52 Facts About Surabaya


Surabaya is the capital city of the Indonesian province of East Java and the second-largest city in Indonesia, after Jakarta.

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At that time, Surabaya was already a major trading port, owing to its location on the River Brantas delta and the trade route between Malacca and the Spice Islands via the Java Sea.

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Surabaya became independent after the death of Sultan Trenggana of Demak in 1546.

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Surabaya has been one of the most important and busiest trading city ports in Asia.

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The earliest historical record of Surabaya was in the 1225 book Zhu fan zhi written by Zhao Rugua, in which it was called Jung-ya-lu.

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Surabaya first arrived at the port of Tu-pan where he saw large numbers of Chinese settlers migrated from Guangdong and Chou Chang.

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Surabaya area was once the main gate to enter the capital of the Majapahit Kingdom from the ocean, namely at the mouth of Kali Mas river.

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The settlement of Ampel, located around Ampel Mosque in today's Ampel subdistrict, Semampir district, north Surabaya, was established by a charismatic Islamic proselytiser Sunan Ampel.

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At that time, Surabaya was already a major trading port, owing to its location on the River Brantas delta and the trade route between Malacca and the Spice Islands via the Java Sea.

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Surabaya became independent after the death of Sultan Trenggana of Demak in 1546.

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Duchy of Surabaya entered a conflict with and was later captured by the more powerful Sultanate of Mataram in 1625 under Sultan Agung.

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In 1926, Surabaya was designated as the capital of the province of East Java.

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Since then Surabaya has developed into the second largest modern city in the Dutch East Indies after Batavia.

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Surabaya was the largest city in the colony serving as the center of Java's plantation economy, industry and was supported by its natural harbor.

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Population growth and rapid urbanization forced Surabaya to develop towards the East and West as it is today.

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Surabaya has grown away from a relatively small and slum city in the late 19th century, into a metropolis in the late 20th century and in the 21st century to become one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in Southeast Asia.

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In June 2011, Surabaya received the Adipura Kencana Award as number one among 20 cities in Indonesia.

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Surabaya was reported by a Singaporean as being clean and green.

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Surabaya is located on the northern coast of East Java province.

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Surabaya is among the cleanest and greenest cities in Indonesia.

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Surabaya has been awarded the ASEAN Environmentally Sustainable City Award or "the city with the best sustainable environmental management in ASEAN" in 2011 and 2014.

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In 2018, Surabaya won the Lee Kuan Yew City Prize along with Hamburg, Kazan, and Tokyo, on the basis of the ability to maintain and manage villages in the middle of the city with excellent government management and community participation amid the rapidly developing city.

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Surabaya became the first city in Indonesia to receive this award.

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The current mayor of the city is Eri Cahyadi, the city's first female mayor is Tri Rismaharini, she has led Surabaya to achieve many regional, national and international awards since her first term began in 2010.

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In 2012, Surabaya was awarded the "ASEAN Environmentally Sustainable City Award".

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Surabaya received an award at the Guangzhou International Award for Urban Innovation in the Online Popular City category and Lee Kuan Yew World City Prize in 2018.

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Surabaya is divided into thirty-one kecamatan, and subdivided into 154 kelurahan .

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Surabaya is an old city that has expanded over time, and its population continues to grow at roughly 2.

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Javanese people form the majority in Surabaya, forming around 83 percent out all population, while the Madurese and Chinese are significant minorities, forming around 7 percent respectively, the rest are Arab and other ethnics that are present.

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Surabaya has ethnic populations from other parts of Indonesia: Sundanese, Minang, Batak, Banjar, and Balinese.

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Surabaya is one of the major cities in Indonesia that has a significant population of Middle East people; there are Arabs, especially the Hadhrami people who originate from the Hadhramaut region in Yemen, Armenian people, and Jews.

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Kya-Kya, Surabaya Chinatown, used to be called as Kya-Kya Kembang Djepun.

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Surabaya was the location of the only synagogue in Java, but it rarely obtained a minyan .

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Javanese culture in Surabaya has distinctive characteristics compared to other regions, the uniqueness of its characteristics which is more egalitarian and open.

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The Surabaya Cross Culture is an annual art and culture festival that show various cultures outside Indonesia.

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Since the early 1900s, Surabaya has been one of the most important and busiest trading city ports in Asia.

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Also, Surabaya is the second-largest port city in Indonesia after Jakarta.

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Surabaya has plenty of shopping centers like other major cities of Indonesia, ranging from traditional markets to most modern shopping malls.

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Architecture in Surabaya is a mixture of colonial, Asian, Javanese, modern, and post-modern influences.

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Transportation in Surabaya is supported by land and sea infrastructure serving local, regional, and international journeys.

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Recently Surabaya has been declared as the city with the worst congestion in Indonesia, according to a survey.

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Surabaya is a transit city between Jakarta and Bali for ground transportation.

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Surabaya formerly had an approximately 50 kilometres of tram network, operated by a private company Oost-Java Stoomtram Maatschappij.

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In Surabaya it is served by city buses as a means of choice for residents of Surabaya and surrounding cities for their daily activities.

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Surabaya has a number of terminals in the city, including Joyoboyo Terminal, Bratang Terminal, Jembatan Merah Bus Stop, Ujung Baru Bus Stop, and so on.

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Congestion that occurred in Surabaya was triggered by the growth of vehicles that were not proportional to the capacity of the road.

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Surabaya has several major universities and institutions, including those with religious or technical specialties :.

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Surabaya is famous for Rawon, Rujak cingur, Semanggi, Lontong Balap, clams satay, mussels, and rice cake.

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Surabaya is a barometer and center of association football development in Indonesia.

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The association football sector in Indonesia and specifically Surabaya became more developed, and the football association of Indonesia founded a semi-professional competition in 1979, which was named the Main Football League .

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Surabaya has a women's soccer team, which was founded in 1977 and named Puteri Puspita.

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Many children start out their career from Surabaya and have made it to the national and sometimes international level.

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