26 Facts About Danube


Danube is a river that was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire and today connects 10 European countries, running through their territories or being a border.

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The Danube passes through four capital cities, more than any other river in the world.

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Danube is the second-longest river in Europe, after the Volga in Russia.

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Middle Mongolian name for the Danube was transliterated as Tho-na in 1829 by Jean-Pierre Abel-Remusat.

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The Finnish word for Danube is Tonava, which is most likely derived from the name of the river in German,.

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Danube proposes that the Romanian name is a loanword from a Turkic language .

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Danube is navigable by ocean ships from the Black Sea to Braila in Romania, and further on by river ships to Kelheim, Bavaria, Germany; smaller craft can navigate further upstream to Ulm, Wurttemberg, Germany.

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In 1994 the Danube was declared one of ten Pan-European transport corridors, routes in Central and Eastern Europe that required major investment over the following ten to fifteen years.

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Danube Delta is the largest river delta in the European Union.

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Danube Delta is the best-preserved river delta in Europe, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a Ramsar Site.

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International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River is an organization that consists of 14 member states and the European Union.

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Danube Commission is concerned with the maintenance and improvement of the river's navigation conditions.

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On many days in the summer, when the Danube carries little water, it completely oozes away noisily into these underground channels at two locations in the Swabian Alb, which are referred to as the Donauversickerung .

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The European Water Divide applies only for those waters that pass beyond this point, and only during the days of the year when the Danube carries enough water to survive the sinkholes in the Donauversickerung.

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Hydrological parameters of Danube are regularly monitored in Croatia at Batina, Dalj, Vukovar and Ilok.

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Danube basin was the site of some of the earliest human cultures.

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Under the Romans, the Danube formed the border of the Empire with the tribes to the north almost from its source to its mouth.

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Oldest bridge across the Danube, constructed by Apollodorus of Damascus between 103 and 105 CE, directed by Trajan, modern Serbia and Romania.

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Between the late 14th and late 19th centuries, the Ottoman Empire competed first with the Kingdom of Serbia, Second Bulgarian Empire, Kingdom of Hungary, Principality of Wallachia, Principality of Moldavia and later with the Austrian Habsburgs, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and Russian Empire for controlling the Danube, which became the northern border of the Ottoman Empire for centuries.

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Along its course, the Danube is a source of drinking water for about 20 million people.

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Today, as "Corridor VII" of the European Union, the Danube is an important transport route.

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Downstream from the Freudenau locks in Vienna, canalization of the Danube was limited to the Gabcikovo dam and locks near Bratislava and the two double Iron Gate locks in the border stretch of the Danube between Serbia and Romania.

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Importance of fishing on the Danube, which was critical in the Middle Ages, has declined dramatically.

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Important tourist and natural spots along the Danube include the Wachau Valley, the Nationalpark Donau-Auen in Austria, Gemenc in Hungary, the Naturpark Obere Donau in Germany, Kopacki rit in Croatia, Iron Gate in Serbia and Romania, the Danube Delta in Romania, and the Srebarna Nature Reserve in Bulgaria.

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Danube region is not only culturally and historically of importance, but due to its fascinating landmarks and sights important for the regional tourism industry.

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Danube Bike Trail is a bicycle trail along the river.

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