33 Facts About Indonesia


Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans.

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Indonesia is the world's largest archipelagic state and the 14th-largest country by area, at 1,904,569 square kilometres.

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However, it was not until 1949 that the Dutch recognised Indonesia's sovereignty following an armed and diplomatic conflict between the two.

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Indonesia's "New Order" administration, supported by the United States, encouraged foreign direct investment, which was a crucial factor in the subsequent three decades of substantial economic growth.

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Indonesia was the country hardest hit by the 1997 Asian financial crisis.

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In 1999, East Timor seceded from Indonesia, following its 1975 invasion by Indonesia and a 25-year occupation marked by international condemnation of human rights abuses.

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The country's Coordinating Ministry for Maritime and Investments Affairs says Indonesia has 17,504 islands scattered over both sides of the equator, around 6,000 of which are inhabited.

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Indonesia has two seasons—a wet season and a dry season—with no extremes of summer or winter.

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Indonesia's climate is almost entirely tropical, dominated by the tropical rainforest climate found on every large island of Indonesia.

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Several studies consider Indonesia to be at severe risk from the projected effects of climate change.

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Tectonically, most of Indonesia's area is highly unstable, making it a site of numerous volcanoes and frequent earthquakes.

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Indonesia is one of the Coral Triangle countries with the world's most enormous diversity of coral reef fish, with more than 1,650 species in eastern Indonesia only.

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The report indicates that Indonesia's performance is generally below average in both regional and global context.

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The Supreme Court of Indonesia is the highest level of the judicial branch and hears final cessation appeals and conducts case reviews.

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Indonesia has been a member of the United Nations since 1950 and was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

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Indonesia is a signatory to the ASEAN Free Trade Area agreement, the Cairns Group, the World Trade Organization, and an occasional OPEC member.

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Indonesia has been a humanitarian and development aid recipient since 1967, and recently, the country established its first overseas aid programme in late 2019.

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Indonesia has a mixed economy in which the private sector and government play vital roles.

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Indonesia has a long history of developing military and small commuter aircraft.

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Indonesia collaborated with EADS CASA of Spain to develop the CN-235, which has been used by several countries.

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Indonesia has joined the South Korean programme to manufacture the 4.

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Indonesia has a space programme and space agency, the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space.

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Since 2011, Wonderful Indonesia has been the country's international marketing campaign slogan to promote tourism.

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Indonesia has nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Komodo National Park and the Sawahlunto Coal Mine; and a further 19 in a tentative list that includes Bunaken National Park and Raja Ampat Islands.

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Indonesia is an ethnically diverse country, with around 1,300 distinct native ethnic groups.

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Buddhism arrived around the 6th century, and its history in Indonesia is closely related to that of Hinduism, as some empires based on Buddhism had their roots around the same period.

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Since most left after Indonesia proclaimed independence, Judaism was never accorded official status, and only a tiny number of Jews remain today, mostly in Jakarta and Surabaya.

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Indonesia currently holds twelve items of UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage, including a wayang puppet theatre, kris, batik, pencak silat, angklung, gamelan, and the three genres of traditional Balinese dance.

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Indonesia has various clothing styles due to its long and rich cultural history.

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The Javanese Batik and Kebaya are arguably Indonesia's most recognised national costumes, though they have Sundanese and Balinese origins as well.

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Many of Indonesia's peoples have firmly rooted oral traditions, which help define and preserve their cultural identities.

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Indonesia is among the few countries that have won the Thomas and Uber Cup, the world team championship of men's and women's badminton.

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In Southeast Asia, Indonesia is one of the top sports powerhouses by topping the SEA Games medal table ten times since 1977, most recently in 2011.

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