59 Facts About Oslo


The municipality of Oslo had a population of 702, 543 in 2022, while the city's greater urban area had a population of 1, 019, 513 in 2019, and the metropolitan area had an estimated population of 1.

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Oslo was founded as a city at the end of the Viking Age in 1040 under the name Anslo, and established as a kaupstad or trading place in 1048 by Harald Hardrada.

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In 1948 Oslo merged with Aker, a municipality which surrounded the capital and which was 27 times larger, thus creating the modern, much larger Oslo municipality.

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Oslo is a pilot city of the Council of Europe and the European Commission intercultural cities programme.

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Oslo is considered a global city and was ranked "Beta World City" in studies carried out by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network in 2008.

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In 2013 Oslo tied with the Australian city of Melbourne as the fourth most expensive city in the world, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit's Worldwide Cost of Living study.

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Oslo was ranked as the 24th most liveable city in the world by Monocle magazine.

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Oslo's population was increasing at record rates during the early 2000s, making it the fastest growing major city in Europe at the time.

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City of Oslo was established as a municipality on 3 January 1838.

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Erroneously, it was once assumed that Oslo meant "the mouth of the Lo river", a supposed previous name for the river Alna.

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Oslo is one of very few cities in Norway, besides Bergen and Tønsberg, that does not have a formal coat of arms, but which uses a city seal instead.

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Oslo is seated on a throne with lion decorations, which at the time was commonly used by the Norwegian kings.

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Oslo started the construction of the Akershus Fortress and the Oslo Kongsgard.

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The fact that the University of Oslo was founded as late as 1811 had an adverse effect on the development of the nation.

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Oslo was destroyed several times by fire, and after the fourteenth calamity, in 1624, Christian IV of Denmark and Norway ordered it rebuilt at a new site across the bay, near Akershus Castle and given the name Christiania.

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Oslo started building Akershus Fortress and was the first king to reside permanently in the city, which helped to make Oslo the capital of Norway.

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Oslo's men built a network of roads in Akershagen near Akershus Castle.

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Oslo demanded that all citizens should move their shops and workplaces to the newly built city Christiania, named as an honor to the king.

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At that time the area called Oslo was a village or suburb outside the city borders east of Aker river.

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In 1948, Oslo merged with Aker, a municipality which surrounded the capital and which was 27 times larger, thus creating the modern, vastly enlarged Oslo municipality.

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Oslo was the name of an eastern suburb – it had been the site of the city centre, until the devastating 1624 fire.

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Oslo was quickly occupied after valiant efforts by the overmatched defenders.

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Oslo remained occupied throughout the war until the Nazi retreat in 1944.

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Oslo sits right on the border between hardiness zones 7a and 7b.

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Oslo has many parks and green areas within the city core, as well as outside it.

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Oslo's cityscape is being redeveloped as a modern city with various access-points, an extensive metro-system with a new financial district and a cultural city.

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Oslo added a classical portico to the front of an older structure, and a semicircular auditorium that was sequestered by Parliament in 1814 as a temporary place to assemble, now preserved at Norsk Folkemuseum as a national monument.

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Oslo is the capital of Norway, and as such is the seat of Norway's national government.

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The post was created with the implementation of parliamentarism in Oslo and is similar to the role of the prime minister at the national level.

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Oslo has a varied and strong economy and was ranked number one among European large cities in economic potential in the fDi Magazine report European Cities of the Future 2012.

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Oslo is an important centre of maritime knowledge in Europe and is home to approximately 1980 companies and 8, 500 employees within the maritime sector.

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Det Norske Veritas, headquartered at Høvik outside Oslo, is one of the three major maritime classification societies in the world, with 16.

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In 2003, Oslo received The European Sustainable City Award and in 2007 Reader's Digest ranked Oslo as number two on a list of the world's greenest, most liveable cities.

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The climate action plan for the Port of Oslo includes refitting ferry boats, implementing a low-carbon contracting process, and installing shore power for vessels which are docked.

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The greater Oslo region has several higher educational institutions and is home to more than 73, 000 students.

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The University of Oslo is the largest institution for higher education in Norway with 27, 400 students and 7, 028 employees in total.

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Oslo has a large and varied number of cultural attractions, which include several buildings containing artwork from Edvard Munch and various other international artists but several Norwegian artists.

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Only two restaurants in Oslo have a BIB gourmand mention: Restaurant Eik and Smalhans.

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Norway's principal orchestra is the Oslo Philharmonic, based at the Oslo Concert Hall since 1977.

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Oslo has hosted the Eurovision Song Contest twice, in 1996 and 2010.

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For instance, Nobel Prize-winning author Sigrid Undset grew up in Oslo, and described her life there in the autobiographical novel Elleve ar.

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Oslo is home to the Holmenkollen National Arena and Holmenkollbakken, the country's main biathlon and Nordic skiing venues.

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Oslo hosted the Biathlon World Championships in 1986, 1990, 2000, 2002 and 2016.

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Oslo is the home of several football clubs in the Norwegian league system.

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Oslo Spektrum is used for large ice hockey and handball matches.

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The 1999 IIHF World Championship in ice hockey were held in Oslo, as have three Bandy World Championships, in 1961, 1977 and 1985.

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Oslo is home to the Oslo Pretenders Sportsklubb, a club that hosts a baseball, softball, basketball, and disc golf teams.

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Oslo was bidding to host the 2022 Winter Olympics, but later withdrew on 2 October 2014.

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Oslo is commonly regarded as one of the safest capitals in Europe.

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The National Criminal Investigation Service is located in Oslo, which is a Norwegian special police division under the NMJP.

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Oslo has Norway's most extensive public transport system, managed by Ruter.

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Oslo is covered by a bus network consisting of 52 city lines, as well as regional buses to the neighboring county of Akershus.

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Oslo has made an effort since the late 2000s in restricting private car use, as well promoting the use of electric vehicles above fossil-fueled vehicles.

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In 2018, Oslo banned all non-resident cars from its downtown areas.

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The high amount of electric vehicles in Oslo can be attributed to cheaper tolls, no vehicle import tax, no VAT, free parking, and access to bus lanes throughout the city.

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Oslo has the largest population of immigrants and Norwegians born to immigrant parents in Norway, both in relative and absolute figures.

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Oslo is a pilot city of the Council of Europe and the European Commission's Intercultural cities programme, along with a number of other European cities.

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Oslo was formerly twinned with Madison, Tel Aviv and Vilnius, but has since abolished the concept of twin cities.

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Oslo has a tradition of sending a Christmas tree every year to the cities of Washington, D C ; New York City; London; Edinburgh; Rotterdam; Antwerp and Reykjavik.

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