21 Facts About North Sumatra


North Sumatra is a province of Indonesia located on the northern part of the island of Sumatra.

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North Sumatra is Indonesia's fourth most populous province after West Java, East Java and Central Java, and the most populous in the island of Sumatra.

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North Sumatra is rich in natural resources such as natural gas and petroleum which has been explored since the days of the Dutch East Indies.

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Around the year 1500 in east coast of North Sumatra, there were several kingdoms, namely the Nagur, Aru, Panai, and Batangiou kingdoms.

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North Sumatra province itself was an amalgamation of three administrative regions called Residencies namely: the Residency of Aceh, the East Sumatra Residency, and the Residency of Tapanuli.

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The revolution brought about the formation of the State of East North Sumatra, which was dissolved when the region became part of the Indonesian republic.

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East North Sumatra Union had been formed in 1938 by the westernized Malay elites to reassert Malay and Simalungun ethnic interests through support from the Dutch.

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In North Sumatra, there are currently two national parks, the Gunung Leuser National Park and Batang Gadis National Park.

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Administrative center of North Sumatra is located in the city Medan, governed by a governor.

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In 1950, North Sumatra Province was formed including the former residencies of East Sumatra, Tapanuli, and Aceh.

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North Sumatra is currently subdivided into 25 regencies and 8 autonomous cities, listed below with their populations at the 1 May 2010 census, the 1 May 2015 Intermediate census, and the 2020 census, together with their official estimates for mid 2021.

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Mostly ethnic Chinese in North Sumatra are fluent in Hokkien, with small communities speaking Cantonese, Hainanese and Mandarin unlike their counterpart in other part of Indonesia.

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North Sumatra hosted various ethnics, religion and tradition, the cultures of North Sumatra mainly based by Batak, Malay and Nias, as the homeland of them respective ethnics, with adding other cultures such as Chinese, Indian and Javanese.

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The culture are often promoted as tourism agenda by the province and national government as to show to the public that North Sumatra has differences culture and tradition but united as one part of provinces.

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Malay traditional houses in North Sumatra are not much different from Malay houses in other provinces, only the green and yellow color is more dominant.

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The Northern Sumatra capital of Medan is a Batak cuisine hotspot where numerous of Lapo can be found anywhere across the province, it even expanded into neighbouring provinces such as Riau, Riau Islands, even capital Jakarta and neighbouring country like in Penang, Malaysia and Singapore.

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North Sumatra is rich in natural resources such as natural gas in the area of Tandam, Binjai and petroleum in Pangkalan Brandan, Langkat which has been explored since the days of the Dutch East Indies.

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North Sumatra produces rubber, cocoa, tea, palm oil, coffee, cloves, coconut, cinnamon, and tobacco.

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North Sumatra has several industrial sites, mainly around Deli Serdang.

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Coffee exports from North Sumatra reached a record high of 46,290 tonnes with Japan as the main export destination countries during the last five years.

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North Sumatra has an international seaport at Belawan, near Medan and is preparing to have a new seaport at Kuala Tanjung, in Batubara Regency, for about Rp1 trillion budget.

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