30 Facts About Central Java


Central Java is a province of Indonesia, located in the middle of the island of Java.

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Central Java is a cultural concept that includes the Yogyakarta Special Region, in turn including the city of Yogyakarta; however, administratively that city and its surrounding regencies have formed a separate special region since the country's independence, and is administrated separately.

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Central Java was the centre of the Indonesian independence movement.

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Origin of the name "Central Java" can be traced from the Sanskrit chronicle which mentions the existence of an island called yavadvip.

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Central Java has been inhabited by humans or their ancestors since prehistoric times.

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The writing, as well as Hinduism and Buddhism, were brought by the Indians from South Asia, at the time of Central Java was a centre of power in Java back then.

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The kingdoms in Central Java had previously based their power on agriculture, but Majapahit had succeeded in seizing ports and shipping lanes, in a bid to become the first commercial empire on Central Java.

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The Sultanate of Demak was the first recorded Islamic kingdom in Central Java, first led by one of the descendants of the Majapahit emperor Raden Patah, who converted to Islam.

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The Java War between 1825 and 1830 ravaged Central Java, which resulted in a consolidation of the Dutch power.

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Province of Central Java was formalised on 15 August 1950, excluding Yogyakarta but including Surakarta.

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Southern Serayu Mountains are part of the South Central Java Basin located in the southern part of the province.

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Rivers that empty into the Central Java Sea include the Bengawan Solo River, Kali Pemali, Kali Comal, and Kali Bodri, while the ones that empty into the Indian Ocean include Serayu River, Bogowonto River, Luk Ulo River and Progo River.

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Bengawan Solo is the longest river on the island of Central Java ; has a spring in the Sewu Mountains, this river flows to the north, crosses the City of Surakarta, and finally goes to East Central Java and empties into the Gresik area.

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Today, Central Java is divided into 29 regencies and six cities, the latter being independent of any regency.

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Central Java considered the former as orthodox Muslims and the latter as nominal Muslims that devote more energy to indigenous traditions.

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The former is spoken in the western part of Central Java, consisting of the Banyumasan dialects and Tegal dialects.

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Some parts of the districts of Brebes and Cilacap speak Sundanese, the western part of Central Java is the border between the Javanese people and Sundanese people worlds in the western of Java.

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Central Java is considered to be the heart of the Javanese culture.

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Architecture of Central Java is characterised by the juxtaposition of the old and the new and a wide variety of architectural styles, the legacy of many successive influences from the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, China, and Europe.

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Central Java is famous and well known for its exquisite batik, a generic wax-resist dyeing technique used on textiles.

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The dances of the courts of Central Java are usually slow and graceful with no excessive gestures.

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Central Java is the best-known of all Javanese writers and one of the most prolific.

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Central Java is known as bujangga panutup or "the last court poet".

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Central Java was an author of novels, short stories, essays, polemics, and histories of his homeland and its people.

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Central Java faced extrajudicial punishment for opposing the policies of both President Sukarno and Suharto.

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Central Java is connected to the Trans-Java Toll Road which currently runs from Merak in Banten to Probolinggo, East-Java.

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Central Java was the province that first introduced a railway line in Indonesia.

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GDP in the province of Central Java was estimated to be around $US 98 billion in 2010, with a per capita income of around $US 3,300.

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Central Java is home to such notable state universities, as Diponegoro University, Semarang State University, and Walisongo Islamic University in Semarang; Sebelas Maret University in Surakarta; and Jenderal Soedirman University in Purwokerto.

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The coat of arms of Central Java depicts a legendary flask, Kundi Amerta or Cupu Manik, formed in a pentagon representing Pancasila.

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