30 Facts About Gothenburg


Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden, fifth-largest in the Nordic countries, and capital of the Vastra Gotaland County.

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Gothenburg was founded as a heavily fortified, primarily Dutch, trading colony, by royal charter in 1621 by King Gustavus Adolphus.

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Gothenburg is home to many students, as the city includes the University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology.

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Gothenburg is one of few Swedish cities to still have an official and widely used exonym.

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The Gothenburg municipality has reverted to the use of the English name in international contexts.

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Site of the first church built in Gothenburg, subsequently destroyed by Danish invaders, is marked by a stone near the north end of the Alvsborg Bridge in the Farjenas Park.

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The planning of the streets and canals of Gothenburg closely resembled that of Jakarta, which was built by the Dutch around the same time.

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Gothenburg grew into a significant port and trade centre on the west coast, because it was the only city on the west coast that, along with Marstrand, was granted the rights to trade with merchants from other countries.

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Harbour developed into Sweden's main harbour for trade towards the west, and when Swedish emigration to the United States increased, Gothenburg became Sweden's main point of departure for these travellers.

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Gothenburg is located on the west coast, in southwestern Sweden, about halfway between the capital cities of Copenhagen and Oslo .

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Gothenburg has several parks and nature reserves ranging in size from tens of square meters to hundreds of hectares.

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One of Gothenburg's most popular natural tourist attractions is the southern Gothenburg archipelago, which is a set of several islands that can be reached by ferry boats mainly operating from Saltholmen.

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International Science Festival in Gothenburg is an annual festival since April 1997, in central Gothenburg with thought-provoking science activities for the public.

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Gothenburg has a diverse music community—the Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra is the best-known in classical music.

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Gothenburg was the birthplace of the Swedish composer Kurt Atterberg.

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Gothenburg is the birthplace of football in Sweden as the first football match in Sweden was played there in 1892.

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Gothenburg is home to the Gothenburg Sharks, a professional baseball team in the Elitserien division of baseball in Sweden.

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Gothenburg port has come to be the largest harbour in Scandinavia.

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Apart from trade, the second pillar of Gothenburg has traditionally been manufacturing and industry, which significantly contributes to the city's wealth.

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Gothenburg is the terminus of the Valdemar-Goteborg gas pipeline, which brings natural gas from the North Sea fields to Sweden, through Denmark.

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Gothenburg is classified as a global city by GaWC, with a ranking of Gamma.

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Gothenburg became a city municipality with an elected city council when the first Swedish local government acts were implemented in 1863.

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Gothenburg has two universities, both of which started as colleges founded by private donations in the 19th century.

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Gothenburg is an intermodal logistics hub and Gothenburg harbour has access to Sweden and Norway via rail and trucks.

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Gothenburg harbour is the largest port in Scandinavia with a cargo turnover of 36.

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Two of the noted people from Gothenburg are fictional, but have become synonymous with "people from Gothenburg".

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Gothenburg has performed well in international rankings, some of which are mentioned below:The Global Destination Sustainability Index has named Gothenburg the world's most sustainable destination every year since 2016.

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In 2019 Gothenburg was selected by the EU as one of the top 2020 European Capitals of Smart Tourism.

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Gothenburg Award is the city's international prize that recognises and supports work to achieve sustainable development – in the Gothenburg region and from a global perspective.

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Gothenburg had signed an agreement with Shanghai in 1986 which was upgraded in 2003 to include exchanges in culture, economics, trade and sport.

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