67 Facts About Moscow


Moscow is among the world's largest cities; being the most populous city entirely in Europe, the largest urban and metropolitan area in Europe, and the largest city by land area on the European continent.

FactSnippet No. 821,432

Northernmost and coldest megacity in the world, with a history that spans eight centuries, Moscow is governed as a federal city that serves as the political, economic, cultural, and scientific center of Russia and Eastern Europe.

FactSnippet No. 821,433

Moscow is home to the seventh-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world.

FactSnippet No. 821,434

Moscow was the host city of the 1980 Summer Olympics, and one of the host cities of the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

FactSnippet No. 821,435

Moscow is home to many Russian companies in numerous industries and is served by a comprehensive transit network, which includes four international airports, ten railway terminals, a tram system, a monorail system, and most notably the Moscow Metro, the busiest metro system in Europe, and one of the largest rapid transit systems in the world.

FactSnippet No. 821,436

Moscow has acquired several epithets, most referring to its size and preeminent status within the nation: The Third Rome, the Whitestone One, the First Throne, the Forty Soroks .

FactSnippet No. 821,437

The demonym for a Moscow resident is "" for male or "??" for female, rendered in English as Muscovite.

FactSnippet No. 821,438

Timber fort na Moskve "on the Moscow River" was inherited by Daniel, the youngest son of Alexander Nevsky, in the 1260s, at the time considered the least valuable of his father's possessions.

FactSnippet No. 821,439

Daniel has been credited with founding the first Moscow monasteries, dedicated to the Lord's Epiphany and to Saint Daniel.

FactSnippet No. 821,440

Moscow was quite stable and prosperous for many years and attracted a large number of refugees from across Russia.

FactSnippet No. 821,441

In 1380, prince Dmitry Donskoy of Moscow led a united Russian army to an important victory over the Mongols in the Battle of Kulikovo.

FactSnippet No. 821,442

In 1480, Ivan III had finally broken the Russians free from Tatar control, and Moscow became the capital of an empire that would eventually encompass all of Russia and Siberia, and parts of many other lands.

FactSnippet No. 821,443

Moscow began fighting the Tatars, enlarged the territory of Muscovy, and enriched his capital city.

FactSnippet No. 821,444

Moscow conquered the far larger principality of Novgorod to the north, which had been allied to the hostile Lithuanians.

FactSnippet No. 821,445

Moscow took control of the ancient "Novgorod Chronicle" and made it a propaganda vehicle for his regime.

FactSnippet No. 821,446

Moscow ceased to be Russia's capital, except for a brief period from 1728 to 1732 under the influence of the Supreme Privy Council.

FactSnippet No. 821,447

In 1741 Moscow was surrounded by a barricade 40 kilometres long, the Kamer-Kollezhskiy barrier, with 16 gates at which customs tolls were collected.

FactSnippet No. 821,448

Sokolniki Park, in the 18th century the home of the tsar's falconers well outside Moscow, became contiguous with the expanding city in the later 19th century and was developed into a public municipal park in 1878.

FactSnippet No. 821,449

In 1991 Moscow was the scene of a coup attempt by conservative communists opposed to the liberal reforms of Mikhail Gorbachev.

FactSnippet No. 821,450

Since then, a market economy has emerged in Moscow, producing an explosion of Western-style retailing, services, architecture, and lifestyles.

FactSnippet No. 821,451

In 2010s Moscow's Administration has launched some long duration projects like the Moja Ulitsa urban redevelopment program or the Residency renovation one.

FactSnippet No. 821,452

Moscow serves as the reference point for the time zone used in most of European Russia, Belarus and the Republic of Crimea.

FactSnippet No. 821,453

Temperatures in the centre of Moscow are often significantly higher than in the outskirts and nearby suburbs, especially in winter.

FactSnippet No. 821,454

The Patriarch of Moscow serves as the head of the church and resides in the Danilov Monastery.

FactSnippet No. 821,455

Moscow was called the "city of 40 times 40 churches"—prior to 1917.

FactSnippet No. 821,456

Moscow is Russia's capital of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which has been the country's traditional religion.

FactSnippet No. 821,457

Moscow is the site of Saint Basil's Cathedral, with its elegant onion domes, as well as the Cathedral of Christ the Savior and the Seven Sisters.

FactSnippet No. 821,458

Medieval Moscow's design was of concentric walls and intersecting radial thoroughfares.

FactSnippet No. 821,459

Moscow designed spacious elongated shop galleries, most notably the GUM department store on Red Square, bridged with innovative metal-and-glass vaults.

FactSnippet No. 821,460

Soviet goal of providing housing for every family, and the rapid growth of Moscow's population, led to the construction of large, monotonous housing blocks.

FactSnippet No. 821,461

Ostankino Palace, Kuskovo, Uzkoye and other large estates just outside Moscow originally belong to nobles from the Tsarist era, and some convents, and monasteries, both inside and outside the city, are open to Muscovites and tourists.

FactSnippet No. 821,462

Moscow's skyline is quickly modernizing, with several new towers under construction.

FactSnippet No. 821,463

Moscow is a very green city, if compared to other cities of comparable size in Western Europe and North America; this is partly due to a history of having green "yards" with trees and grass, between residential buildings.

FactSnippet No. 821,464

One of the most notable art museums in Moscow is the Tretyakov Gallery, which was founded by Pavel Tretyakov, a wealthy patron of the arts who donated a large private collection to the city.

FactSnippet No. 821,465

Moscow will get its own branch of the Hermitage Museum in 2024, with authorities having agreed upon the final project, to be executed by Hani Rashid, co-founder of New York-based 'Asymptote Architecture' - the same bureau that's behind the city's stock market building, the Busan-based World Business Center Solomon Tower and the Strata Tower in Abu-Dhabi.

FactSnippet No. 821,466

Moscow is the heart of the Russian performing arts, including ballet and film, with 68 museums 103 theaters, 132 cinemas and 24 concert halls.

FactSnippet No. 821,467

Moscow is home to 63 stadiums, of which Luzhniki Stadium is the largest and the 4th biggest in Europe .

FactSnippet No. 821,468

Moscow was again the host of the competition in 2010, this time in Krylatskoye.

FactSnippet No. 821,469

Moscow was the host city of the 1980 Summer Olympics, with the yachting events being held at Tallinn, in present-day Estonia.

FactSnippet No. 821,470

Moscow had more winners at the USSR and Russian Chess Championship than any other city.

FactSnippet No. 821,471

In football, FC Spartak Moscow has won more championship titles in the Russian Premier League than any other team.

FactSnippet No. 821,472

PFC CSKA Moscow became the first Russian football team to win a UEFA title, the UEFA Cup .

FactSnippet No. 821,473

Slava Moscow is a professional rugby club, competing in the national Professional Rugby League.

FactSnippet No. 821,474

Nightlife in Moscow has moved on since Soviet times and today the city has many of the world's largest nightclubs.

FactSnippet No. 821,475

Moscow's EMS is the second most efficient one among the world's megacities, as reported by PwC during the presentation of the international study Analysis of EMS Efficiency in Megacities of the World.

FactSnippet No. 821,476

The city of Moscow is divided into twelve administrative okrugs and 125 districts.

FactSnippet No. 821,477

The central part of Moscow grew by consolidating with suburbs in line with medieval principles of urban development when strong fortress walls would gradually spread along the circle streets of adjacent new settlements.

FactSnippet No. 821,478

The first circular defence walls set the trajectory of Moscow's rings, laying the groundwork for the future planning of the Russian capital.

FactSnippet No. 821,479

However, contemporary Moscow has engulfed a number of territories outside the MKAD, such as Solntsevo, Butovo, and the town of Zelenograd.

FactSnippet No. 821,480

Moscow has one of the largest municipal economies in Europe and it accounts more than one-fifth of Russia's gross domestic product .

FactSnippet No. 821,481

Moscow is home to the third-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world, and has the highest number of billionaires of any city in Europe.

FactSnippet No. 821,482

Primary industries in Moscow include the chemical, metallurgy, food, textile, furniture, energy production, software development and machinery industries.

FactSnippet No. 821,483

The Poljot Moscow watch factory produces military, professional and sport watches well known in Russia and abroad.

FactSnippet No. 821,484

Moscow ranked first in the 2007 edition and 2008 edition of the survey.

FactSnippet No. 821,485

In 2008, Moscow ranked top on the list of most expensive cities for the third year in a row.

FactSnippet No. 821,486

In 2014, according to Forbes, Moscow was ranked the 9th most expensive city in the world.

FactSnippet No. 821,487

Moscow is one of the financial centers of the Russian Federation and CIS countries and is known for its business schools.

FactSnippet No. 821,488

Moscow Conservatory, founded in 1866, is a prominent music school in Russia whose graduates include Sergey Rachmaninoff, Alexander Scriabin, Aram Khachaturian, Mstislav Rostropovich, and Alfred Schnittke.

FactSnippet No. 821,489

The Moscow Metro is the busiest metro system in Europe, as well as one of the world's busiest metro systems, serving about ten million passengers daily .

FactSnippet No. 821,490

Moscow has an extensive tram system, which first opened in 1899.

FactSnippet No. 821,491

Moscow Central Circle is a 54-kilometre-long urban-metro railway orbital line that encircles historical Moscow.

FactSnippet No. 821,492

Line is operated by the Moscow Government owned company MKZD through the Moscow Metro, with the Federal Government owned Russian Railways selected as the operation subcontractor.

FactSnippet No. 821,493

However, in S-bahn way, Moscow unified tickets "Ediniiy" and "Troika" are accepted by MCC stations.

FactSnippet No. 821,494

Moscow has different vehicle sharing options that are sponsored by the local government.

FactSnippet No. 821,495

In 2018 the mayor Sergey Sobyanin said Moscow's car sharing system has become the biggest in Europe in terms of vehicle fleet.

FactSnippet No. 821,496

Line 4 of Moscow Metro had the longest time intervals between train arrivals throughout the 2010s.

FactSnippet No. 821,497

Moscow is home to nearly all of Russia's nationwide television networks, radio stations, newspapers, and magazines.

FactSnippet No. 821,498