49 Facts About Jakarta


Jakarta is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Southeast Asia.

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Jakarta was officially a city within West Java until 1960, when its official status was changed to a province with special capital region distinction.

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Jakarta is an alpha world city and is the seat of the ASEAN secretariat, Financial institutions such as the Bank of Indonesia, Indonesia Stock Exchange, and corporate headquarters of numerous Indonesian companies and multinational corporations are located in the city.

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North coast area of western Java including Jakarta was the location of prehistoric Buni culture that flourished from 400 BC to 100 AD.

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The area in and around modern Jakarta was part of the 4th-century Sundanese kingdom of Tarumanagara, one of the oldest Hindu kingdoms in Indonesia.

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The city, now renamed Jakarta, was officially proclaimed the national capital of Indonesia.

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Jakarta cleared out slum dwellers for new development projects — some for the benefit of the Suharto family, — and attempted to eliminate rickshaws and ban street vendors.

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Jakarta began control of migration to the city to stem overcrowding and poverty.

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The Greater Jakarta area includes three bordering regencies and five adjacent cities .

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Jakarta is situated on the northwest coast of Java, at the mouth of the Ciliwung River on Jakarta Bay, an inlet of the Java Sea.

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The northern part of Jakarta is plain land, some areas of which are below sea level, and subject to frequent flooding.

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The rivers of Jakarta are highly polluted and currently unsuitable for drinking water.

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Jakarta has architecturally significant buildings spanning distinct historical and cultural periods.

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Schultze's works include Jakarta Art Building, the Indonesia Supreme Court Building and Ministry of Finance Building, while Cuypers designed Bank Indonesia Museum and Bank Mandiri Museum.

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The National Monument in Jakarta, designed by Sukarno, is Indonesia's beacon of nationalism.

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The Golden Triangle of Jakarta is one of the fastest evolving CBD's in the Asia-Pacific region.

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Jakarta has a tropical monsoon climate according to the Koppen climate classification system.

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Jakarta is pluralistic and religiously diverse, without a majority ethnic group.

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Batak in Jakarta mostly speak Indonesian, while the older generation tend to speak their native languages such as Batak and Karo, depending on which ancestral town and places from North Sumatra they come from.

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Many Islamic organisations have headquarters in Jakarta, including Nahdlatul Ulama, Indonesian Ulema Council, Muhammadiyah, and Jaringan Islam Liberal.

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Roman Catholic community has a Metropolis, the Archdiocese of Jakarta that includes West Java as part of the ecclesiastical province.

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Indonesia is the largest economy of ASEAN, and Jakarta is the economic nerve centre of the Indonesian archipelago.

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Jakarta ranked at 21 in the list of Cities Of Economic Influence Index in 2020 by CEOWORLD magazine.

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Savills Resilient Cities Index has predicted Jakarta to be within the top 20 cities in the world by 2028.

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Jakarta's economy depends highly on manufacturing and service sectors such as banking, trading and financial.

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Knight Frank, a global real estate consultancy based in London, reported in 2014 that Jakarta offered the highest return on high-end property investment in the world in 2013, citing a supply shortage and a sharply depreciated currency as reasons.

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Fashion retail brands in Jakarta include Debenhams, in Senayan City and Lippo Mall Kemang Village, Japanese Sogo, Seibu in Grand Indonesia Shopping Town, and French brand, Galeries Lafayette, at Pacific Place.

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Jakarta is trying to attract more international tourist by MICE tourism, by arranging increasing numbers of conventions.

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Some major private universities in Jakarta are Trisakti University, The Christian University of Indonesia, Mercu Buana University, Tarumanagara University, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Pelita Harapan University, Pertamina University, Bina Nusantara University, Jayabaya University, and Pancasila University.

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Art Jakarta is a contemporary art fair, which is held annually.

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Several foreign art and culture centres in Jakarta promote culture and language through learning centres, libraries and art galleries.

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Lenggang Jakarta is a food court, accommodating small traders and street vendors, where Indonesian foods are available within a single compound.

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Jakarta hosted the 1962 Asian Games, and the 2018 Asian Games, co-hosted by Palembang.

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Jakarta International Velodrome is a sporting facility located at Rawamangun, which was used as a venue for the 2018 Asian Games.

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Jakarta International Equestrian Park is an equestrian sports venue located at Pulomas, which was used as a venue for 2018 Asian Games.

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Jakarta is home to most of Indonesian national newspapers, besides some local-based newspapers.

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Daily local newspapers in Jakarta are Pos Kota and Warta Kota, as well as the now-defunct Indopos.

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Jakarta is the headquarters for Indonesia's public television TVRI as well as private national television networks, such as Metro TV, tvOne, Kompas TV, RCTI and NET.

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Jakarta has local television channels such as TVRI Jakarta, JakTV, Elshinta TV and KTV.

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Jakarta is administratively equal to a province with special status.

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Only administrative regency of Jakarta is the Thousand Islands, formerly a district within North Jakarta.

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Jakarta was awarded 2021 global Sustainable Transport Award for integrated public transportation system.

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The city administration is building transit oriented development like Dukuh Atas TOD and CSW-ASEAN TOD in several area across Jakarta to facilitate commuters to transfer between different mode of public transportation.

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Jakarta is part of the Maritime Silk Road that runs from the Chinese coast via the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean and there to the Upper Adriatic region.

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Jakarta has many of the country's best-equipped private and public healthcare facilities.

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Jakarta serves as the seat of Association of Southeast Asian Nations Secretariat and is ASEAN's diplomatic capital.

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Jakarta is a member of the Asian Network of Major Cities 21, C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group and ASEAN Smart Cities Network.

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Jakarta signed sister city agreements with other cities, including Casablanca.

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Jakarta has established a partnership with Rotterdam, especially on integrated urban water management, including capacity-building and knowledge exchange.

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