24 Facts About Cubism


Cubism is an early-20th-century avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture.

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Cubism has been considered the most influential art movement of the 20th century.

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One primary influence that led to Cubism was the representation of three-dimensional form in the late works of Paul Cezanne.

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In France, offshoots of Cubism developed, including Orphism, abstract art and later Purism.

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Early Futurist paintings hold in common with Cubism the fusing of the past and the present, the representation of different views of the subject pictured at the same time or successively, called multiple perspective, simultaneity or multiplicity, while Constructivism was influenced by Picasso's technique of constructing sculpture from separate elements.

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In one scheme, the first phase of Cubism, known as Analytic Cubism, a phrase coined by Juan Gris a posteriori, was both radical and influential as a short but highly significant art movement between 1910 and 1912 in France.

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Contemporary views of Cubism are complex, formed to some extent in response to the "Salle 41" Cubists, whose methods were too distinct from those of Picasso and Braque to be considered merely secondary to them.

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Cubism's support gave his artists the freedom to experiment in relative privacy.

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Group seems to have adopted the name Section d'Or to distinguish themselves from the narrower definition of Cubism developed in parallel by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in the Montmartre quarter of Paris, and to show that Cubism, rather than being an isolated art-form, represented the continuation of a grand tradition.

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The disruptive, expressionist element in it is even contrary to the spirit of Cubism, which looked at the world in a detached, realistic spirit.

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Historical study of Cubism began in the late 1920s, drawing at first from sources of limited data, namely the opinions of Guillaume Apollinaire.

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Traditional interpretation of "Cubism", formulated post facto as a means of understanding the works of Braque and Picasso, has affected our appreciation of other twentieth-century artists.

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Term Cubism did not come into general usage until 1911, mainly with reference to Metzinger, Gleizes, Delaunay, and Leger.

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Undoubtedly, due to the great success of the exhibition, Cubism became avant-garde movement recognized as a genre or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal.

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Cubism reemerged during the 1920s and the 1930s in the work of the American Stuart Davis and the Englishman Ben Nicholson.

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Attempts were made by Louis Vauxcelles to argue that Cubism was dead, but these exhibitions, along with a well-organized Cubist show at the 1920 Salon des Independants and a revival of the Salon de la Section d'Or in the same year, demonstrated it was still alive.

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Yet, Cubism itself remained evolutionary both within the oeuvre of individual artists, such as Gris and Metzinger, and across the work of artists as different from each other as Braque, Leger and Gleizes.

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Cubism formed an important link between early-20th-century art and architecture.

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Architectural interest in Cubism centered on the dissolution and reconstitution of three-dimensional form, using simple geometric shapes, juxtaposed without the illusions of classical perspective.

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Cubism had become an influential factor in the development of modern architecture from 1912 onwards, developing in parallel with architects such as Peter Behrens and Walter Gropius, with the simplification of building design, the use of materials appropriate to industrial production, and the increased use of glass.

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Cubism was relevant to an architecture seeking a style that needed not refer to the past.

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Cubism was applied to architecture only in Bohemia and especially in its capital, Prague.

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Cubist architecture flourished for the most part between 1910 and 1914, but the Cubist or Cubism-influenced buildings were built after World War I After the war, the architectural style called Rondo-Cubism was developed in Prague fusing the Cubist architecture with round shapes.

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Poets generally associated with Cubism are Guillaume Apollinaire, Blaise Cendrars, Jean Cocteau, Max Jacob, Andre Salmon and Pierre Reverdy.

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