Georges Braque was a major 20th-century French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor.
18 Facts About Georges Braque
Georges Braque was born on 13 May 1882 in Argenteuil, Val-d'Oise.
Georges Braque grew up in Le Havre and trained to be a house painter and decorator like his father and grandfather.
Georges Braque worked most closely with the artists Raoul Dufy and Othon Friesz, who shared Georges Braque's hometown of Le Havre, to develop a somewhat more subdued Fauvist style.
In 1906, Georges Braque traveled with Friesz to L'Estaque, to Antwerp, and home to Le Havre to paint.
Georges Braque conducted an intense study of the effects of light and perspective and the technical means that painters use to represent these effects, seeming to question the most standard of artistic conventions.
Georges Braque showed this in the painting Houses at l'Estaque.
At the time, Pablo Picasso was influenced by Gauguin, Cezanne, African masks and Iberian sculpture while Georges Braque was interested mainly in developing Cezanne's ideas of multiple perspectives.
In 1912, they began to experiment with collage and Georges Braque invented the papier colle technique.
In May 1915, Georges Braque received a severe head injury in battle at Carency and suffered temporary blindness.
Georges Braque was trepanned, and required a long period of recuperation.
Georges Braque painted many still life subjects during this time, maintaining his emphasis on structure.
Georges Braque continued to work during the remainder of his life, producing a considerable number of paintings, graphics, and sculptures.
In 1962 Georges Braque worked with master printmaker Aldo Crommelynck to create his series of etchings and aquatints titled L'Ordre des Oiseaux, which was accompanied by the poet Saint-John Perse's text.
Georges Braque is buried in the cemetery of the Church of St Valery in Varengeville-sur-Mer, Normandy whose windows he designed.
Georges Braque's work is in most major museums throughout the world.
Georges Braque adopted a monochromatic and neutral color palette in the belief that such a palette would emphasize the subject matter.
In contrast to Picasso, who continuously reinvented his style of painting, producing both representational and cubist images, and incorporating surrealist ideas into his work, Georges Braque continued in the Cubist style, producing luminous, other-worldly still life and figure compositions.