10 Facts About Montmartre


Montmartre is primarily known for its artistic history, the white-domed Basilica of the Sacre-Cœur on its summit, as well as a nightclub district.

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Montmartre built a small chapel, called the Martyrium, at the site where it was believed that Saint Denis had been decapitated.

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In 1871, Montmartre was the site of the beginning of the revolutionary uprising of the Paris Commune.

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The heights of Montmartre were retaken by the French Army with heavy fighting at the end of May 1871, during what became known as the Semaine Sanglante, or "Bloody Week".

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Montmartre ran for a seat in the council of the Paris Commune, but received less than eight hundred votes.

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Paris Commune French Army

Montmartre did not participate in the Commune, and was out of the city when the Commune was suppressed by the French army.

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Artists who performed in the cabarets of Montmartre included Yvette Guilbert, Marcelle Lender, Aristide Bruant, La Goulue, Georges Guibourg, Mistinguett, Frehel, Jane Avril, and Damia.

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Musee de Montmartre is in the house where the painters Maurice Utrillo and Suzanne Valadon lived and worked in second-floor studios.

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Montmartre is an officially designated historic district with limited development allowed in order to maintain its historic character.

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An inclined railway, the Funiculaire de Montmartre, operated by the RATP, ascends the hill from the south while the Montmartre bus circles the hill.

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