked as one of the safest or most peaceful countries for the past few decades.

FactSnippet No. 640,915

The embassies of most countries with diplomatic relations with the Czech Republic are located in Prague, while consulates are located across the country.

FactSnippet No. 640,916

Czech Republic has ties with Slovakia, Poland and Hungary as a member of the Visegrad Group, as well as with Germany, Israel, the United States and the European Union and its members.

FactSnippet No. 640,917

Currently, as a member of NATO, the Czech Republic military are participating in the Resolute Support and KFOR operations and have soldiers in Afghanistan, Mali, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Egypt, Israel and Somalia.

FactSnippet No. 640,918

The main equipment of the Czech Republic military includes JAS 39 Gripen multi-role fighters, Aero L-159 Alca combat aircraft, Mi-35 attack helicopters, armored vehicles and tanks .

FactSnippet No. 640,919

Since 2000, the Czech Republic has been divided into thirteen regions and the capital city of Prague.

FactSnippet No. 640,920

Czech Republic has a developed, high-income export-oriented social market economy based in services, manufacturing and innovation, that maintains a welfare state and the European social model.

FactSnippet No. 640,921

The Czech Republic participates in the European Single Market as a member of the European Union and is therefore a part of the economy of the European Union, but uses its own currency, the Czech koruna, instead of the euro.

FactSnippet No. 640,922

The Czech Republic has a diverse economy that ranks 7th in the 2016 Economic Complexity Index.

FactSnippet No. 640,923

In 2018 the largest companies by revenue in the Czech Republic were: automobile manufacturer Skoda Auto, utility company CEZ Group, conglomerate Agrofert, energy trading company EPH, oil processing company Unipetrol, electronics manufacturer Foxconn CZ and steel producer Moravia Steel.

FactSnippet No. 640,924

The Czech Republic is the world's largest vinyl records manufacturer, with GZ Media producing about 6 million pieces annually in Lodenice.

FactSnippet No. 640,925

Czech Republic is reducing its dependence on highly polluting low-grade brown coal as a source of energy.

FactSnippet No. 640,926

In total, the Czech Republic has 91 airports, six of which provide international air services.

FactSnippet No. 640,927

Czech Republic lands have a long and well-documented history of scientific innovation.

FactSnippet No. 640,928

Today, the Czech Republic has a highly sophisticated, developed, high-performing, innovation-oriented scientific community supported by the government, industry, and leading Czech Universities.

FactSnippet No. 640,929

Czech Republic scientists are embedded members of the global scientific community.

FactSnippet No. 640,930

The Czech Republic was ranked 24th in the Global Innovation Index in 2020 and 2021, up from 26th in 2019.

FactSnippet No. 640,931

Similarly, the Czech Republic lands have a well-established history of scientists, including Nobel laureates biochemists Gerty and Carl Ferdinand Cori, chemist Jaroslav Heyrovsky, chemist Otto Wichterle, physicist Peter Grunberg and chemist Antonin Holy.

FactSnippet No. 640,932

Increasingly, Czech Republic scientists publish their work and that of their history in English.

FactSnippet No. 640,933

The Czech Republic people have been historically characterized as "tolerant and even indifferent towards religion".

FactSnippet No. 640,934

Education in the Czech Republic is compulsory for nine years and citizens have access to a free-tuition university education, while the average number of years of education is 13.

FactSnippet No. 640,935

Additionally, the Czech Republic has a "relatively equal" educational system in comparison with other countries in Europe.

FactSnippet No. 640,936

Czech Republic is known for Art Nouveau posters and his cycle of 20 large canvases named the Slav Epic, which depicts the history of Czechs and other Slavs As of 2012, the Slav Epic can be seen in the Veletrzni Palace of the National Gallery in Prague, which manages the largest collection of art in the Czech Republic.

FactSnippet No. 640,937

Czech Republic is known for its individually made, mouth-blown, and decorated Bohemian glass.

FactSnippet No. 640,938

Since the Middle Ages, the Czech Republic lands have been using the same architectural styles as most of Western and Central Europe.

FactSnippet No. 640,939

Bohemia contributed an unusual style to the world's architectural heritage when Czech Republic architects attempted to transpose the Cubism of painting and sculpture into architecture.

FactSnippet No. 640,940

Czech Republic is not shying away from the more modern trends of international architecture, an example is the Dancing House in Prague, Golden Angel in Prague or Congress Centre in Zlin.

FactSnippet No. 640,941

Literature from the area of today's Czech Republic was mostly written in Czech, but in Latin and German or even Old Church Slavonic.

FactSnippet No. 640,942

Musical tradition of the Czech Republic lands arose from the first church hymns, whose first evidence is suggested at the break of the 10th and 11th centuries.

FactSnippet No. 640,943

Tradition of Czech Republic cinematography started in the second half of the 1890s.

FactSnippet No. 640,944

Czech Republic is a self-labeled surrealist known for animations and features.

FactSnippet No. 640,945

The Czech Republic press was ranked as the 40th most free press in the World Freedom Index by Reporters Without Borders in 2021.

FactSnippet No. 640,946

Czech Republic cuisine is marked by an emphasis on meat dishes with pork, beef, and chicken.

FactSnippet No. 640,947

Czech Republic desserts include a variety of whipped cream, chocolate, and fruit pastries and tarts, crepes, creme desserts and cheese, poppy-seed-filled and other types of traditional cakes such as buchty, kolace and strudl.

FactSnippet No. 640,948

Czech Republic beer has a history extending more than a millennium; the earliest known brewery existed in 993.

FactSnippet No. 640,949

Today the Czech Republic has the highest beer consumption per capita in the world.

FactSnippet No. 640,950

For hikers, thanks to the more than 120-year-old tradition, there is a Czech Republic Hiking Markers System of trail blazing, that has been adopted by countries worldwide.

FactSnippet No. 640,951