27 Facts About Bali


Bali is a province of Indonesia and the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands.

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Bali is the only Hindu-majority province in Indonesia, with 86.

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Bali is part of the Coral Triangle, the area with the highest biodiversity of marine species, especially fish and turtles.

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Bali is the home of the Subak irrigation system, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Bali was inhabited around 2000 BCE by Austronesian people who migrated originally from the island of Taiwan to Southeast Asia and Oceania through Maritime Southeast Asia.

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The name Bali dwipa has been discovered from various inscriptions, including the Blanjong pillar inscription written by Sri Kesari Warmadewa in 914 AD and mentioning Walidwipa.

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Mass Javanese immigration to Bali occurred in the next century when the Majapahit Empire fell in 1520.

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Bali was mapped in 1512, in the chart of Francisco Rodrigues, aboard the expedition.

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Wallace's trip to Bali was instrumental in helping him devise his Wallace Line theory.

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Dutch rule over Bali came later and was never as well established as in other parts of Indonesia such as Java and Maluku.

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In 1945, Bali was liberated by the British 5th infantry Division under the command of Major-General Robert Mansergh who took the Japanese surrender.

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Bali was included in the "Republic of the United States of Indonesia" when the Netherlands recognised Indonesian independence on 29 December 1949.

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Bali has no major waterways, although the Ho River is navigable by small sampan boats.

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When sea levels dropped during the Pleistocene ice age, Bali was connected to Java and Sumatra and to the mainland of Asia and shared the Asian fauna, but the deep water of the Lombok Strait continued to keep Lombok Island and the Lesser Sunda archipelago isolated.

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Until the early 20th century, Bali was possibly home to several large mammals: leopard and the endemic Bali tiger.

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The second monkey, endemic to Java and some surrounding islands such as Bali, is far rarer and more elusive and is the Javan langur, locally known as "lutung".

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Bali is famous for its artisans who produce a vast array of handicrafts, including batik and ikat cloth and clothing, wooden carvings, stone carvings, painted art and silverware.

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Bali received the Best Island award from Travel and Leisure in 2010.

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Bali won because of its attractive surroundings, diverse tourist attractions, excellent international and local restaurants, and the friendliness of the local people.

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Bali had visited and performed in several Southeast Asian cities early in his career, including Bangkok and Singapore.

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Pre-modern Bali had four castes, as Jeff Lewis and Belinda Lewis state, but with a "very strong tradition of communal decision-making and interdependence".

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Bali tradition adopted the pre-existing animistic traditions of the indigenous people.

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Bali is renowned for its diverse and sophisticated art forms, such as painting, sculpture, woodcarving, handcrafts, and performing arts.

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Bali is a major world surfing destination with popular breaks dotted across the southern coastline and around the offshore island of Nusa Lembongan.

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In football, Bali is home to Bali United football club, which plays in Liga 1.

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Harbiansyah Hanafiah, the main commissioner of Bali United explained that he changed the name and moved the home base because there was no representative from Bali in the highest football tier in Indonesia.

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In June 2012, Subak, the irrigation system for paddy fields in Jatiluwih, central Bali was enlisted as a Natural UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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