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33 Facts About Indonesia
Indonesia is the world's largest archipelagic state and the 14th-largest country by area, at 1,904,569 square kilometres.
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However, it was not until 1949 that the Dutch recognised Indonesia's sovereignty following an armed and diplomatic conflict between the two.
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Indonesia's "New Order" administration, supported by the United States, encouraged foreign direct investment, which was a crucial factor in the subsequent three decades of substantial economic growth.
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Indonesia was the country hardest hit by the 1997 Asian financial crisis.
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In 1999, East Timor seceded from Indonesia, following its 1975 invasion by Indonesia and a 25-year occupation marked by international condemnation of human rights abuses.
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The country's Coordinating Ministry for Maritime and Investments Affairs says Indonesia has 17,504 islands scattered over both sides of the equator, around 6,000 of which are inhabited.
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Indonesia has two seasons—a wet season and a dry season—with no extremes of summer or winter.
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Indonesia's climate is almost entirely tropical, dominated by the tropical rainforest climate found on every large island of Indonesia.
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Several studies consider Indonesia to be at severe risk from the projected effects of climate change.
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Tectonically, most of Indonesia's area is highly unstable, making it a site of numerous volcanoes and frequent earthquakes.
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Indonesia is one of the Coral Triangle countries with the world's most enormous diversity of coral reef fish, with more than 1,650 species in eastern Indonesia only.
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The report indicates that Indonesia's performance is generally below average in both regional and global context.
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The Supreme Court of Indonesia is the highest level of the judicial branch and hears final cessation appeals and conducts case reviews.
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Indonesia has been a humanitarian and development aid recipient since 1967, and recently, the country established its first overseas aid programme in late 2019.
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Indonesia has a mixed economy in which the private sector and government play vital roles.
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Indonesia has a long history of developing military and small commuter aircraft.
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Indonesia collaborated with EADS CASA of Spain to develop the CN-235, which has been used by several countries.
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Indonesia has joined the South Korean programme to manufacture the 4.
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Indonesia has a space programme and space agency, the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space.
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Since 2011, Wonderful Indonesia has been the country's international marketing campaign slogan to promote tourism.
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Indonesia is an ethnically diverse country, with around 1,300 distinct native ethnic groups.
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Indonesia currently holds twelve items of UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage, including a wayang puppet theatre, kris, batik, pencak silat, angklung, gamelan, and the three genres of traditional Balinese dance.
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Indonesia has various clothing styles due to its long and rich cultural history.
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The Javanese Batik and Kebaya are arguably Indonesia's most recognised national costumes, though they have Sundanese and Balinese origins as well.
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Many of Indonesia's peoples have firmly rooted oral traditions, which help define and preserve their cultural identities.
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Indonesia is among the few countries that have won the Thomas and Uber Cup, the world team championship of men's and women's badminton.
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