33 Facts About Cairns


Cairns is a city in Queensland, Australia, on the tropical north east coast of Far North Queensland.

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City was founded in 1876 and named after Sir William Wellington Cairns, following the discovery of gold in the Hodgkinson river.

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Cairns served as a port for blackbirding ships, bringing slaves and indentured labourers to the sugar plantations of Innisfail.

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Cairns is a popular tourist destination because of its tropical climate and access to tropical rainforest and the Great Barrier Reef, one of the seven natural wonders of the world.

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Edmonton and White Rock south of Cairns were major military supply areas and U S Paratroopers trained at Gordonvale and the Goldsborough Valley.

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Cairns is located on the east coast of Cape York Peninsula on a coastal strip between the Coral Sea and the Great Dividing Range.

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Cairns is a provincial city, with a linear urban layout that runs from the south at Edmonton to the north at Ellis Beach.

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City centre of Cairns is adjacent to the suburbs of Cairns North, and Parramatta Park, Bungalow, Portsmith, and close to Westcourt, Manunda, Manoora, Edge Hill, Whitfield, Kanimbla, City View, Mooroobool, Earlville, Woree and Bayview Heights.

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Southside Cairns, situated in a narrow area between Trinity Inlet to the east and Lamb Range to the west, includes the suburbs of White Rock, Mount Sheridan, Bentley Park and Edmonton.

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Cairns is part of the Cairns Region local government area which is governed by a Regional Council.

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Cairns has three representatives in the Queensland Parliament, from the electoral districts of Barron River, Cairns and Mulgrave.

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Cairns serves as the major commercial centre for the Far North Queensland and Cape York Peninsula Regions.

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Great Barrier Reef tours that operate from Cairns are very popular and hence Cairns is considered as the gateway to Great Barrier Reef.

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Cairns esplanade includes a swimming lagoon with adjoining barbecue areas.

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Cairns Post is a daily newspaper published in the city; a weekly paper, The Cairns Sun, is published.

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The Cairns Bulletin is an independent newspaper in circulation in the Cairns area.

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Cairns is served by five television stations, three commercial television stations which are regional affiliates of the three Australian commercial television networks, and public broadcasters the ABC and SBS services.

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Land around Cairns is still used for sugar cane farming, although this land is increasingly under pressure from new suburbs as the city grows.

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Cairns is an important transport hub in the Far North Queensland region.

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Kennedy Highway commences at Smithfield on the Barron River flood plain north of Cairns, and ascends the Macalister Range to the township of Kuranda.

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Cairns is served by long-distance coaches to Brisbane, and regional cities to the south.

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Cairns is served by a narrow gauge cane railway network that hauls harvested sugar cane to the Mulgrave Sugar Mill located in Gordonvale.

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The domestic terminal at Cairns Airport underwent an extensive redevelopment which began in 2007 and was completed in 2010.

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The Cairns airport is a base for the Royal Flying Doctor Service.

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Cairns Seaport, located on Trinity Inlet, is operated by the Cairns Port Authority.

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Cairns Port is a port of call for cruise ships, such as Captain Cook Cruises, cruising the South Pacific Ocean.

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Cairns Hospital is situated on the Cairns Esplanade and is the major hospital for the Cape York Peninsula area.

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Cairns is a base for the Royal Flying Doctor Service, which operates clinics and provides emergency evacuations in remote communities throughout the region.

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Cairns is home to Far North Queensland Heat, who play in the 2nd tier of association football in Australia.

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The Cairns region has a large association football community with a local competition which spans from Port Douglas to Innisfail and west to Dimbulah.

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Cairns has a seven-team Australian rules football competition between teams from the Cairns and Port Douglas region.

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Cairns is a major international destination for water sports and scuba diving due to its close proximity to the Great Barrier Reef.

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The Cairns Showground is used for sports as well, as the Cairns Show and funfairs.

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