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22 Facts About Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta is the capital of the Yogyakarta Sultanate and served as the Indonesian capital from 1946 to 1948 during the Indonesian National Revolution, with Gedung Agung as the president's office.
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One of the districts in southeastern Yogyakarta, Kotagede, was the capital of the Mataram Sultanate between 1587 and 1613.
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Yogyakarta'storians suggest that some time during the reign of King Wawa of Mataram, Merapi erupted and devastated the kingdom's capital in Mataram.
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Kotagede, now a district in southeastern Yogyakarta, was established as the capital of the Mataram Sultanate from 1587 to 1613.
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Yogyakarta's support was essential in the Indonesian struggle for independence during the Indonesian National Revolution .
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The city of Yogyakarta became the capital of the Indonesian Republic from 1946 to 1948, after the fall of Jakarta to the Dutch.
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Later the Dutch invaded Yogyakarta, causing the Republic's capital to be transferred , to Bukittinggi in West Sumatra on 19 December 1948.
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On 29 June 1949 Yogyakarta was completely cleared of Dutch forces, under pressure from the United Nations.
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Nearby to the city of Yogyakarta is Mount Merapi, with the northern outskirts of the city running up to the southern slopes of the mountain in Sleman Regency.
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City of Yogyakarta is an administrative part of the Yogyakarta Special Region which has the status of a province in Indonesia.
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However, as a city with large numbers of schools and universities and relatively low cost of living compared to other Indonesian cities, Yogyakarta has attracted significant numbers of students from all over Indonesia.
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Yogyakarta has been traditionally known as a region where different faiths live in harmony, but in recent years religious intolerance has grown.
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Yogyakarta is home to a myriad of heritage buildings, landmarks and important monuments.
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Yogyakarta Kraton is the palace and seat of the reigning Sultan of Yogyakarta located in the city.
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Yogyakarta has several historical sites, such as the Candi Prambanan temple, museums in the royal court, the Sonobudoyo Museum, and museums in colonial buildings such as the Fort Vredeburg Museum housed in a former Dutch fort.
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Yogyakarta is home to Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia's largest university and one of its most prominent.
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Yogyakarta has two passenger railway stations, Yogyakarta Station which serves business and executive class trains, and Lempuyangan Station which serves economy class trains; both stations are located in the centre of the city.
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Yogyakarta and surrounding areas have a circle highway known as the Ring Road and overpasses including Janti Overpass, Lempuyangan Overpass, and a recently built Jombor Overpass.
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Yogyakarta is served by radio and television stations covering Special Region of Yogyakarta and surrounding areas.
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