34 Facts About Kazan


Kazan is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Tatarstan in Russia.

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Kazan is the fifth-largest city in Russia, and the most populous city on the Volga, as well as the Volga Federal District.

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In 1552, Kazan was captured by Ivan the Terrible and became a part of Russia.

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Kazan is renowned for its vibrant mix of Tatar and Russian cultures.

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Kazan hosted the 2013 Summer Universiade, and was one of the host cities of the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

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Kazan was a border post between Volga Bulgaria and two Finnic peoples—the Mari and Udmurt.

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Kazan became the center of the Principality, which was dependent on The Golden Horde.

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In 1438, the Bulgar fortress Kazan was captured by the ousted Golden Horde Khan Ulugh Muhammad, who killed the local Prince Swan and moved the fortress to a modern place.

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Kazan had trade relations with Moscow, Crimea, Turkey, and other regions.

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Kazan was largely destroyed in 1774 as a result of the Pugachev revolt, an uprising by border troops and peasants led by the Don Cossack ataman Yemelyan Pugachev, but the city, formerly largely of timber construction, was afterwards rebuilt, using stone and according to a grid pattern plan, during the reign of Catherine the Great.

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Kazan became an industrial center and peasants migrated there to join its industrial workforce.

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In 1918, Kazan was the capital of the Idel-Ural State, which was suppressed by the Bolshevist government.

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In 1920, Kazan became the center of Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.

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Kazan celebrated its millennium in 2005, after a city-organized historical commission settled on 1005 as the official year of the city's founding.

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In 2010, for the preparations to the 2013 Universiade, Kazan began even more renovation by modernizing its airport, fixing the streets, enhancing public transport, and adopting Russian, English, and Tatar languages in all transportation, large stores, and shopping centers.

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Historical symbol of Kazan is the mythical dragon-like creature Zilant, often mentioned in legends.

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Kazan is one of the largest industrial and financial centers of Russia, and a leading city of the Volga economic region in construction and accumulated investment.

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Innovative economy in Kazan is represented by the biggest IT-park in Russia and the biggest technical park in Europe.

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In 2012, Kazan ranked 6th in the quality of city environment rating, which was made by the Russian Federation Ministry of Regional Development, Russian Alliance of Engineers, Federal Construction Agency, Federal Service of Supervision of Consumer Protection and Welfare and Moscow Federal University.

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The tram system in Kazan consists of eight operating routes, one of which is a historical excursion route between the railway station and river port.

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Single-line Kazan Metro, opened on 27 August 2005, the first and only metro system built in a post-soviet state after the collapse of the USSR.

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Kazan is connected with Moscow, Ulyanovsk, Yoshkar-Ola and Yekaterinburg by train.

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Main railway station Kazan–Passazhirskaya is located in the city centre and includes a main building, a commuter trains terminal, a ticket office building and some other technical buildings.

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Predominant faiths of Kazan city are Islam and Eastern Orthodox Christianity, with minority representation of Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism, and the Baha'i Faith.

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Kazan has a humid continental climate with long, cold winters, and warm, sunny summers.

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Major monuments in the Kremlin are the five-domed, six-columned Annunciation Cathedral and the mysterious, formerly leaning Soyembika Tower, named after the last queen of Kazan and regarded as the city's most conspicuous landmark.

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Central Kazan is divided into two districts by the Bolaq canal and Lake Qaban.

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Nowadays Kazan becomes the largest public health center in Russia.

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Kazan City Duma is a representative body of the city, elected every four years and holds its sessions in Kazan City Hall.

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LTE network in Kazan was launched by three operators – Scartel LLC, MegaFon OJSC and MTS OJSC.

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Kazan now is one of the most developed cities in Russia in terms of sport.

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City of Kazan is a leader in terms of winnings in various sports including its most popular sports teams.

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The city has foreign diplomatic, trade and cultural representations, the Kazan Kremlin and the Institute of culture of peace are under the auspices of UNESCO, the city participates in partner movements, is a member of the world organizations of cities.

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Kazan has partner relations with the following cities and regions:.

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