21 Facts About Czech Republic

1. Czech Republic, known as Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe.

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2. Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary republic and developed country with an advanced, high-income social market economy.

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3. The Czech Republic is a member of NATO, the European Union, OECD, OSCE, and the Council of Europe.

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4. Czech Republic is honoured to this day as a national hero.

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5. The Czech Republic joined NATO on 12 March 1999 and the European Union on 1 May 2004.

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6. On 21 December 2007 the Czech Republic joined the Schengen Area.

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7. Phytogeographically, the Czech Republic belongs to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region, within the Boreal Kingdom.

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8. The wettest area in the Czech Republic is found around Bily Potok in Jizera Mountains and the driest region is the Louny District to the northwest of Prague.

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9. From 1993 until 2012, the President of the Czech Republic was selected by a joint session of the parliament for a five-year term, with no more than two consecutive terms.

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10. The basis of the legal system is the Constitution of the Czech Republic adopted in 1993.

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11. The embassies of most countries with diplomatic relations with the Czech Republic are located in Prague, while consulates are located across the country.

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12. The President of the Czech Republic is Commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

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13. The Czech Republic participates in the European Single Market as a member of the European Union and is therefore a part of the economy of the European Union, but uses its own currency, the Czech koruna, instead of the euro.

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14. In 2018 the largest companies by revenue in the Czech Republic were: automobile manufacturer Skoda Auto, utility company CEZ Group, conglomerate Agrofert, energy trading company EPH, oil processing company Unipetrol, electronics manufacturer Foxconn CZ and steel producer Moravia Steel.

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15. Czech Republic is reducing its dependence on highly polluting low-grade brown coal as a source of energy.

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16. One of the tourist attractions in the Czech Republic is the Nether district Vitkovice in Ostrava.

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17. The Czech Republic was ranked 24th in the Global Innovation Index in 2020 and 2021, up from 26th in 2019.

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18. Education in the Czech Republic is compulsory for nine years and citizens have access to a free-tuition university education, while the average number of years of education is 13.1.

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19. Czech Republic is known for Art Nouveau posters and his cycle of 20 large canvases named the Slav Epic, which depicts the history of Czechs and other Slavs.

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20. Literature from the area of today's Czech Republic was mostly written in Czech, but in Latin and German or even Old Church Slavonic.

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21. Two leading sports in the Czech Republic are football and ice hockey.

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