84 Facts About Pablo Picasso


Pablo Ruiz Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist and theatre designer who spent most of his adult life in France.


Exceptionally prolific throughout the course of his long life, Pablo Picasso achieved universal renown and immense fortune for his revolutionary artistic accomplishments, and became one of the best-known figures in 20th-century art.


Pablo Picasso was born at 23:15 on 25 October 1881, in the city of Malaga, Andalusia, in southern Spain.


Pablo Picasso was the first child of Don Jose Ruiz y Blasco and Maria Picasso y Lopez.


Pablo Picasso's father was a painter who specialized in naturalistic depictions of birds and other game.


Ruiz y Pablo Picasso were his paternal and maternal surnames, respectively, per Spanish custom.


The surname "Pablo Picasso" comes from Liguria, a coastal region of north-western Italy.


Pablo Picasso showed a passion and a skill for drawing from an early age.


Pablo Picasso's son became preoccupied with art to the detriment of his classwork.


In 1895, Pablo Picasso was traumatized when his seven-year-old sister, Conchita, died of diphtheria.


Pablo Picasso thrived in the city, regarding it in times of sadness or nostalgia as his true home.


Pablo Picasso's father rented a small room for him close to home so he could work alone, yet he checked up on him numerous times a day, judging his drawings.


At age 16, Pablo Picasso set off for the first time on his own, but he disliked formal instruction and stopped attending classes soon after enrollment.


Pablo Picasso especially admired the works of El Greco; elements such as his elongated limbs, arresting colours, and mystical visages are echoed in Pablo Picasso's later work.


Pablo Picasso made his first trip to Paris, then the art capital of Europe, in 1900.


Soon they shared an apartment; Max slept at night while Pablo Picasso slept during the day and worked at night.


Soler solicited articles and Pablo Picasso illustrated the journal, mostly contributing grim cartoons depicting and sympathizing with the state of the poor.


Many paintings of gaunt mothers with children date from the Blue Period, during which Pablo Picasso divided his time between Barcelona and Paris.


Pablo Picasso met Fernande Olivier, a bohemian artist who became his mistress, in Paris in 1904.


Pablo Picasso painted a portrait of Gertrude Stein and one of her nephew Allan Stein.


In 1907, Pablo Picasso joined an art gallery that had recently been opened in Paris by Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, a German art historian and art collector who became one of the premier French art dealers of the 20th century.


Pablo Picasso was among the first champions of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and the Cubism that they jointly developed.


Analytic cubism is a style of painting Pablo Picasso developed with Georges Braque using monochrome brownish and neutral colours.


In Paris, Pablo Picasso entertained a distinguished coterie of friends in the Montmartre and Montparnasse quarters, including Andre Breton, poet Guillaume Apollinaire, writer Alfred Jarry and Gertrude Stein.


In 1911, Pablo Picasso was arrested and questioned about the theft of the Mona Lisa from the Louvre.


Apollinaire in turn implicated his close friend Pablo Picasso, who had purchased stolen artworks from the artist in the past.


Afraid of a conviction that could result in his deportation to Spain, Pablo Picasso denied having ever met Apollinaire.


Between 1915 and 1917, Pablo Picasso began a series of paintings depicting highly geometric and minimalist Cubist objects, consisting of either a pipe, a guitar or a glass, with an occasional element of collage.


Pablo Picasso included declarations of his love for Eva in many Cubist works.


Pablo Picasso was devastated by her premature death from illness at the age of 30 in 1915.


At the outbreak of World War I in August 1914, Pablo Picasso was living in Avignon.


Pablo Picasso's paintings became more sombre and his life changed with dramatic consequences.


Towards the end of World War I, Pablo Picasso became involved with Serge Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.


Pablo Picasso took the opportunity to make several drawings of the composer.


In 1927, Pablo Picasso met 17-year-old Marie-Therese Walter and began a secret affair with her.


In February 1917, Pablo Picasso made his first trip to Italy.


Yet Pablo Picasso exhibited Cubist works at the first Surrealist group exhibition in 1925; the concept of 'psychic automatism in its pure state' defined in the Manifeste du surrealisme never appealed to him entirely.


Pablo Picasso did at the time develop new imagery and formal syntax for expressing himself emotionally, "releasing the violence, the psychic fears and the eroticism that had been largely contained or sublimated since 1909", writes art historian Melissa McQuillan.


Until 1981 it was entrusted to the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, as it was Pablo Picasso's expressed desire that the painting should not be delivered to Spain until liberty and democracy had been established in the country.


In 1939 and 1940, the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, under its director Alfred Barr, a Pablo Picasso enthusiast, held a major retrospective of Pablo Picasso's principal works until that time.


Around this time, Pablo Picasso wrote poetry as an alternative outlet.


Pablo Picasso grew tired of his mistress Dora Maar; Pablo Picasso and Gilot began to live together.


Pablo Picasso had affairs with women of an even greater age disparity than his and Gilot's.


Jacqueline Roque worked at the Madoura Pottery in Vallauris on the French Riviera, where Pablo Picasso made and painted ceramics.


Pablo Picasso became his lover, and then his second wife in 1961.


Pablo Picasso's marriage to Roque was a means of revenge against Gilot; with Picasso's encouragement, Gilot had divorced her then husband, Luc Simon, with the plan to marry Picasso to secure the rights of her children as Picasso's legitimate heirs.


Pablo Picasso had already secretly married Roque, after Gilot had filed for divorce.


Pablo Picasso's strained relationship with Claude and Paloma was never healed.


Pablo Picasso was an international celebrity, with often as much interest in his personal life as his art.


Pablo Picasso was one of 250 sculptors who exhibited in the 3rd Sculpture International held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in mid-1949.


Pablo Picasso made a series of works based on Velazquez's painting of Las Meninas.


Pablo Picasso based paintings on works by Goya, Poussin, Manet, Courbet and Delacroix.


In 1955, he helped make the film Le Mystere Pablo Picasso directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot.


Pablo Picasso was commissioned to make a maquette for a huge 50-foot -high public sculpture to be built in Chicago, known usually as the Chicago Picasso.


Pablo Picasso approached the project with a great deal of enthusiasm, designing a sculpture which was ambiguous and somewhat controversial.


Pablo Picasso said the figure represented the head of an Afghan Hound named Kabul.


Pablo Picasso refused to be paid $100,000 for it, donating it to the people of the city.


Pablo Picasso died on 8 April 1973 in Mougins, France, from pulmonary edema and a heart attack, the morning after he and his wife Jacqueline entertained friends for dinner.


Pablo Picasso was interred at the Chateau of Vauvenargues near Aix-en-Provence, a property he had acquired in 1958 and occupied with Jacqueline between 1959 and 1962.


Pablo Picasso remained aloof from the Catalan independence movement during his youth despite expressing general support and being friendly with activists within it.


Pablo Picasso did not join the armed forces for any side or country during World War I, the Spanish Civil War, or World War II.


At the start of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, Pablo Picasso was 54 years of age.


Pablo Picasso expressed anger and condemnation of Francisco Franco and fascists in The Dream and Lie of Franco, which was produced "specifically for propagandistic and fundraising purposes".


Pablo Picasso attended the 1948 World Congress of Intellectuals in Defense of Peace in Poland, and in 1950 received the Stalin Peace Prize from the Soviet government.


On 9 January 1949, Pablo Picasso created Dove, a black and white lithograph.


Pablo Picasso's image was used around the world as a symbol of the Peace Congresses and communism.


Pablo Picasso's output was several times more prolific than most artists of his era; by at least one account, American artist Bob Ross is the only one to rival Pablo Picasso's volume, and Ross's artwork was designed specifically to be easily mass-produced quickly.


The medium in which Pablo Picasso made his most important contribution was painting.


Pablo Picasso sometimes added sand to his paint to vary its texture.


When Pablo Picasso depicted complex narrative scenes it was usually in prints, drawings, and small-scale works; Guernica is one of his few large narrative paintings.


Unlike Matisse, Pablo Picasso had eschewed models virtually all his mature life, preferring to paint individuals whose lives had both impinged on, and had real significance for, his own.


The autobiographical nature of Pablo Picasso's art is reinforced by his habit of dating his works, often to the day.


Pablo Picasso's influence was and remains immense and widely acknowledged by his admirers and detractors alike.


Since Pablo Picasso left no will, his death duties to the French state were paid in the form of his works and others from his collection.


In 2003, relatives of Pablo Picasso inaugurated a museum dedicated to him in his birthplace, Malaga, Spain, the Museo Pablo Picasso Malaga.


Pablo Picasso is a character in Steve Martin's 1993 play, Pablo Picasso at the Lapin Agile.


Pablo Picasso refers to it as Picasso's nude of the girl with the basket of flowers, possibly related to Young Naked Girl with Flower Basket.


The US copyright representative for the Pablo Picasso Administration is the Artists Rights Society.


Pablo Picasso is played by Antonio Banderas in the 2018 season of Genius which focuses on his life and art.


Pablo Picasso decided to part with the two paintings, which were deposited in the Kunstmuseum Basel.


On 17 May 2017, The Jerusalem Post in an article titled "Pablo Picasso Work Stolen By Nazis Sells for $45 Million at Auction" reported the sale of a portrait painted by Pablo Picasso, the 1939 Femme assise, robe bleu, which was previously misappropriated during the early years of WWII.


Pablo Picasso was married twice and had four children by three women:.


The women in Pablo Picasso's life played an important role in the emotional and erotic aspects of his creative expression, and the tumultuous nature of these relationships has been considered vital to his artistic process.


Pablo Picasso entrusted Christian Zervos to constitute the catalogue raisonne of his work.