15 Facts About Juan Gris


Jose Victoriano Gonzalez-Perez, better known as Juan Gris, was a Spanish painter born in Madrid who lived and worked in France for most of his active period.


In 1912 Juan Gris met Charlotte Augusta Fernande Herpin, known as Josette.


Juan Gris submitted darkly humorous illustrations to journals such as the anarchist satirical magazine L'Assiette au Beurre, and Le Rire, Le Charivari, and Le Cri de Paris.


In Paris, Juan Gris followed the lead of Metzinger and another friend and fellow countryman, Pablo Picasso.


Juan Gris began to paint seriously in 1911, developing at this time a personal Cubist style.


Juan Gris exhibited for the first time at the 1912 Salon des Independants.


In 1912, Juan Gris exhibited at the Exposicio d'art cubista, Galeries Dalmau in Barcelona, the first declared group exhibition of Cubism worldwide; the gallery Der Sturm in Berlin; the Salon de la Societe Normande de Peinture Moderne in Rouen; and the Salon de la Section d'Or in Paris.


At first Juan Gris painted in the style of Analytical Cubism, a term he himself later coined, but after 1913 he began his conversion to Synthetic Cubism, of which he became a steadfast interpreter, with extensive use of papier colle or, collage.


Unlike Picasso and Braque, whose Cubist works were practically monochromatic, Juan Gris painted with bright harmonious colors in daring, novel combinations in the manner of his friend Matisse.


Juan Gris exhibited with the painters of the Puteaux Group in the Salon de la Section d'Or in 1912.


Juan Gris's preference for clarity and order influenced the Purist style of Amedee Ozenfant and Charles Edouard Jeanneret, and made Gris an important exemplar of the post-war "return to order" movement.


Juan Gris articulated most of his aesthetic theories during 1924 and 1925.


Juan Gris delivered his definitive lecture, Des possibilites de la peinture, at the Sorbonne in 1924.


Major Juan Gris exhibitions took place at the Galerie Simon in Paris and the Galerie Flechtheim in Berlin in 1923 and at the Galerie Flechtheim in Dusseldorf in 1925.


Juan Gris died of kidney failure in Boulogne-sur-Seine on 11 May 1927, at the age of 40, leaving a wife, Josette, and a son, Georges.